The opinion of the court was delivered by: Senior Judge Friedman
Submitted: December 4, 2009
BEFORE: HONORABLE DAN PELLEGRINI, Judge, HONORABLE ROCHELLE S. FRIEDMAN, Senior Judge, HONORABLE KEITH B. QUIGLEY, Senior Judge.
Valerie Marx (Claimant) petitions for review of the May 20, 2009, order of the Workers' Compensation Appeal Board (WCAB), which affirmed the decision of a workers' compensation judge (WCJ) to grant the modification petition filed by United Parcel Service (Employer). We affirm.
On September 15, 2003, Claimant suffered a work-related injury in the nature of a right knee and right ankle strain and received workers' compensation benefits. On January 13, 2006, Employer filed a petition to modify or suspend Claimant's benefits based on a release to return to work by John R. Frankeny II, M.D., and a labor market survey establishing Claimant's earning capacity.*fn1 Claimant filed an answer to that petition, denying the allegations, and hearings were held before a WCJ. (WCJ's Procedural History, Nos. 1, 3, 5-7.)
In support of its petition, Employer presented the testimony of Denise Clark, a vocational expert who testified that she was forced to perform a hypothetical vocational evaluation because Claimant refused to meet with her. Clark utilized Claimant's job application with Employer to determine Claimant's vocational and educational background, and she reviewed medical records she received from Dr. Frankeny. Clark prepared a transferable skills analysis and performed a labor market survey showing eight sedentary positions. Clark personally viewed the positions being performed and prepared job analyses for Dr. Frankeny's review. Dr. Frankeny approved all of the jobs for Claimant. The highest paid position was a Mail Filer job with Capital Tax Collection, which paid $376.60 per week. (WCJ's Findings of Fact, No. 4.)
Employer also presented the testimony of Mark Negley, Employer's Risk Management Supervisor and Workers' Compensation Supervisor for Central Pennsylvania. Negley testified that everyone who works for Employer is required to lift up to seventy pounds, and, because Dr. Frankeny restricted Claimant's lifting to fifty pounds, there are no positions available with Employer within the restrictions placed on Claimant by Dr. Frankeny. (WCJ's Findings of Fact, No. 5.)
Dr. Frankeny, an orthopedic surgeon for the past fifteen years, testified that he started treating Claimant shortly after her work injury. Dr. Frankeny testified that he has restricted Claimant to lifting or carrying no more than fifty pounds, and no repetitive lifting. Dr. Frankeny further testified that he reviewed the job analyses in the labor market survey and that he approves of Claimant working the jobs. (WCJ's Credibility Determinations, No. 5.)
In opposition to Employer's petition, Claimant testified on her own behalf and presented the testimony of Terry P. Leslie, a vocational expert who, at the request of Claimant's counsel, reviewed Clark's labor market survey and interviewed Claimant. Leslie spent a total of two hours meeting with the eight employers in the labor market survey, and much of Leslie's testimony was based on information he gained from third parties and, as such, is hearsay. Leslie did not prepare any job analyses for the eight positions in order to refute Clark's job analyses. Moreover, although Leslie testified that Claimant does have some earning capacity, Leslie did not attempt to locate any suitable positions for Claimant. (WCJ's Findings of Fact, No. 6; WCJ's Credibility Determination, No. 4.)
After considering the evidence, the WCJ accepted the testimony of Dr. Frankeny, Clark and Negley and modified Claimant's benefits based on an earning capacity of $376.60 per week, the pay Claimant would have received for the Mail Filer job with Capital Tax Collection.*fn2 The WCJ also rejected Leslie's testimony to the extent it contradicts Clark's testimony. Claimant appealed to the WCAB, which affirmed. Claimant now petitions this court for review.*fn3
I. Competency of Labor Market Survey
A. Legal Defects of Four Positions
Claimant argues that the WCJ erred in accepting Clark's labor market survey because it contained substantive legal defects, viz., a position that was not actually available, a position with an inaccurate wage, a position with an incorrect address and a position potentially outside Claimant's labor market.*fn4 However, the presence of these defects does not render the entire labor market survey incompetent where the survey contains other positions without defects. Indeed, the WCJ ...