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Gonzalez v. Bustleton Services

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA


May 18, 2010

WALTER GONZALEZ, EDER MORALES AND LUIS ALBERTO ROBLERO
v.
BUSTLETON SERVICES, INC.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Elizabeth T. Hey United States Magistrate Judge

MEMORANDUM AND ORDER OF JUDGMENT

In a Memorandum and Order dated May 5, 2010, I granted Plaintiffs' request for prejudgment interest, and asked the parties to provide details of the damages to which they stipulated. The parties have now provided the figures to allow for the calculation of prejudgment interest. Based on the calculations that follow, I will enter judgment in the following amounts; for Walter Gonzalez, $5,012.44 including $517.34 in prejudgment interest, for Eder Morales, $6,254.75 including $711.20 in prejudgment interest, and for Alberto Roblero, $7,228.49 including $773.39 in prejudgment interest. Plaintiffs' counsel shall have 14 days from the date of the entry of judgment to file a petition for attorneys' fees.*fn1

I. BASIS FOR THE CALCULATION

After a bench trial, as explained in my earlier filed Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law, I found that Plaintiffs were entitled to damages for several categories of wage violations: credited overtime from September 30, 2006 through September 30, 2008 under the Fair Labor Standards Act ("FLSA") for which no prejudgment interest is due because I imposed liquidated damages under the FLSA; credited overtime from September 30, 2005 through September 30, 2006 under Pennsylvania's Minimum Wage Act ("PMWA") for which prejudgment interest will be calculated using Pennsylvania's statutory rate; uncompensated morning and evening time due under the FLSA from September 30, 2006 through September 30, 2008 for which prejudgment interest will be calculated using the federal post judgment interest rate; and uncompensated morning and evening time from September 30, 2005 through September 30, 2006 under the PMWA which will be calculated using Pennsylvania's statutory rate.

Based on my Findings and Conclusions, the parties stipulated to the damages attributable to each of the categories of wage violations. Due to the uncertainty of the dates on which the uncompensated morning and evening time was earned, I originally intended on dividing the amount attributable to the uncompensated morning and evening time in thirds, accounting for the three years prior to the filing of suit. However, reviewing the records, it is clear that Plaintiffs had no income from Defendant after August 26, 2007. Therefore, I will divide the amount attributable to uncompensated morning and evening time in half, attributing half to the period from September 30, 2005 through September 30, 2006, and half to the period from September 30, 2006, through September 30, 2007.

When utilizing Pennsylvania's statutory rate for the violations of the PMWA, I will calculate interest at a simple six percent. See 41 P.S. § 202 (setting six percent simple interest as the statutory annual rate). When calculating interest for the FLSA violations, for which liquidated damages have not been awarded, I will be guided by the rate set out in the post judgment interest statute, compounding the interest annually. See Sun Ship, Inc. v. Matson Navigation Co., 785 F.2d 59, 63 (3d Cir. 1986) (in awarding prejudgment interest the district court "may be guided by the rate set out in 28 U.S.C. § 1961").*fn2

II. CALCULATION

Based on the amounts stipulated to by counsel, the calculations of interest are as follows.

A. Gonzalez   Credited OT (FMLA) Interest September 30, 2006 - September 30, 2008$509.83 Liquidated Damages for Credited OT (FMLA)   September 30, 2006 - September 30, 2008$509.83 Credited OT (PMWA - Interest calculated at simple 6%)*fn3   September 30, 2005 - September 30, 2006$219.11 * .06 * 3.67 =$48.25 Uncompensated morning/evening (PMWA - Interest calculated at simple 6%)   September 30, 2005 - September 30, 2006$1,628.16 * .06 * 3.67$358.52 Uncompensated morning/evening (FLSA - Interest using §1961)   September 30, 2006 - September 2007$1,628.17 

Compounding Interest  9/30/06 - 9/30/07$1,628.17 * 4.05% = $65.94 9/30/07 - 9/30/08($1,628.17 $65.94)  $1,694.11 * 1.95% = $33.04 9/30/08 - 9/30/09($1,694.11 $33.04)  $1,727.15 * .41% = $7.08 9/30/09 - 5/18/10($1,727.15 $7.08)  $1,734.23 * .39% = $6.76 * 8/12 = $4.51*fn4  $65.94 $33.04 $7.08 $4.51 = $110.57

Totals for Gonzalez:  Damages (including liquidated)$4,495.10 Prejudgment Interest$517.34 Total$5,012.44

B. Morales   Credited OT (FMLA) Interest September 30, 2006 - September 30, 2008$459.06 Liquidated Damages for Credited OT (FMLA)   September 30, 2006 - September 30, 2008$459.06 Credited OT (PMWA - Interest calculated at simple 6%)   September 30, 2005 - September 30, 2006$589.31 * .06 * 3.67$129.77 Uncompensated morning/evening (PMWA - Interest calculated at simple 6%)   September 30, 2005 - September 30, 2006$2,018.06 * .06 * 3.67$444.38 Uncompensated morning/evening (FLSA - Interest using §1961)   September 30, 2006 - September 2007$2,018.06 

Compounding Interest  9/30/06 - 9/30/07$2,018.06 * 4.05% = $81.73 9/30/07 - 9/30/08($2,018.06 $81.73)  $2,099.79 * 1.95% = $40.95 9/30/08 - 9/30/09($2,099.79 $40.95)  $2,140.74 * .41% = $8.78 9/30/09 - 5/18/10($2,140.74 $8.78)  $2,149.52 * .39% = $8.38 * 8/12 = $5.59  $81.73 $40.95 $8.78 $5.59 = $137.05

Totals for Morales:  Damages (including liquidated)$5,543.55 Prejudgment Interest$711.20 Total$6,254.75

C. Roblero   Credited OT (FMLA) Interest September 30, 2006 - September 30, 2008$673.10 Liquidated Damages for Credited OT (FMLA)   September 30, 2006 - September 30, 2008$673.10 Credited OT (PMWA - Interest calculated at simple 6%  ) September 30, 2005 - September 30, 2006$491.69 * .06 * 3.67$108.27 Uncompensated morning/evening (PMWA - Interest calculated at simple 6%)   September 30, 2005 - September 30, 2006$2,308.60 * .06 * 3.67$508.35 Uncompensated morning/evening (FLSA - Interest using §1961)   September 30, 2006 - September 2007$2,308.61 

Compounding Interest  9/30/06 - 9/30/07$2,308.61 * 4.05% = $93.50 9/30/07 - 9/30/08($2,308.61 $93.50)  $2,402.11 * 1.95% = $46.84 9/30/08 - 9/30/09($2,402.11 $46.84)  $2,448.95 * .41% = $10.04 9/30/09 - 5/18/10($2,448.95 $10.04)  $2,458.99 * .39% = $9.59 *8/12 = $6.39  $93.50 $46.84 $10.04 $6.39 = $156.77

Totals for Roblero:  Damages (including liquidated)$6,455.10 Prejudgment Interest$773.39 Total$7,228.49

Judgment in the amounts calculated above is attached.


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