The opinion of the court was delivered by: Magistrate Judge Mitchell
Plaintiff, Michael Malik Allah, filed this civil rights action on August 11, 2004 against numerous defendants, officials of the Pennsylvania Department of Corrections, relating to conditions of his confinement within the Pennsylvania prison system. The case was dismissed on March 18, 2005, when the Court entered an order (Docket No. 65) adopting a Report and Recommendation that had been submitted by the undersigned on February 16, 2005 (Docket No. 59) and granting a motion to dismiss (Docket No. 2) that had been filed on behalf of all Defendants, concluding that Plaintiff failed to state a claim upon which relief could be granted.
On April 4, 2005, Plaintiff filed a notice of appeal (Docket No. 67) and the case remained at the Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit for some time. On May 11, 2010, the Court of Appeals entered an order (Docket No. 75) that granted a motion filed by the Defendants to remand the action to this Court to conduct an evidentiary hearing to determine whether this case was covered by a settlement agreement that Plaintiff entered into with Defendants on December 26, 2006.
Pursuant to that order, this Court scheduled an evidentiary hearing for June 16, 2010 at 9:30 a.m. Notice was sent to Plaintiff by regular and certified mail at his address of record: 630 Creekview Boulevard, Covington, Georgia 30016. On June 14, 2010, Plaintiff contacted the Court by telephone, explained that he had not received notice of the hearing because he was no longer at the address in Georgia but had been made aware of the remand order by his counsel at the Court of Appeals and had called this Court's Clerk's Office and been informed of the hearing date. Plaintiff notified the Court that his address was now 6310 Market Street, Upper Darby, Pennsylvania 19082, that he had certain medical problems that prevented him from being in Pittsburgh on June 16, 2010, and that he was requesting that the hearing be rescheduled. The Court thereafter rescheduled the hearing for July 7, 2010 at 9:30 a.m. and mailed a copy of this order to Plaintiff at the address in Pennsylvania he had provided. It is further noted that, on June 23, 2010, counsel for Defendants filed a "Trial Brief in Advance of Evidentiary Hearing - July 7, 2010" (Docket No. 79) and mailed a copy of this document to Plaintiff at the Pennsylvania address.
Nevertheless, on July 7, 2010, Plaintiff did not appear for the evidentiary hearing, nor did he contact the Court in any way to request that it be rescheduled or that he be allowed to participate by phone. Kemal Alexander Mericli from the Office of the Attorney General appeared for the Defendants. Attorney Mericli outlined the following history. On December 22, 2006, the undersigned conducted a settlement conference on three civil rights cases Plaintiff had filed against various defendants: Civil Action Nos. 97-1796, 01-2360 and 04-1167. Plaintiff was not physically present in Court but participated by phone (at his request). The defendants in the cases were represented by Mariah Passarelli of the Attorney General's Office.
Attorney Mericli read the portion from the record wherein the Court advised Plaintiff that the agreement reached would involve "settlement of all these cases, as well as the plaintiff waiving any claims he might have against the Department of Corrections or its prison officials, anything up until the time of his release from custody"... in exchange for him receiving the sum of $1,500.00. (Docket No. 79 App. 2 at 25.) Plaintiff said "yes, sir." The Court then repeated that Plaintiff had agreed "to settle all three of the cases... and waive any claims you might have against the Commonwealth, the prison, the prison authorities, the prison employees, through the time of your release from custody in exchange for $1,500" and Plaintiff again responded "yes, sir." (Id. at 26.)
Attorney Mericli then explained that, on December 26, 2006, Plaintiff signed the Settlement Agreement, which contained the following language:
Mr. Allah, in consideration of this settlement agreement, agrees to sign the instant Settlement Agreement and a Release of Claims, which will discontinue the three actions listed above and bar Mr. Allah from pursuing any future litigation against the Department of Corrections or the Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole or their agents or assigns for any claim arising up to and including Mr. Allah's release from Department of Corrections custody. (Id. at 19-20.) On that same date, he also signed a Release of Claims, which contained the following language:
It is also agreed that this Release applies to any and all claims, injuries and damages, including those unknown and unanticipated arising or resulting from any incident, happening or event relating to my incarceration with the Department of Corrections up to and including the date that I was released from Department of Corrections' custody. (Id. at 21.)
The Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit has stated that, although ordinarily contract principles govern the enforceability of a settlement agreement, "different rules govern our review of cases in which a person allegedly waives civil rights claims. In such cases, we will inquire into the totality of the circumstances surrounding execution of the agreement, and we will decline to enforce the agreement unless its execution was knowing and voluntary." W.B. v. Matula, 67 F.3d 484, 497 (3d Cir. 1995) (citing Cirillo v. Arco Chem. Co., 862 F.2d 448, 451 (3d Cir. 1988); Coventry v. U.S. Steel Corp., 856 F.2d 514, 523-24 (3d Cir. 1988). The court stated that:
We consider such factors as whether (1) the language of the agreement was clear and specific; (2) the consideration given in exchange for the waiver exceeded the relief to which the signer was already entitled by law; (3) the signer was represented by counsel; (4) the signer received an adequate explanation of the document; (5) the signer had time to reflect upon it; and (6) the signer understood its nature and scope. We may also look to whether there is ...