The opinion of the court was delivered by: Magistrate Judge Bissoon
Pro se Plaintiff Matthew P. Dec ("Mr. Dec") has initiated this lawsuit by submitting, on behalf of himself and purportedly on behalf of Lisa A. (Weisenstein) Dec ("Ms. Dec"), an Application to Proceed In Forma Pauperis ("IFP"). See Doc. 1. The Application was signed by Mr. Dec, but not Ms. Dec. See id. at 2. By text Order dated March 5, 2010, the Court granted the IFP Application and directed the Clerk of Court to file the Complaint attached to the Application.
Although the Complaint is purportedly "verified," see Doc. 2 at 1, it has not been signed by Mr. or Ms. Dec. Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 11(a), every pleading "must be signed by at least one attorney of record... or by a party personally if the party is unrepresented." Id. "The court must strike an unsigned paper unless the omission is promptly corrected after being called to the attorney's or party's attention." Id.
The deficiencies regarding Ms. Dec's purported filings run deeper. When multiple plaintiffs seek to proceed IFP, each plaintiff must submit a sworn application in support of the request. See Khattab El v. U.S. Justice Dept., 1988 WL 5117, *1 (E.D. Pa. Jan. 22, 1988) (citation omitted); see also Cooke v. Harpum, 2008 WL 4830715, *2 (N.D. Cal. Nov. 6, 2008) (although only one filing fee per case is required, "either [the] filing fee must be paid, or each plaintiff must qualify as [IFP]") (emphasis added).*fn1
The Court is unaware of, and Mr. Dec has failed to identify, any valid legal basis upon which he may sign an IFP application on behalf of his wife. See IFP Application (handwritten and signed by Mr. Dec, and purporting to state both his and Ms. Dec's assets and debts). Somewhat relatedly, the law is clear that one pro se litigant cannot appear on another's behalf. Amaker v. Goord, 2009 WL 1586560, *3 (W.D.N.Y. Jun. 4, 2009); accord Igbonwa v. Cameron, 2004 WL 257358, 4 n.2 (E.D. Pa. Feb. 2, 2004) ("[a]lthough a non-attorney may appear [on] his own behalf, that privilege is personal to him," and "[h]e has no authority to appear as an attorney for others than himself") (citation to quoted authority omitted).
Should Ms. Dec submit an IFP application on her own behalf and sign the amended complaint (as directed below), she thereby effectively acknowledges that: (i) she formally has agreed to proceed as a plaintiff; (ii) she will legally represent herself and appear on her own behalf; and (iii) Mr. Dec cannot and will not act as her attorney or appear on her behalf.
See Amaker, 2009 WL 1586560 at *3 (ordering same).
Consistent with the foregoing, the Court hereby enters the following:
A. The March 5, 2010 Order granting the IFP Application executed and signed by Mr. Dec (Doc. 1) is VACATED;
B. If Ms. Dec elects to proceed with this litigation, she shall execute and file an IFP application, on her own behalf, by no later than May 14, 2010;
C. Assuming Mr. Dec and/or Ms. Dec will be granted IFP status, they shall, by May 25, 2010, file an amended complaint containing the signature(s) of all plaintiff(s);
D. Should Mr. and/or Ms. Dec fail to comply with the signature requirement in Federal Rule 11(a), as directed above, the ...