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Hall v. Galie


March 17, 2009


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Gene E.K. Pratter United States District Judge


Pratter, J.


The resolution of this pending disputed attorneys' fee petition may have an impact upon certain categories of pro se prisoner litigation in this District and the lawyers who answer the pro bono call to take on such litigation on a plaintiff's behalf.

Plaintiff Devere Hall filed a lawsuit against the City of Philadelphia, the Philadelphia Police Department, Police Commissioner Sylvester Johnson, Lt. Joseph McHugh, Sgt. Joseph Galie, Officer Jacob Abrokwa, and Officer Calvin Harrison. Mr. Hall alleged excessive force, malicious prosecution, false arrest and false imprisonment, as well as a number of state law claims arising from his arrest and prosecution following a domestic disturbance. Initially, Mr. Hall filed his complaint pro se. Eventually, after the case had been pending 15 months, private counsel agreed to accept an appointment to serve as Mr. Hall's counsel through this District's program to facilitate the representation of pro se litigants in such cases.*fn1

After Mr. Hall agreed to the dismissal of a number of the original defendants, the case proceeded to trial against Sgt. Galie, Officer Abrokwa and Officer Harrison in July 2008. After three days of trial, the jury found in favor of Mr. Hall and against only Sgt. Galie on a single count of unlawful seizure and false imprisonment and awarded $5,100.00 in damages. The Court entered judgment in accordance with the jury's verdict, including judgment in favor of the Defendants on the three causes of action and in favor of Officers Abrokwa and Harrison in all respects.

Following the trial, Mr. Hall's lawyers filed a Motion for Attorneys' Fees and Costs (Doc. No. 100) seeking payment of $179, 709.00 in fees and $3,191.80 in costs. The defense opposes that computation and claims, alternatively, that there is a statutory cap on fees recoverable in this litigation as described infra, or, if there is no such cap, then opposing counsel's fees should be awarded for no greater than $6,757.20 plus $320.00 in costs because of unnecessary or unsuccessful services.

For the reasons set forth below, the Court will grant the motion in part and deny it in part, awarding Plaintiff's counsel fees in the amount of $66,696.74 and costs in the amount of $3,191.80.


At the trial of this case, the jury received evidence of the following: After Mr. Hall and his then girlfriend, Rochelle Harrison, had an argument in the early hours of April 5, 2003, Ms. Harrison called 911 at approximately 3:28 a.m. Philadelphia police officers responded to their home, but left without making an arrest. Roughly four hours later, at approximately 7:23 a.m., Ms. Harrison called 911 again. Officers Abrokwa and Harrison responded to the house at 7:53 a.m. They found Mr. Hall sitting in a lawn chair on the sidewalk in front of the house. The officers were uncertain what to do next, so they radioed a request for a police supervisor to come to the site. However, after speaking separately with Mr. Hall and Ms. Harrison, the officers cancelled their request for a supervisor and left the premises.

Meanwhile, Sgt. Galie reported for work on April 5 between 7:00 a.m. and 7:30 a.m. He spoke with the prior shift supervisor and learned about the on-going problems at Mr. Hall and Ms. Harrison's house. Apparently in response to the call from Officers Abrokwa and Harrison (and before the officers cancelled the request for a supervisor), Sgt. Galie headed to the house.

He arrived after the other officers had departed. He walked past Mr. Hall, who was still sitting in a lawn chair on the sidewalk, and spoke with Ms. Harrison, who was inside the house. Sgt. Galie testified that Ms. Harrison told him that Mr. Hall had threatened her. Sgt. Galie then spoke with Mr. Hall who, Sgt. Galie maintained, said to him that the police could not protect Ms. Harrison all the time and that after the police left he intended to kick in the door and injure Ms. Harrison and her family. Sgt. Galie contacted police dispatch and requested that Officers Abrokwa and Harrison return to the house. When the officers got back to the home, Sgt. Galie instructed them to arrest Mr. Hall for making terroristic threats. During the course of the arrest, Mr. Hall was struck with a baton. Sgt. Galie and Officer Harrison contend that he was resisting arrest, thus requiring the officers to use a certain amount of force to effect the arrest, but Mr. Hall denied that he resisted arrest and alleged that Sgt. Galie beat him severely without cause.

The jury exonerated all the Defendants save Sgt. Galie, whom the jury found liable for unlawful seizure and false imprisonment, and awarded Mr. Hall $5,100.00 in compensatory damages.

During the pendency of the case, the parties engaged in various pre-trial discovery, motion practice and, of course, trial preparation, as well as the trial itself. Some of the specific activities will be addressed below in the context of discussing the fees to be authorized.


Counsel for Plaintiff Devere Hall filed a Motion for Attorneys' Fees and Costs seeking $179,709.00 in attorneys' fees and $3,191.80 in costs. Defendants responded arguing that the fees should be computed from the baseline of no more than $88,800.00 because the petition for fees must be considered pursuant to the Prison Litigation Reform Act ("PLRA").*fn2 Defendants argue that the PLRA applies, along with its hourly rate fee cap, because Mr. Hall filed suit while he was an incarcerated prisoner. They further assert that Plaintiff's attorneys' fees should be reduced to 10% of the capped amount, i.e., to $8,880.00, based on Plaintiff's limited degree of success in the trial. Defendants describe Mr. Hall's limited degree of success by pointing out that Mr. Hall went to trial with four causes of action against three defendants, or, in other words, a nominally possible 12 claims, of which he succeeded on one. Defendants also note that the amount of damages actually awarded was modest.

Plaintiff argues in response that the PLRA does not apply because Mr. Hall's suit involved only civil rights violations that occurred prior to his incarceration, not claims related to prison conditions, which the PLRA was created to address. In a second reply brief, Defendants counter that even if the PLRA cap does not apply to this case, Plaintiff's counsel are entitled to no more than $7,077.20 in fees and costs because counsel's bills should be based on lower per-hour rates, because counsel inadequately documented billed hours, because of the unreasonableness of counsel's billed hours, and, finally, again because of what the Defendants describe as Plaintiff's very limited success in this litigation.

A. Legal Standard

The award of costs and reasonable attorneys' fees in lawsuits brought under the Civil Rights Act is authorized by 42 U.S.C. §1988. Where a plaintiff is a "prevailing party," "it is well settled that [the] plaintiff should recover an award of attorney's fees absent special circumstances." Truesdale v. Philadelphia Housing Auth., 290 F.3d 159, 163 (3d Cir. 2002) (quoting County of Morris v. Nationalist Movement, 273 F.3d 527, 535 (3d Cir. 2001)). In this case, Defendants concede that Mr. Hall was a "prevailing party," although a very limited "prevailing party," when one compares his successful cause of action to the list of claims he made, compares the very modest damages awarded with the demands, and acknowledges that most of the Defendants were exonerated. Therefore, the City and Sgt. Galie argue that Plaintiff is entitled only to a limited amount of attorneys' fees.

B. Applicability of the PLRA

Before evaluating the reasonableness of the hours billed by counsel or the degree of success in the litigation as it affects any attorneys' fees, the Court must determine whether the PLRA and its hourly rate fee cap apply at all to this case.

Much confusion about the scope of the PLRA's application stems from inconsistent and, arguably, unclear phrasing in and structure of the Act itself, at least as to the issue at hand. Stated simply, the issue is whether the Act applies (1) to all civil rights litigation brought by anyone who is in prison when suit is commences, or (2) only to litigation that concerns conditions in or events that transpired in the prison. The first section of the Act places specific limitations on prisoners who file lawsuits concerning prison conditions.*fn3 However, not all of the subsequent sections of the Act repeat the limiting "prison conditions" language. See 42 U.S.C. § 1997e. Some courts assume that the limits from the first section, i.e., the "prison conditions" subject matter of the action, must be read into each of the subsequent sections of the Act. See, e.g., Robbins v. Chronister, 402 F.3d 1047 (10th Cir. 2005). Other courts consider the language of each section of the statute independently, i.e., without the de facto "prison conditions" proviso. See, e.g., Jackson v. State Board of Pardons and Paroles, 331 F.3d 790 (11th Cir. 2003).

The statutory language at issue for the Court's consideration in the present dispute comes from the section of the Act limiting attorneys' fees:

In any action brought by a prisoner who is confined to any jail, prison, or other correctional facility, in which attorney's fees are authorized under section 2 of the Revised Statutes of the United States (42 U.S.C. 1988), such fees shall not be awarded, except to the extent that....

42 U.S.C. § 1997e(d). This section does not expressly limit its applicability only to cases challenging prison conditions. However, if the limiting language from 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a) is understood to apply to all subsequent sections of the PLRA, then 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(d) would fix PLRA limits on attorneys' fees only in cases "brought with respect to prison conditions."

The Third Circuit Court of Appeals has not directly addressed whether PLRA limits on attorneys' fees apply to any civil rights case of any sort filed by an incarcerated person or apply only to cases expressly challenging "prison conditions." Some arguably instructive case law suggests that the Third Circuit Court of Appeals would not limit PLRA application only to cases filed by prisoners challenging prison conditions, but other cases suggest that our appellate court also would not accept blanket application of PLRA limits on attorneys' fees to all civil rights cases filed by incarcerated persons.

For example, in considering whether the PLRA filing fee payment provision applied to a plaintiff who filed a lawsuit four days prior to his release, our court of appeals noted that "[c]courts have recognized that 'if a litigant is a prisoner on the day he files a civil action, the PLRA applies.'" Drayer v. Attorney Gen. of Delaware, 81 F. App'x 429, 431 (3d Cir. 2003) (non-precedential) (quoting In re Smith, 114 F.3d 1247, 1251 (D.C. Cir. 1997)*fn4 ). Accordingly, in Drayer, the court held that the plaintiff in that case could not escape paying the filing fees required under the PLRA merely because he had been released from prison prior to paying the fees. Id. See also, Robbins v. Switzer, 104 F.3d 895, (7th Cir. 1997) (same) ("His current status does not alter the fact that he was a prisoner when he first filed the appeals.") However, upon close analysis of the defendants named in Drayer, it appears that the plaintiff sued because of some condition related to his incarceration.*fn5 Thus, Drayer does not appear to provide unshakeable justification for applying the PLRA fee cap to Mr. Hall's case, given that Mr. Hall's claims all involved allegations of civil rights violations that occurred before his incarceration and had nothing to do with prison conditions at all.

Another Third Circuit Court of Appeals case, Santana v. United States, 98 F.3d 752 (3d Cir. 1996), sheds some additional light on a potentially related or instructive issue. In Santana, the appellate court held that PLRA filing fee payment requirements do not apply to in forma pauperis habeas corpus petitions and appeals. Id. at 753.*fn6 The court observed that the meaning of the phrase "civil action" as used in the PLRA is not plain. See id. at 754. Considering the potential for confusion, the court warned:

Although we do not suggest that the only civil actions to which the PLRA applies are prisoners' suits seeking relief from prison conditions, we agree with the Second Circuit that, where a claim is not analogous to such a suit, the PLRA should be applied with caution.

Id. at 756 (citing Reyes v. Keane, 90 F.3d 676 (2d Cir. 1996)*fn7 (holding that the PLRA does not apply to petitions for a writ of habeas corpus)).

The only case in this Circuit in which the plaintiff was not directly challenging prison conditions, but where the court applied § 1997(e)(d) to cap attorneys' fees, is Hopper v. Rinaldi, 2008 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 15641 (D.N.J. February 28, 2008). The plaintiff, while incarcerated, filed a § 1983 claim alleging that prior to his incarceration he had been unlawfully arrested by police officers acting outside their geographical jurisdiction. Considering a motion to dismiss, the court in Hopper followed the standard of review required under PLRA without explanation of why the Act should apply to a case involving allegations of pre-incarceration civil rights violations. Id. at 3. Because the court did not explain why it was applying the PLRA, the case does not provide assistance by way of discourse on the contested issue at hand other than to reflect that at least one court in this circuit applied portions of the PLRA broadly.

The issue is thorny enough to seek guidance from additional sources. Therefore, the Court will look to other circuits for potential guidance. The Tenth and Eleventh Circuits Courts of Appeals have issued conflicting opinions as to the reach of PLRA limitations on attorneys' fees. See Jackson, 331 F.3d 790; Robbins, 402 F.3d 1047.

In Jackson, the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals considered whether the PLRA limited attorneys' fees sought in a prisoner's lawsuit regarding the length of his incarceration. The plaintiff contended "that § 1997(e)(d) [was] not applicable to his motion for attorney's fees, because his § 1983 action challenged the length of his confinement and not 'prison conditions' within the meaning of § 1997(e)(a)." 331 F.3d at 794. The defendant had argued "that because [the plaintiff's] § 1983 action was 'brought by a prisoner,' § 1997(e)(d) [was] applicable to his motion for attorney's fees." Id.

The appellate court considered the meaning of § 1997(e)(d) without addressing the other sections of the PLRA, namely § 1997(e)(a), for additional clarification. The court considered the plain meaning of the statutory phrase "any action brought by a prisoner" from the text of § 1997(e)(d), and concluded that "any means all." 331 F.3d at 785 (citation omitted). The appellate court noted that Congress had included the term "prison conditions" in three of the subsections of § 1997(e), see § 1997(e)(a), (c)(1), (f)(1), but did not include the term in other subsections of the PLRA. See § 1997(e)(d)(1), (e), (g), (h). "Clearly, Congress knew how to specify 'prison conditions' and purposefully chose where to do so and where not to do so." 331 F.3d at 796 n.10. Because § 1997(e)(d) did not include the limiting term "prison conditions," the appellate court determined that it did not need to consider whether or not a case challenging the length of a prisoner's incarceration involved "prison conditions." Accordingly, the court held that "§ 1997(e)(d)'s phrase 'any action brought by a prisoner' means all lawsuits that are filed by a prisoner and is not restricted to lawsuits challenging 'prison conditions' that are filed by a prisoner." 331 F.3d at 796. However, by conducting a plain meaning analysis of only one section of the PLRA, the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals implicitly determined that there was no need to consider the limitations included in other sections of the PLRA or the legislative history of the Act.

In contrast, in a suit brought by a prisoner alleging pre-incarceration civil rights violations, a situation analogous to the one at hand, the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that the PLRA limitations on attorneys fees do not apply to litigation concerning such claims. Robbins, 402 F.3d 1047. To reach this conclusion, the Robbins court applied the Supreme Court's "absurdity exception" to the plain language rule of statutory construction. The court began its analysis by observing that the plain language of § 1997(e)(d) applies a fees cap any time a prisoner brings a civil rights action and is awarded attorneys' fees pursuant to § 1988. The appellate court recognized that when "the language of a statute is clear in its application, the general rule is that we are bound by it." Robbins, 402 F.3d at 1050. However, "where applying the plain language 'would produce an absurd and unjust result which Congress could not have intended,' we need not apply the language in such a fashion." Id. (quoting Griffin v. Oceanic Contractors, Inc., 458 U.S. 564, 574 (1982)). Further, the "Supreme Court has cautioned against construing a statute literally where the clause in question was added on the Senate floor and the legislative history gave no indication that Congress intended the broad reading the plain language would indicate." Id. at 1052.

Apparently anticipating the appropriateness of invoking one or more justifications for eschewing the "plain language" of the PLRA, the Robbins court looked to the legislative history of the PLRA. The court concluded that with the PLRA Congress intended to "curb frivolous lawsuits brought by prisoners relating to the conditions and circumstances of their incarceration." Robbins, 402 F.3d at 1051. Recognizing that there is a "paucity of information available in the PLRA's legislative history," the court nonetheless cited a number of excerpts from the Congressional Record that recounted that the purpose of the Act was to control prison conditions litigation, not "any and all" litigation filed by incarcerated persons. Id. at 1052, 1054. See, e.g., 141 Cong. Rec. S14408-01, *S14418 (daily ed. Sept. 27, 2995 (statement of Sen. Hatch) ("Our legislation will also help restore balance to prison conditions litigation and will ensure that Federal court orders are limited to remedying actual violations of prisoners' rights...."); 141 Cong. Rec. S14408-01, S14418 (daily ed. Sept. 27, 1995) (statements of Sens. Hatch and Kyl) (discussing different types of prison conditions cases). Accordingly, the appellate court in Robbins held that "[c]onstitutional claims arising before the events causing the plaintiff's incarceration are unrelated to prison confinement. Nor does a pre-existing constitutional claim fall into the category of 'frivolous prisoner litigation' that Congress was trying to discourage by its passage of the PLRA." Robbins, 402 F.3d at 1053 (emphasis in original). The court held that it would be absurd to apply PLRA attorneys' fees limitations to the plaintiff's suit for preincarceration civil rights violations merely because the plaintiff was incarcerated at the time he filed his suit. Id. at 1054-55. Stated differently, there is nothing in the statute itself, in the available legislative history (for those who would find that source instructive) or in the caselaw that persuades this Court that Congress intended to hang the PLRA on the plaintiff's temporal status at a single moment in time that can change with the calendar, various reporting dates for the commencement of incarceration, or Bureau of Prisons policy for early release, as distinguished from a focus on the substantive issues.

Although Robbins provides persuasive authority for refusing to apply PLRA limitations to attorneys' fees in cases asserting pre-incarceration civil rights abuses, Third Circuit Court of Appeals caselaw provides an additional means for reaching the same conclusion via "the whole act rule." In a case to consider whether an attorney who successfully represented a prisoner in a civil rights action was entitled under the PLRA to fees for the time spent preparing a fee petition ("fees on fees") even though such fees are not explicitly provided for under the Act, the Third Circuit Court of Appeals applied the "whole act rule." Hernandez v. Kalinowski, 146 F.3d 196 (3d Cir. 1998). "The whole act rule directs that 'when interpreting a statute, the court will not look merely to a particular clause in which general words may be used, but will take in connection with it the whole statute (or statutes on the same subject) and the objects and policy of the law, as indicated by its various provisions, and give to it such a construction as will carry into execution the will of the Legislature....'" Id. at 200 (quoting Kokoszka v. Belford, 417 U.S. 642, 650 (1974); Brown v. Duchesne, 60 U.S. 183, 194 (1857)). The court then noted that the purpose of the PLRA was to deter frivolous prisoner litigation, but that the plaintiff in Hernandez had prevailed in his action, thus, demonstrating that it was not frivolous. "The result established that the prisoner's complaint had substantial merit. Nothing in the legislative history suggests that Congress intended to deter meritorious claims. Thus, an interpretation allowing 'fees on fees' for meritorious claims serves Congress' intent." Hernandez, 146 F.3d at 200.

Relying on the whole act rule to decide Mr Hall's lawyers' fee petition, this Court concludes that PLRA limitations on attorney's fees do not apply to actions based exclusively upon pre-incarceration civil rights violations. The first section of the Act specifies that it applies only to cases "brought with respect to prison conditions." 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a). Although the attorneys' fees provision of the Act does not repeat the prison conditions limitation, under the whole act rule, the Court must consider each clause in connection with the whole statute. Because the PLRA opens with a specific prison conditions limitation on the scope of its applicability, reading this limitation into the rest of the Act is both reasonable and appropriate,*fn8 inasmuch as there is no indication to the contrary. Accordingly, the PLRA fee cap limitations will not be applied to the attorneys' fees sought in this case.

C. Computation of Attorneys' Fees

The inapplicability of the PLRA fee cap does not mean that Mr. Hall's lawyers will necessarily recover all the fees they seek, and the Court's determination to look beyond the Act does not end the analysis. Indeed, the Defendants argued in the alternative that opposing counsel's fees were unreasonable and excessive even if not subject to the PLRA cap.

Even though as a prevailing party Mr. Hall is entitled to recover attorneys' fees and costs, as the party seeking fees, Mr. Hall has the burden to prove the reasonableness of the claims by submitting evidence supporting the hours worked and the rates claimed. Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424, 433 (1983); Rode v. Dellarciprete, 892 F.2d 1177, 1183 (3d Cir. 1990). The presiding district court has considerable discretion when evaluating the fee petition and its component parts. Bell v. United Princeton Properties, Inc., 884 F.2d 713, 721 (3d Cir. 1989).

One facet of exercising that discretion is to incorporate meaningful consideration of Plaintiff's "degree of success." At times, fees can and should be computed only for or as to successful claims or successful work. Rode, 892 F.2d at 1183, 1186; Younger v. City of Philadelphia, 1990 WL 87378, at *3 n.7 (E.D. Pa. June 19, 1990). However, given the vagaries of virtually all litigation generally, and civil rights litigation in particular, those instances may be few and far between. Indeed, the Court must observe that, while not unique or alone in the annals of "pro se prisoner" litigation, Mr. Hall's success in any regard puts his case in the distinct minority of results for such cases. This case, with its basic fact pattern relating to each of the causes of action and implicating in some, albeit decidedly varying, degrees all of the Defendants, is a good example of why that is so. The Court does not consider this case to be an appropriate one for demanding that counsel either (1) convincingly shoehorn their time into descriptions of services that related only to the successful claim and/or to the single culpable Defendant or (2) surgically remove time and services from activities that came to nought in the jury's view. That is not to say, however, that the results obtained should not be a part of the basis for the Court's exercise of discretion. Hensley, 416 U.S. at 433-435. Therefore, while the Court is not inclined to woodenly apply a formulaic ratio based upon the numbers of causes of action and the numbers of defendants or the verdict amount, the Court concludes, particularly where, as here, a verdict cannot be described as a "resounding success," that it is appropriate to take the jury's verdict and damage award into account. Washington v. Philadelphia County Court of Common Pleas, 89 F.3d 1031, 1041-42 (3d Cir. 1996).

As the Court moves to consider the question of a reasonable fee award, it is useful to delineate certain preliminary principles that are appropriate in this case. First, the Court notes that one of the defense challenges to the fee petition is based on upon the fact that Mr. Hall could have accepted a pre-trial settlement that was considerably in excess of the damages ultimately awarded, but he did not do so. However, in the Court's view, a litigant's settlement decision is just that, the litigant's. Counsel's job is to inform the client about the pros and cons of a proposal and, absent extraordinary or special arrangements or issues not present here, counsel's fees should not be part of the settlement equation or necessarily rise and fall with the client's choices. In the absence of any suggestion or concern that counsel neglected to do their duty with respect to communicating with Mr. Hall about settlement proposals,*fn9 it would be improper and inequitable to penalize counsel via the fee petition for their client's election not to accept Defendants' settlement proposal.

Second, by arguing for significant reductions in the fee award, Defendants implicitly suggest that Mr. Hall's counsel either overstaffed or failed to guard against inefficiencies in handling the case. To be sure, recovery is inappropriate for excessive or redundant fees. Holmes v. Millcreek Township School District, 205 F.3d 583, 595 (3d Cir. 2000). This is also an important consideration where, as here, the payment of the fees has implication for the public weal. The Court shares the concern that fee petition awards in any cases should not encourage either overstaffing or other inefficiencies. However, it is not realistic to expect lawyers taking on prisoner civil rights cases in addition to their other work and obligations to "go it alone" or on a significantly leaner basis than other similar litigation. These competing concerns must be balanced in evaluating this fee petition.

The third preliminary principle that the Court is employing to determine a reasonable fee award in this case is to observe that the Court should be no less rigorous than a client would be in negotiating the fee terms of a professional engagement, recognizing that a client and counsel have the opportunity to confer with each other about fees and time to be expended before, during and after an engagement, while the Court takes up this issue only after the fact.

With all of the foregoing informing the Court's review of Mr. Hall's counsel's fee petition and after closely reviewing the time records submitted with the pending Motion, the Court declines to permit fee recovery for

* 2.2 hours recorded by Mr. Kircher, who appeared to have performed no substantive services in the litigation;

* 8 hours recorded by Mr. Walker for attending two depositions of two of the officer defendants on September 25, 2007 because (1) only Mr. Walker's colleague, Mr. Tarbutton, handled the depositions on behalf of Mr. Hall, (2) Mr. Walker had no substantive role in taking the discovery that day, and (3) both depositions that day took less than 4 hours altogether;

* 4 hours of the 9 hours recorded by Mr. Tarbutton for handling the September 25, 2007 depositions;

* 59 hours of the 79 hours recorded between July 6, 2007 and September 24, 2007 by Mr. Tarbutton for preparing for the two depositions that, together, lasted under 4 hours on September 25, 2007;

* 20 hours of the 79 hours recorded by Mr. Walker for trial preparation;*fn10

* 48 hours of the 229 hours recorded by Mr. Tarbutton for trial preparation;*fn11

* 1.5 hours recorded by Mr. Walker for November 10, 2007 for which there is no description of services;

* 10 hours of the 20 hours recorded by Mr. Tarbutton on December 14 and 16, 2007 described as preparing for a conference with the Court which would not have been so onerous as to demand so much preparation and which itself was a fraction of that time.

Therefore, the Court will accept for consideration the following time recorded by the following professionals and paraprofessionals:

Time Allowed Claimed Rate

Mr. Walker 168.8 $325/hour

Mr. Tarbutton 268.5 $275/hour

Mr. Luccaro 2 $270/hour

Ms. Causland .3 $110/hour

Ms. Grant 35.5 $116.14/hour

The re-figured fee petition at counsel's customary rates*fn12 for the allowed time amounts to $133,393.47.

After weighing and balancing all of the matters discussed above, including the propriety of including an overall degree of success factor and recognizing that a number of key events in the litigation, most especially Mr. Hall's own deposition, occurred while Mr. Hall was proceeding pro se,*fn13 the Court concludes that counsel's fee petition should be approved for 50% of the petition, computed on the basis of counsel's customary rates applied to the allowable hours for an aggregate approved fee of $66,696.74.*fn14 Payment of costs in full, namely, $3,191.80, will be approved.

An Order consistent with this Memorandum follows.

AND NOW, this 17th day of March 2009, upon consideration of Plaintiff's counsel's Motion for Attorneys' Fees and Costs (Doc. No. 100), Defendants' Response in Opposition (Doc. No. 103), Plaintiff's counsel's Reply (Doc. No. 104), and Defendants' Reply (Doc. No. 105), IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the Motion is GRANTED IN PART and DENIED IN PART, and the Court awards attorneys' fees in the amount of $66,696.74 and costs in the amount of $3,191.80, for a total award of $69,888.54.

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