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Knauss v. Shannon

April 9, 2009


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Judge Rambo


Before the court are two motions for an order compelling the Defendants in the above-captioned case to produce documents, filed by Plaintiff Joseph Ronald Knauss. (Docs. 59 & 63.) For the reasons that follow, the motions will be denied.

I. Background

Plaintiff initiated this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 on September 15, 2008, while confined at the State Correctional Institution at Fayette, in LaBelle, Pennsylvania ("SCI-Fayette"). (Doc. 1.) An amended complaint was filed on September 25, 2008, (Doc. 9), and the court directed service of the amended complaint on the named Defendants on September 30, 2008, (Doc. 10). Plaintiff sets forth allegations against several employees of the State Correctional Institution in Frackville, Pennsylvania ("SCI-Frackville"), his former place of confinement.*fn1 He contends that Defendants violated his constitutional rights on July 12, 2008 when he was called into the unit manager's office at SCI-Frackville and assaulted by Defendant Hannon. He claims that when he was placed in administrative custody while prison officials investigated the July 12 incident, he was denied food trays, recreation, and showers. He further claims that on July 15, 2008, Defendant Shannon destroyed Plaintiff's legal books, legal mail, and grievances in connection with the July 12 incident and his subsequent placement in administrative custody. As relief he seeks compensatory and punitive damages.

Defendants filed an answer to the amended complaint on December 5, 2008. (Doc. 27.) Since that time, the parties have been engaging in discovery. Currently, the deadline for completion of discovery is May 11, 2009. (See Doc. 73.) Outstanding, in part, are issues relating to the production of documents. Those issues will be discussed herein.

II. Discussion

Generally, courts afford considerable latitude in discovery in order to ensure that litigation proceeds with "the fullest possible knowledge of the issues and facts before trial." Hickman v. Taylor, 329 U.S. 495, 501 (1947). The polestar of discovery is relevance. Relevance for discovery purposes is defined broadly. The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure permit discovery "regarding any non-privileged matter that is relevant to any party's claim or defense . . . . Relevant information need not be admissible at the trial if the discovery appears reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence." Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b)(1). "[A]ll relevant material is discoverable unless an applicable evidentiary privilege is asserted. The presumption that such matter is discoverable, however, is defeasible." Pearson v. Miller, 211 F.3d 57, 65 (3d Cir. 2000). Rule 26(b)(2) authorizes a court to limit discovery where (i) the discovery sought is unreasonably cumulative or duplicative, or can be obtainable from some other source that is more convenient, less burdensome, or less expensive; (ii) the party seeking discovery has had ample opportunity to obtain the information sought by discovery in the action; or (iii) the burden or expense of the proposed discovery outweighs its likely benefit, considering the needs of the case, the amount in controversy, the parties' resources, the importance of the issues at stake in the action, and the importance of the discovery in resolving the issues.

Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b)(2)(C)(i)-(iii). However, when there is no doubt about relevance, a court should tend toward permitting discovery. Stabilus v. Haynsworth, Baldwin, Johnson & Greaves, P.A., 144 F.R.D. 258, 265-66 (E.D. Pa. 1992).

Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 37 allows a party who has received evasive or incomplete discovery responses to seek a court order compelling additional disclosure or discovery. The party seeking the order to compel must demonstrate the relevance of the information sought. The burden then shifts to the opposing party, who must demonstrate in specific terms why a discovery request does not fall within the broad scope of discovery or is otherwise privileged or improper. Goodman v. Wagner, 553 F. Supp. 255, 258 (E.D. Pa. 1982).

On March 9, 2009, Defendants responded to Plaintiff's second request for production of documents. (See Doc. 74-2.) Defendants answered the request by providing information related to the case or by objecting on the basis of relevancy, privilege, or security concerns. At issue here are Plaintiff's objections to Defendants' answers to four requests for production of documents.*fn2 In his motions to compel (Docs. 59 & 63), Plaintiff is requesting that the court direct Defendants to provide further responses to the request for production of documents at issue. On March 27, 2009, the court directed Defendants to notify the court of the status of Plaintiff's discovery requests. (Doc. 71.) Defendants responded on April 3, 2009. (Doc. 74.) The court will now review Plaintiff's objections by specific document request in an effort to resolve the instant discovery dispute and place the case back in a posture to be resolved.

A. Taped Telephone Conversations

In his first request, Plaintiff requested taped phone conversations of SCIFrackville guards and staff from March 14, June 11 and 12, 2008. (See Docs. 59 & 63.) Defendants initially responded to this request as being over burdensome and not likely to lead to any relevant discoverable material. (Doc. 74-2 at 1.) Further, in response to the court's March 27, 2009 order, Defendants indicate that phone conversations made by guards or staff at the institution to others are not recorded. (Doc. 74 at 2.) As such, there are no such taped conversations existing in response to this request.

The court finds this to be a sufficient answer to this request and will not direct a more specific answer in response to the instant motions to compel. Thus, the motions to ...

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