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Rhodes v. Diamond

July 14, 2010


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Jones, J.


I. Introduction

Plaintiffs in the above-captioned matter are homeowners who defaulted on their mortgages and subsequently filed Petitions for relief under Chapter 13 of the Bankruptcy Code. Defendants herein are individual attorneys and their law firms, who represent the lenders and are accused of filing inflated Proofs of Claims in Bankruptcy Court. Plaintiffs allege that said Proofs of Claims did not reflect refunds of fees paid for Sheriff's Sales on the foreclosed properties that were postponed by reason of the bankruptcy filings. As such, Plaintiffs - individually and on behalf of all others similarly situated - have filed a Complaint in this court, asserting violations of the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act ("FDCPA"), 15 U.S.C. § 1692 et seq.;Pennsylvania's Fair Credit Extension Uniformity Act ("FCEUA"), 73 P.S. § 2270 et seq.; (3) Pennsylvania's Unfair Trade Practices and Consumer Protection Law ("UTPCPL"), 73 P.S. § 201 et seq.; and, (4) common law claims of Tortious Interference with Contractual Relations.

In response to said Complaint, Defendants have filed the instant Motion to Dismiss pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(b)(6)(Doc. No. 2), asserting in pertinent part that any issues Plaintiffs may have with the Proofs of Claims that were filed, are issues that must be pursued in Bankruptcy Court by means of Objections to said Proofs, or Motions for Sanctions. Plaintiffs oppose said Motion (Doc. No. 3), maintaining that they have pled sufficient facts to sustain their cause of action in this court.*fn1 For the reasons set forth hereinbelow, Defendants' Motion will be granted.

II. Standard of Review

In deciding a motion to dismiss pursuant to Rule 12(b)(6), courts must "accept all factual allegations as true, construe the complaint in the light most favorable to the plaintiff, and determine whether, under any reasonable reading of the complaint, the plaintiff may be entitled to relief." Phillips v. County of Allegheny, 515 F.3d 224, 233 (3d Cir. 2008) (internal quotation and citation omitted). After the Supreme Court's decision in Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, "[t]hreadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere conclusory statements, do not suffice." Ashcroft v. Iqbal, - U.S. -, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 1949 (2009) (citing Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007)). "A claim has facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged." Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. at 1949 (citing Twombly, 550 U.S. at 556). This standard, which applies to all civil cases, "asks for more than a sheer possibility that a defendant has acted unlawfully." Id. Accord Fowler v. UPMC Shadyside, 578 F.3d 203, 210-211 (3d Cir. 2009) ("All civil complaints must contain more than an unadorned, the - defendant - unlawfully -harmed - me accusation.") (internal quotation omitted).

Although Plaintiffs herein have provided this Court with an extensive dissertation regarding their perceived victimization of mortgagees throughout the economic downturn of the past several years, their allegations cannot entitle them to relief in this court.

III. Discussion

As Defendants properly point out in their Motion to Dismiss, creditors are only required to file a Proof of Claim which states the amount owed "as of the date of the filing of the petition." (Defs. Mot. Dismiss 8-11, citing 11 U.S.C. § 501(b).) Plaintiffs do not dispute this statement of bankruptcy law. (Pls. Opp'n Mem. 12.) Plaintiffs' Complaint fails to allege that Defendants did not file the Proofs of Claims using totals known as of the date of the filing of the petition - which included initial Sheriff's fees - or that pertinent bankruptcy law required Defendants to amend the Proofs of Claims. Instead, Plaintiffs claim in pertinent part that Defendants' failure to timely amend the Proofs in accordance with a representation that they would do so, was unlawful and entitles Plaintiffs to relief. (Pls. Compl. ¶¶59-60.) Despite Plaintiffs' arguments to the contrary, it is this failure to promptly amend that forms the basis for all of their claims.

Plaintiffs expend much time and energy focusing not only their Complaint, but their Opposition to Defendants' Motion to Dismiss, on the premise that homeowners all over the country are being victimized by attorneys such as Defendants, in a systematic scheme to overcharge debts in bankruptcy proceedings.*fn2 However, Plaintiffs fail to provide any legal basis for the one critical component necessary to sustain the particular claims alleged in their Complaint: the existence of a duty to amend a Proof of Claim. Although Plaintiffs note that discovery would be helpful regarding the merits of their claims, discovery cannot provide a duty that does not exist by law. Plaintiffs argue that the authority cited in support of Defendants' contention that no such duty exists is inapposite to the case at bar, inasmuch as it involves post-petition payments by a debtor, as opposed to a creditor's claim for debt incurred pre-petition.

(Pls. Opp'n Mem. 13 n. 12.) However, Plaintiffs provide no authority in support of their claim.

The Bankruptcy Court for the District of Massachusetts has effectively summarized the law regarding amendment of a Proof of Claim as it existed in 2002 and still exists today...

Neither the Bankruptcy Code nor the Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure address amendments to proofs of claim. Clamp-All Corp. v. Foresta (In re Clamp-All Corp.), 235 B.R. 137, 140 (BAP 1st Cir. 1999), citing 9 Lawrence P. King, et al., Collier on Bankruptcy P 3001.01[1] (15th ed. rev. 1999). Prior to the bar date, amendments to filed proofs of claim are permissible. Id. Amendments to timely filed defective proofs of claim may be made after the bar date has expired. Hutchinson v. Otis, Wilcox & Co., 190 U.S. 552, 47 L.Ed. 1179, 23 S.Ct. 778 (1903); In re Stylerite, Inc., 120 F. Supp. 485 (D.N.H. 1954). However, post-bar date amendments should not be ...

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