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Commonwealth v. Lawson

IN THE SUPERIOR COURT OF PENNSYLVANIA


June 10, 2009

COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, APPELLEE
v.
ANTHONY MICHAEL LAWSON, APPELLANT

Appeal from the Judgment of Sentence entered July 24, 2008 In the Court of Common Pleas of Monroe County, Criminal, No. CP-45-CR-0000921-2007.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Klein, J.

BEFORE: STEVENS, LALLY-GREEN and KLEIN, JJ.

OPINION

¶ 1 Anthony Michael Lawson appeals his sentence following his conviction for Prohibited Offensive Weapon (POW)*fn1 after being found in possession of a knife in a sheath that could be locked in a 90-degree position as well as in a straight position.*fn2 Lawson argues that the Commonwealth failed to prove that the knife found in his possession met the definition of a prohibited offensive weapon.*fn3

The trial judge found that the Commonwealth proved beyond a reasonable doubt that the knife had no common lawful purpose and convicted Lawson to 6 months' to 24 years' imprisonment. We agree and affirm.

¶ 2 On June 20, 2007 police were dispatched to West Main Street in Stroudsburg because of a disturbance involving weapons in front of a convenience store. Officer Leonard F. DeMaria arrived on the scene and noticed an outline of a weapon under Lawson's shirt. Officer DeMaria patted Lawson down and recovered a knife, approximately 11 inches in length, in a metal sheath which was clipped to Lawson's belt.

¶ 3 The possession of a "prohibited offensive weapon" is set forth in 18 Pa.C.S.A. §908, which defines "Offensive weapons" as follows:

(c) Definitions

"Offensive weapons." Any bomb, grenade, machine gun, sawed-off shotgun with a barrel less than 18 inches, firearm specially made or specially adapted for concealment or silent discharge, any blackjack, sandbag, metal knuckles, dagger, kife, razor or cutting instrument, the blade of which is exposed in an automatic way by switch, pushbutton, spring mechanism, or otherwise, any stun gun, stun baton, taser or other electronic weapon or other implement for the infliction of serious bodily injury which serves no common lawful purpose. [Emphasis added.]

¶ 4 "While some conceivable lawful use could be found for almost every object otherwise proscribed by Section 908, the statute does not prohibit only items with no conceivable lawful purpose, but, more broadly, items with no common lawful purpose." Commonwealth v. Hitchon, 549 A.2d 943, 947 (Pa. Super. 1988) (emphasis in original); cf. Commonwealth v. Artis, 418 A.2d 644 (Pa. Super. 1980) (although waved in crowded room, defendant's folding knife with seven-inch blade, which was purchased at sporting goods store to be used for hunting and fishing, was not implement for infliction of serious bodily injury which served no common lawful purpose within meaning of statute proscribing possession of POW.)

¶ 5 At trial, the Commonwealth presented evidence from an expert on knives who spent over three decades selling knives in his sporting goods store. SeeN.T. Trial, 5/27/08, at 9-10. He testified that while some knives locked in a 90 degree angle, these types of knives have either a hook or serrated edge and have a specific sporting purpose. Id. at 17-23. On cross-examination the expert conceded that Lawson's knife could be used to de-flesh a trout or to whittle wood, but it would be very awkward and unhandy to use such a knife for that purpose. Id. at 18; Hitchon, supra. The expert concluded that he could not determine a purpose for the subject knife. Id. at 18.

¶ 6 Moreover, the trial judge had an opportunity to view the knife in question.*fn4 He used his judgment as well as the testimony of the expert to determine whether it was the kind of knife that could be used in hunting, woodworking or fishing. He determined that its primary function was not for any of those purposes, and we do not find this an abuse of discretion. Widmer, supra.

¶ 7 Lawson also argues that self-defense is his common lawful purpose for carrying the knife. Under the definition suggested by Lawson, any weapon could be used for self-defense, and the purpose of the statute would be nullified. Moreover, the intent of the actor has been specifically held to be irrelevant with respect to analysis of the elements of section 908(c). Commonwealth v. Fisher, 400 A.2d 1284, 1288 (Pa. 1979).

¶ 8 Judgment of sentence affirmed.


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