Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Clarke v. Lane

March 31, 2010

JAMES CLARKE, ET AL., PLAINTIFFS,
v.
BERNON LANE, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Eduardo C. Robreno, J.

MEMORANDUM

TABLE OF CONTENTS

I. BACKGROUND ................................................2

II. DEFENDANTS' MOTIONS TO DISMISS; MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT ....5

A. Procedural History ...................................5

B. General Principles ...................................7

1. Standing ........................................8

2. Mootness ........................................8

3. Rule 12(b)(6) ...................................9

4. Rule 56(c) .....................................10

C. Standing ............................................11

1. Plaintiffs Anderson and Clarke .................11

2. Plaintiffs Charles, Taylor, Coleman ............12

3. Plaintiffs Chapolini and Cruz ..................12

4. Plaintiff Pastrana .............................15

D. Mootness ............................................16

1. Plaintiffs Charles, Taylor, Coleman ............16

a. Sosna Exception ...........................16

b. Capable of Repetition, Yet Evading Review Exception .................................17

c. Transitory Claim Exception ................19

2. Plaintiff Pastrana .............................21

E. Motion to Dismiss ...................................22

F. Motion for Summary Judgment..........................22

III. MOTION FOR CLASS CERTIFICATION: PLAINTIFF PASTRANA .......23

1. Class Definition ...............................23

2. Legal Standard .................................25

3. Application ....................................27

a. Rule 23(a) Requirements ...................27

i. Numerosity ...........................27

ii. Commonality ..........................28

iii. Typicality ...........................31

iv. Adequacy of Representation ...........33

b. Rule 23(b)(2) Requirements ................35

IV. CONCLUSION ...............................................37

Before the Court is (1) Plaintiffs' amended motion for class certification (doc. no. 72); (2) CEC Defendants' motion to dismiss or, in the alternative, summary judgment (doc. no. 83); and (3) Moving Defendants' motion to dismiss, pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6) (doc. no. 85). For organizational purposes, the Court will address Defendants' motion for summary judgment and motions to dismiss, followed by Plaintiffs' motion for class certification.

For the reasons stated below, Defendants' motions will be denied in part and granted in part, and Plaintiffs' motion will be granted with Plaintiff Pastrana serving as the class representative.

I. BACKGROUND

On June 8, 2009, Plaintiffs filed an amended motion for class certification, pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 23(b)(2) ("Rule 23(b)(2)"), alleging inadequate medical and mental healthcare for residents at Coleman Hall, a community corrections facility, and asserting claims for violations of their First, Eighth and Fourteenth Amendment rights, pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §§ 1983 and 1988. As a class, Plaintiffs seek injunctive and declaratory relief, under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, Title II and III of the Americans with Disabilities Act ("ADA"), and § 504 of the Rehabilitation Act.*fn1

In their motion, Plaintiffs seek to certify a class comprised of "all current and future residents of Coleman Hall to pursue claims associated with the inadequate access to and provision of medical and mental health care." See Pls.' Mot. Class Cert. 15. The motion names the following eight Plaintiffs, on behalf of themselves and those similarly situated:

1. James Clarke

2. Antonio Charles

3. Richard Taylor

4. Emmett Coleman

5. Glenn Anderson

6. Vincent Chapolini

7. Hector Pastrana

8. Felix Cruz See Pls.' Am. Class Cert.

In their motion, Plaintiffs name the following thirteen Defendants:

1. Bernon Lane, Director

2. James Newton, Deputy Director*fn2

3. Charles Steiner, Deputy Director

4. Charles Irizarray, Manager

5. Barry Hazzard, Agent

6. Nora Williams, Nurse

7. Irene ...


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.