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Marshall v. Portfolio Recovery Associates

August 12, 2009


The opinion of the court was delivered by: O'neill, J.


Plaintiff Allan Marshall filed a complaint against defendants Portfolio Recovery Associates, Inc. and Monique Bailey on January 2, 2009, with the Philadelphia Municipal Court First Judicial District of Pennsylvania. The complaint alleged that defendants had violated the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA), 15 U.S.C. § 1692, et. seq., as well as "the state Act." On January 22, 2009, defendants removed the case to federal court. Presently before me are the defendants' motion for judgment on the pleadings, plaintiff's reply, defendants' response and plaintiff's sur-reply thereto.


Marshall is the attorney for Vanessa Jones, a non-party to this lawsuit. Marshall alleges that on or about December 18, 2008, Bailey, acting as an employee of Portfolio Recovery, called him regarding Jones. Marshall alleges that the phone call was "harassing, annoying and illegal." According to Marshall, Bailey was "rude," never identified her employer or occupation and did not identify herself until prompted. Marshall alleges that she was "bent on her business and wanted to rush plaintiff into a conversation" so he "hung up on her" before she could finish her "annoying speech."

On January 5, 2009, Marshall filed a lawsuit on his own behalf against Bailey and Portfolio Recovery alleging that this phone call violated the FDCPA and the "state Act." The complaint alleged $10,000 in damages but the letter accompanying his service of the complaint on defendants offered to settle the case out of court if they sent him a cashier's check for "$9,5000"*fn1 by January 18, 2009.


A motion for judgment on the pleadings will not be granted unless the movant clearly establishes that no material issues of fact remain unresolved, and that the movant is entitled to a judgment as a matter of law. Society Hill Civic Ass'n v. Harris, 632 F.2d 1045, 1054 (3d Cir. 1980). Thus, "[a] motion for judgment on the pleadings pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P 12(c) is assessed under the same standard as a motion to dismiss pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P 12(b)." Regalbuto v. Philadelphia, 937 F. Supp. 374, 376-77 (E.D. Pa. 1995), citing Nelson v. ARA Food Serv., 1995 WL 303990, at *6 n.13 (E.D. Pa. May 18, 1995).

Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6) permits a court to dismiss all or part of an action for "failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted." Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6). In ruling on a Rule 12(b)(6) motion, I must accept as true all well-pleaded allegations of fact, and any reasonable inferences that may be drawn therefrom, in plaintiff's complaint and must determine whether "under any reasonable reading of the pleadings, the plaintiff[] may be entitled to relief." Nami v. Fauver, 82 F.3d 63, 65 (3d Cir. 1996) (citations omitted). Typically, "a complaint attacked by a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss does not need detailed factual allegations," though plaintiffs' obligation to state the grounds of entitlement to relief "requires more than labels and conclusions, and a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not do." Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007). "Factual allegations must be enough to raise a right to relief above the speculative level on the assumption that all of the allegations in the complaint are true (even if doubtful in fact)." Id. (citations omitted), see also Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 1940, 1949 (2009), explaining that Rule 8 requires more than "threadbare recitals of a cause of action" or "an unadorned, the-defendant-unlawfully-harmed-me accusation" to suffice. A well-pleaded complaint may proceed even if it appears "that recovery is very remote and unlikely." Scheuer v. Rhodes, 416 U.S. 232, 236 (1974). When considering a Rule 12(b)(6) motion, I do not "inquire whether the plaintiff[] will ultimately prevail, only whether [he is] entitled to offer evidence to support [his] claims." Nami, 82 F.3d at 65, citing Scheuer, 416 U.S. at 236.


This Court has jurisdiction over this matter pursuant to 15 U.S.C. § 1692k(d) which states that "[a]n action to enforce any liability created by [the FDCPA] may be brought in any appropriate United States district court without regard to the amount in controversy, or in any other court of competent jurisdiction, within one year from the date on which the violation occurs."

Plaintiff alleges that defendants violated § 1692c(b) of the FDCPA by "contacting a third party without plaintiff's prior consent" and § 1692e(2)(A)(5) and (10) "by misrepresenting and virtually imposing herself*fn2 as if she was a friend" of plaintiff and failing to provide a "meaningful identification." Plaintiff also alleges that defendants violated the "state Act" by making an "illegal phone call" and by violating the FDCPA. Defendants claim, inter alia, that plaintiff lacks standing to bring an action under the FDCPA because he is not a "consumer" under the Act, that the communication in question was not prohibited by the FDCPA and that omitting a "meaningful identification" is not a cause of action under the FDCPA. Furthermore, defendants seek attorneys' fees from plaintiff pursuant to 15 U.S.C. § 1692k(a)(3).

I. FDCPA Claims

Defendants assert that plaintiff does not have standing under the FDCPA because only "consumers" may bring an FDCPA action and plaintiff does not meet the definition of "consumer" under 15 U.S.C. § 1692a(3).*fn3 Plaintiff asserts that any person injured by conduct in violation of the FDCPA has standing to bring suit.

"The grant of a cause of action under the FDCPA is given to any person." Wenrich v. Cole, 2001 WL 4994, at *3 (E.D. Pa. Dec. 22, 2000), citing 15 U.S.C. § 1692k(a). "Federal courts interpret Section 1692k(a) as a broad grant available to persons who are not obligated or allegedly obligated to pay the debt that the defendant sought to collect." Id. There are several instances of non-debtors successfully bringing suit under the FDCPA. See, e.g., id., holding that parents who were targeted for collection of a child's debt which they did not guarantee had standing to pursue an FDCPA claim against debt-collector; Wright v. Fin. Serv. of Norwalk, Inc., 22 F.3d 647, 650 (6th Cir. 1994), holding that executrix daughter of deceased woman had standing under FDCPA where daughter opened letters to her mother that allegedly violated the FDCPA; Dutton v. Wolhar, 809 F. Supp. 1130, 1135 (D. Del. 1992), holding that son who received letter regarding debt incurred by his father of the same name had ...

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