The opinion of the court was delivered by: Judge Pellegrini
BEFORE: HONORABLE DAN PELLEGRINI, Judge, HONORABLE MARY HANNAH LEAVITT, Judge, HONORABLE JIM FLAHERTY, Senior Judge.
Timmy's Corporation (Licensee) appeals from an order of the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia County (trial court) affirming the decision of the Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board (Board) which imposed a penalty of $1,750 upon Licensee for serving alcohol to a minor. For the reasons that follow, we affirm the trial court's decision.
On July 8, 2006, Licensee was issued a citation for violating Section 493(1) of the Liquor Code, Act of April 12, 1951, P.L. 90, as amended, 47 P.S. §4-493(1),*fn1 by selling alcohol to a 19-year old male minor on June 28, 2006. Licensee requested a hearing on the citation which took place before an Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) on December 4, 2007.
Two Pennsylvania State Police Officers testified that they saw the minor drive up to Licensee's place of business, a distributor, get out of his car, go into the establishment, and walk out with two 30-pack cases of Coors Light beer. Licensee's employee carried another 30-pack for the minor to his car. One of the officers, Justin Clark (Officer Clark), testified that he asked the minor/driver of the vehicle for his identification, and he stated that he did not have any identification. Officer Clark stated that he did a pat down search and found a false Pennsylvania driver's license which did not look like the minor, as well as the minor's driver's license indicating that he was Brendan Sickel (Sickel) and that he was 19 years old.
Jian Liu (Liu), an employee of Licensee's, testified that Sickel came into the distributor on June 28, 2006, and that he recognized him because he had been in the distributor twice before. However, he did not know him by the name of Sickel because he had previously presented a Pennsylvania driver's license to him on May 4 and 15, 2006, with the name of Jason Scholl. On those dates, he ran the ID through his age detection machine and it did not decline the license for being underage. If it had done so, that would have meant that Sickel was younger than 21 years of age and that he would not have allowed him to buy beer. He believed Sickel was 25 years old. On cross-examination, Liu admitted that the license Sickel provided to him previously was expired because the expiration date read 11/10/05. He also admitted that on June 28, 2006, he did not ask Sickel for any identification before selling him beer.
Brendan Sickel (Sickel), the minor who purchased the beer, stated that he had been at Licensee's distributor approximately 10 times prior purchasing alcohol prior to June 28, 2006, but then changed his answer to one based on a questionnaire he had answered previously and was admitted into evidence. He admitted that he obtained a Pennsylvania driver's license with the name of Jason Scholl from someone in his neighborhood for the purpose of purchasing alcohol and had it in his possession on June 28, 2006, but denied ever presenting an ID with the name of Jason Scholl to Liu in Licensee's distributor on that night or on any other date.
The ALJ found that Sickel purchased three cases of beer from Licensee on June 28, 2006, without having his age questioned, even though he was born on April 16, 1987; when apprehended by police officers outside the premises, his wallet contained an expired Pennsylvania driver's license of a man whose birthday was October 31, 1980; and Sickel did not use the expired license to induce Licensee to sell beer to him. The ALJ concluded that even if Sickel used the expired driver's license of a man whose birthday was October 31, 1980, on a previous occasion, that individual was not the person who purchased beer on June 28, 2006. Further, the use of that expired driver's license on any of the previous occasions was inadequate to establish a defense because the driver's license was expired at all relevant times. The ALJ then sustained the citation and imposed on Licensee a fine of $1,750, stating that if it was not paid within 20 days of the mailing date of the order, Licensee's license would be suspended or revoked.
Licensee appealed to the Board which affirmed the ALJ's decision. The Board noted that Section 495(f) of the Liquor Code, 47 P.S. §4-495(f), provides that a licensee who has provided alcohol to a minor may escape liability if the licensee required the minor to provide proper identification and if the licensee acted in good faith. However, Licensee failed to set forth an affirmative defense under this section because the minor Sickel was not asked for identification on June 28, 2006. Further, the identification that Sickel presented on the two prior occasions was invalid because it was expired. Finally, the Board did not find Licensee credible regarding its argument that it acted in good faith by relying on the scanning device it had used in the past to determine the validity of the age of an individual.*fn2
Licensee filed an appeal with the trial court which conducted a de novo review of the matter. It noted that Section 495(a) of the Liquor Code provides that a licensee will not be liable for having sold liquor to a minor if the minor was required to produce a valid photo driver's license or identification card. However, on the date in question, Licensee did not request Sickel to produce any identification. Although Licensee stated that its employee did not ask for identification because Sickel had been in the distributor on prior occasions when he had produced identification which showed that he was over 21 years old, "the code does not refer to previous sales with the same person and requires that a licensee check an individual's identification with each purchase." (Trial court's opinion at 2.) The trial court further stated that it was a violation of the Pennsylvania Vehicle Code to drive with an expired license, 75 Pa. C.S. §1501(a),*fn3 so even if Licensee's employee had asked for the minor's proof of age on the day in question, a cursory review of the driver's license would have revealed that it was expired and no longer valid. In any event, the trial court stated that in order to utilize the affirmative defense of good faith from Section 495 of the Liquor Code, in addition to requesting valid identification, Licensee had to require the minor to complete and sign an age declaration form pursuant to 47 P.S. §4-495(e).*fn4 Because he did not require Sickel to complete and sign that form, he could not use that defense and affirmed the Board. This appeal by Licensee followed.*fn5
Relying on 47 P.S. §4-495(g), Licensee contends that the trial court's decision sustaining the citation should be reversed because Licensee's employee acted in good faith in selling alcohol to Sickel. Specifically, 47 P.S. §4-495(g) provides:
In addition to the defenses set forth in subsections (e) and (f), no penalty shall be imposed on a licensee, licensee's employe or Pennsylvania Liquor Store employe for serving alcohol to a minor if the licensee or employe can establish that the minor was required to produce an identification card as set forth in subsection (a), the identification card is identified as a valid card by a transaction scan device and the identification card and transaction scan results were relied upon in good faith. This defense shall apply to all civil and criminal prosecutions. For purposes of this section, a "transaction scan device" is a device capable of deciphering in an electronically readable format the information encoded on the magnetic strip or bar code of an identification card set forth in subsection (a).
Subsection (a) provides that "The valid photo driver's license or identification card issued by the Department of Transportation or by any other state, a valid armed forces of the United States identification card, a valid passport or a travel visa issued by the United States or a foreign country that contains the holder's photograph shall, for the purpose of this act, be accepted as an identification card." 47 P.S. §4-495(a). The Liquor Code does not define "valid" or "valid identification card." However, "valid" is defined as "executed with the proper legal authority and formalities, having legal efficacy or force." Webster's Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary ...