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Bronson v. Neal

August 16, 2010


The opinion of the court was delivered by: A. Richard Caputo United States District Judge




Presently before the Courtis the Report and Recommendation ("R&R") of Magistrate Judge Smyser (Doc. 15), and Plaintiff's objections to the R&R (Doc. 20). The R&R recommends dismissal of Plaintiff's action for failure to pay the filing fee, and that his motions for injunctive relief be denied. For the reasons discussed below, the R&R will be adopted, and Plaintiff's action will be dismissed.This Court has jurisdiction over the present action pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1331 (federal question).


Plaintiff filed the present action in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania on March 9, 2010, arguing that Defendants were violating his constitutional rights by interfering with his mail and prison account thus preventing him from effectively litigating other cases. (Doc. 1.) That same day, Plaintiff filed a motion for a temporary restraining order ("TRO") requiring Defendants to release the necessary fees for the filling of this civil action. (Doc. 4.) On March 25, 2010, Plaintiff filed a second motion for a TRO requesting that certain property be returned to him to enable him to effectively litigate his cases. (Doc. 9.) Plaintiff's request to proceed in forma pauperis in the present action was denied on March 10, 2010 as barred pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g) ("three-strikes" provision). (Doc. 8.) Magistrate Judge Smyser filed the present R&R on May 4, 2010. (Doc. 15.) After being granted extensions to respond, Plaintiff filed his objections to the R&R on June 21, 2010. (Doc. 20.) The R&R is now ripe for disposition.


I. Review of Report and Recommendation

Where objections to a magistrate judge's report are filed, the Court must conduct a de novo review of the contested portions of the report, 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C), Sample v. Diecks, 885 F.2d 1099, 1106 n.3 (3d Cir. 1989), provided the objections are both timely and specific, Goney v. Clark, 749 F.2d 5, 6-7 (3d Cir. 1984). In its de novo review, the Court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the factual findings or legal conclusions of the magistrate judge. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C); Owens v. Beard, 829 F. Supp. 736, 738 (M.D. Pa. 1993). Although the review is de novo, the statute permits the Court to rely on the recommendations of the Magistrate Judge to the extent it deems proper. See United States v. Raddatz, 447 U.S. 667, 675-76 (1980) ("Congress intended to permit whatever reliance a district judge, in the exercise of sound judicial discretion, chose to place on a magistrate's proposed findings and recommendations"); Goney, 749 F.2d at 6-7; Ball v. U.S. Parole Comm'n, 849 F. Supp. 328, 330 (M.D. Pa. 1994). Uncontested portions of the report may be reviewed at a standard determined by the district court. See Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 154 (1985) (the statute neither prevents nor requires a particular standard if no objections are filed); Goney, 749 F.2d at 7. At the very least, the Court should review uncontested portions for clear error. See, e.g., Cruz v. Chater, 990 F. Supp. 375, 376-77 (M.D. Pa. 1998) (citing Advisory Committee notes on Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 72(b), implementing 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C)).

II. Preliminary Injunction and Temporary Restraining Order

Rule 65 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure governs the grant or denial of preliminary injunctions and temporary restraining orders. It provides, in relevant part, that:

A temporary restraining order may be granted without . . . notice to the adverse party . . . only if (1) it clearly appears from specific facts shown by the affidavit or by the verified complaint that immediate and irreparable injury, loss, or damage will result to the applicant before the adverse party . . . can be heard in opposition.

FED. R. CIV. P. 65(b). Injunctive relief is extraordinary in nature, and such relief should only be granted in limited circumstances. A. T. & T. Co. v. Winback and Conserve Program, Inc., 42 F.3d 1421, 1426-27 (3d Cir. 1994). Irreparable injury is "potential harm which cannot be redressed by a legal or equitable remedy following a trial." Instant Air Freight Co. v. C.F. Air Freight, Inc., 882 F.2d 797, 801 (3d Cir. 1989). A court may not grant preliminary injunctive relief unless "[t]he preliminary injunction [is] the only way or protecting the plaintiff from harm." Id. The relevant inquiry is whether the party moving for the injunctive relief is in danger of suffering the irreparable harm at the time the preliminary injunctive relief is to be issued. Id. "In the prison context, requests for injunctive relief must always ...

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