IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA
April 6, 2009
IN RE: MULTI-DISTRICT LITIGATION ASBESTOS PRODUCTS LIABILITY LITIGATION
FRANK BANKSTON, ET AL
ABCO INDUSTRIES, INC.
JESSE A. BUFORD
ABCO INDUSTRIES, INC.
NO. MDL 875
U.S.D.C. MISSISSIPPI SOUTHERN
U.S.D.C. Pennsylvania Eastern
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
A civil action was filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi and properly docketed by that court as 01-cv-00162; this civil action has been transferred to this court as part of the federal systemwide asbestos products liability litigation, known commonly as MDL 875.
This one civil action has been brought by 2,100 individual plaintiffs.*fn1 We note that claims of different plaintiffs which involve common legal issues, but totally different alleged facts, may not be grouped into a single action pursuant to the plain and unambiguous language of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 20(a)(1). In the instant matter, while it is true that the claims asserted by each of the plaintiffs against the defendants in this civil action are based upon alleged injuries allegedly incurred as a result of exposure to asbestos products, their individual clams do not arise out of the same transaction, occurrence, or series of transactions or occurrences, and are therefore not related within the meaning of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 20(a)(1).*fn2 Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 21, federal courts may sever misjoined plaintiffs sua sponte when their claims do not arise out of the same transaction, occurrence, or series of transactions or occurrences.*fn3 In addition, courts may sever parties for the "efficient administration of justice."*fn4 An action severed under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 21 becomes an independent civil action.*fn5
Moreover, the just, speedy and efficient processing of this matter in this court will require separate trials for each of these plaintiffs, as their lawsuits may involve different facts, different witnesses, different evidence, different legal theories and different defenses, which could lead to confusion of the jury if they were all tried together.*fn6 In addition, it is obvious that permitting such multi-plaintiff actions with unrelated claims to proceed without severance would complicate discovery and interfere with its completion in accordance with assigned deadlines.
Severance of this matter will require each of the plaintiffs to file a Severed and Amended Complaint that provides the necessary information about his or her individual claims. Likewise, a filing fee pursuant to 28 U.S.C. must be assessed for each of these individual plaintiffs (except for the lead plaintiff, Frank Bankston, who has already satisfied the fee requirement in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi).
Accordingly, this day it is hereby ORDERED as follows:
1. Within sixty (60) days, each individual plaintiff*fn7 shall file one "Severed and Amended Complaint" in this court. The Clerk of this Court is directed to assign separate civil action numbers to each individual plaintiff.
2. Each Severed and Amended Complaint shall contain the specific claims asserted by that individual plaintiff against any defendant named in the Severed and Amended Complaint.
3. Each Severed and Amended Complaint shall be submitted to the Clerk of Court on disk in portable document format (pdf), along with a courtesy paper copy of the complaint, for filing. Pursuant to Local Rule of Civil Procedure 5.1.2, all attorneys shall apply for a signature code by completing and filing with the Clerk of Court a Validation of Signature Form, a copy of which is attached hereto. An attorney's signature code shall be entered on the signature line of the courtesy copy of the Severed and Amended Complaint for the purpose of signature validation pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 11.
4. Absent prior leave of court, a Severed and Amended Complaint shall contain only those claims pleaded in the original multi-plaintiff action or some subset of those claims.
5. Absent prior leave of court, a Severed and Amended Complaint shall not name any new defendants not named in the original multi-plaintiff action.
6. Except for Frank Bankston (the lead plaintiff in the aforesaid matter originally filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi), each plaintiff who files a Severed and Amended Complaint shall remit to the Clerk of Court a filing fee in the amount of $350.00, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §1914(a).
7. Each Severed and Amended Complaint must be served by the concerned plaintiff as required by Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 5.
8. Failure to comply herewith may result in dismissal of Plaintiff's case.