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Blount v. Brook

April 6, 2009


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Judge Caldwell

Magistrate Judge Smyser



The pro se plaintiff, Tony Blount, filed this 42 U.S.C. § 1983 action when the defendant police officers arrested him while he was in the hospital and removed him to the county jail. Among other claims, Plaintiff alleges there was excessive force used against him and deliberate indifference to his medical needs. The defendants are: (1) Police Officer Brook; (2) Police Officer Miller; and (3) the Lower Paxton Township Police Department.

Defendants filed a motion to dismiss, and the magistrate judge filed a report and recommendation on the motion. We are considering the defendants' objections to the report.

In relevant part, in ruling on the motion to dismiss, the magistrate judge made the following recommendations. First, because of the prison mailbox rule, see Houston v. Lack, 487 U.S. 266, 108 S.Ct. 2379, 101 L.Ed.2d 245 (1988), no determination could be made at the motion-to-dismiss stage whether the case was untimely and hence the case should not be dismissed on the basis of the statute of limitations. Second, police departments are not persons who can be sued under section 1983, so the Lower Paxton Township Police Department should be dismissed as a defendant. Third, the motion should be denied as to the excessive-force claim and deliberate-indifference claim. Fourth, the motion should be granted as to Plaintiff's "falsified report" claim, but leave should be granted to file an amended complaint on this claim, as well as on a potential claim challenging the validity of the arrest. Fifth, Plaintiff's claim for the failure of the defendant officers to have his seatbelt fastened for the trip to the hospital should be dismissed for lack of any injury resulting therefrom.

The defendants have two objections to the report. First, they contend the magistrate judge erred in rejecting the statute-of-limitations defense. They rely on Jackson v. Nicoletti, 875 F. Supp. 1107 (E.D. Pa. 1994), which held that the mailbox rule does not apply to a prisoner's filing of a complaint, in part because the two-year period for filing a civil-rights action is a far greater time for acting than the thirty-day appeal period present in Houston. Jackson, supra, 875 F. Supp. at 1113. They also rely on Pendergrass v. Gray, No. 06-2277, 2006 WL 3165007, at *3-4 (E.D. Pa. Oct. 30, 2006), which did apply the mailbox rule to the filing of a complaint, and held it was timely by relying on the date it was signed by the inmate. In the instant case, looking to Pendergrass, the defendants argue that the lawsuit is untimely because Plaintiff signed the writ of summons on March 18, 2008, which would make the case one day late because the incident giving rise to the action happened on March 17, 2006.*fn1 And looking to Jackson, they point out that Plaintiff waited almost two years before attempting to file suit so any delay is his fault. 875 F. Supp. at 1113.*fn2

We disagree. To begin with, unlike the court in Jackson, we believe the mailbox rule does apply, at least to Plaintiff's initiation of the lawsuit here. Next, and consistent with the magistrate judge's position, the facts before us at the motion-to-dismiss stage do not establish the lawsuit is time-barred. It is true that the writ of summons has a date of March 18, 2008, on it, but it is not clear who put that date on the writ. The state court records also reveal that the writ was docketed on March 18, but this would indicate the inmate mailed the writ at the latest on March 17, which would support the conclusion that the lawsuit was timely under the mailbox rule.

We thus agree with the magistrate judge that the defense of the statute of limitations cannot be decided at the motion-to- dismiss stage. However, the defendants may pursue this defense if the record establishes that the action was filed too late.

The defendants' second objection (perhaps more of a suggestion to the court) is that the magistrate judge failed to recommend a deadline for filing the amended complaint. We will include such a deadline in our order disposing of the report and the defendants' objections.

We note that the defendants have filed a motion to extend the deadlines for filing discovery and dispositive pretrial motions and a motion to depose Plaintiff. We will leave these matters to the magistrate judge upon remand of the case to him.*fn3

Accordingly, this 6th day of April, 2009, upon consideration of the report (doc. 15) of the magistrate judge, filed January 26, 2009, the objections that were filed, and upon independent review of the record, it is ordered that:

1. The magistrate judge's report is adopted.

2. The defendants' motion (doc. 11) for involuntary dismissal pursuant to Fed. R. ...

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