The opinion of the court was delivered by: Magistrate Judge Baxter
District Judge McLaughlin
MAGISTRATE JUDGE'S REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
It is respectfully recommended that Defendants' Motion to Dismiss for Failure to Prosecute [Document # 29] be granted and the instantcivil rights action be dismissed for Plaintiff's failure to prosecute..
A. Relevant Procedural and Factual History
On July 9, 2008, Plaintiff Luis Torres, a prisoner incarcerated at the State Correctional Institution at Albion, Pennsylvania ("SCI-Albion"), filed this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Named as Defendants are: Jeffrey Beard, Secretary of the Pennsylvania Department of Corrections ("Beard"); Kevin Lantz, F-Unit Manager at SCI-Albion ("Lantz"); Rod Showers, Unit Manager at SCI-Albion ("Showers"); and Tricia Gamble, FB Unit Counselor at SCI-Albion ("Gamble").
In his pro se Complaint, Plaintiff alleges that Defendants violated his Eighth Amendment right to be free from cruel and unusual punishment by exposing him to second-hand smoke, despite their knowledge that he suffers from "chronic asthma." (Complaint at p. 2). Specifically, Plaintiff claims that, despite his numerous complaints and grievances, Defendants "continue to force [him] to be house[d] in areas full of second hand smoke where smoke hovered, in Units that smokes [sic] and in cell with cellies that smoke and in so called smoke free units that staff and inmates smoke and force the plaintiff to breath second hand smoke." (Id. at p. 5, ¶ 15).
Plaintiff contends that his continued exposure to second hand smoke has exacerbated his asthma condition. In addition, Plaintiff has raised a retaliation claim, alleging that Defendants have denied and/or delayed the administration of his asthma medication in retaliation for his filing of so many grievances/complaints regarding the second hand smoke. (Id. at pp. 4, 6; ¶¶ 7, 15). As relief for his claims, Plaintiff seeks injunctive relief and monetary damages.
On October 17, 2008, Defendants filed a motion to dismiss, or in the alternative, motion for summary judgment [Document # 19], arguing, inter alia, that: (i) the Eleventh Amendment bars suit against the individual Defendants in their official capacities; (ii) Plaintiff fails to allege the personal involvement of Defendant Beard; (iii) Plaintiff's exposure to second hand smoke claim fails to state a conditions of confinement claim under the Eighth Amendment; and (iv) Plaintiff's retaliation claim fails to show either that he suffered an "adverse action" or that there is a causal connection between his filing of grievances and the purported "adverse actions."
On May 20, 2009, this Court issued a Report and Recommendation recommending that Defendants' motion be granted in part and denied in part. [Document # 22]. On June 16, 2009, District Judge Sean J. McLaughlin issued a Memorandum Order adopting this Court's Report and Recommendation, dismissing Plaintiff's claim for monetary damages against the Defendants in their official capacities, and allowing the remainder of Plaintiff's claims to proceed. [Document # 23]. Shortly thereafter, Defendants filed an Answer to Plaintiff's complaint. [Document # 24]. A case management conference was subsequently held by this Court on September 11, 2009, during which deadlines for discovery and the filing of dispositive motions were set.
On February 26, 2010, Defendants filed a motion to dismiss for failure to prosecute [Document # 29], disclosing that Plaintiff was deported to the Dominican Republic on September 30, 2009. (See Declaration of John McCarthy attached as Exhibit B to Document # 29, at ¶ 3). Since then Plaintiff has failed to notify the Court or Defendants of his location. In the meantime, the deadlines set by this Court have expired and Defendants have been unable to serve Plaintiff with discovery requests or a dispositive motion. In this Court's Order dated August 4, 2008, Plaintiff was ordered to "immediately advise the court of any change of address," and was notified that "[f]ailure to do so may result in dismissal for failure to prosecute if the court and other parties are unable to serve pleadings, orders and other documents upon Plaintiff." [Document # 9 at p. 2].
The United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit has set out a six-factor balancing test to guide a court in determining whether dismissal of a case is appropriate. Poulis v. State Farm Fire and Casualty Co., 747 F.2d 863 (3d Cir. 1984). The court must consider:
1) the extent of the party's personal responsibility; 2) the prejudice to the adversary caused by the failure to meet scheduling orders and respond to discovery; 3) a history of dilatoriness; 4) whether the conduct of the party or attorney was willful or in bad faith; 5) the effectiveness of sanctions other than dismissal, which entails an analysis of alternative sanctions; and 6) the meritoriousness of the claim or defense. Id. at 868. Not all of the six ...