IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA
January 30, 2009
DE LAGE LANDEN FINANCIAL SERVICES, INC.
MIRAMAX FILM CORP. AND MWB COPY PRODUCTS, INC.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: McLaughlin, J.
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
On June 2, 2006, De Lage Landen Financial Services, Inc. ("DLL") instituted this action against Miramax Film Corp. ("Miramax"). Miramax subsequently filed third-party claims against MWB Copy Products, Inc. ("MWB"). DLL then brought additional claims against MWB. On September 23, 2008, this Court issued a Memorandum and Order, in which it ruled on the parties' various claims against one another. See De Lage Landen Fin. Servs. v. Miramax Film Corp., No. 06-2319, 2008 WL 4348074 (E.D. Pa. Sept. 23, 2008). The Court found in favor of Miramax on all of DLL's claims against it, on its declaratory judgment claims against DLL and MWB, and on its fraud claim against MWB. The Court also found for DLL on DLL's breach of contract and breach of warranty claims against MWB, but against DLL on its fraud claim against MWB.
On November 18, 2008, DLL and MWB submitted a joint stipulation to the Court, in which they stated that they had entered a confidential agreement under which MWB had purchased any and all rights that DLL might have against Miramax in this action. Thus, in the event of any further action in this case, MWB would represent not only its own interest, but also any remaining interest of DLL.
On December 15, 2009, MWB filed a Motion for Substitution as Plaintiff pursuant to Rule 25 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. In its motion, MWB asked that it be allowed to replace DLL as the plaintiff in this action, in light of DLL's and MWB's joint stipulation. Because MWB has not shown that the substitution it requests would facilitate the conduct of this case, the Court will deny its motion.
Rule 25 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides that "[i]f an interest [in a case] is transferred, the action may be continued by or against the original party unless the court, on motion, orders the transferee to be substituted in the action or joined with the original party." Fed. R. Civ. P. 25(c). This Rule does not alter the substantive rights of the parties, but rather, is "merely a procedural device designed to facilitate the conduct of a case." Luxliner P.L. Export, Co. v. RDI/Luxliner, Inc., 13 F.3d 69, 71-72 (3d Cir. 1993).
The decision whether to make a substitution pursuant to Rule 25 lies within the discretion of the district court. Id. at 72. By its very terms, Rule 25 does not require substitution upon a transfer of interest. Id. at 71; see also Natural Res. Def. Council, Inc. v. Texaco Ref. & Mktg., Inc., 2 F.3d 493, 506 (3d Cir. 1993) (quoting 7C C. Wright, A. Miller & M. Kane, Federal Practice and Procedure § 1958, at 555 (2d ed. 1986)). Instead, a substitution under Rule 25 is appropriate when a district court, in the exercise of its discretion, finds that such substitution would facilitate the conduct of a case. Luxliner, 13 F.3d at 71-72. If the court does not make such a finding, Rule 25 allows the case to be continued against the original party, and any judgment will be binding on the successor in interest, even if the successor is not named in the lawsuit. Id. at 71.*fn1
MWB and DLL have filed a joint stipulation with the Court, which states that "[n]otwithstanding the conclusions set forth in the [Court's September 23, 2008] Order, to avoid the significant costs associated with further litigation and appeals, the Parties have entered into a confidential agreement by which MWB has purchased any and all rights DLL may have against Miramax in this action." See Docket No. 95 ¶ 2. Even assuming that the agreement between MWB and DLL validly transfers all of DLL's interest in this case to MWB, Rule 25 does not obligate the Court to make the substitution requested, especially where, as here, MWB has not shown how such a substitution would facilitate the conduct of this case.
For example, it is not the case here, as it was in Luxliner, that the Court must consider whether the presence of some additional nonparty would expedite the proceedings. See Luxliner, 13 F.3d at 71. Rather, as Miramax points out, no new parties are introduced by MWB's motion. Miramax Opp. 4. Nor would substitution avoid the need for any party to refile old claims or to file any new ones, especially at this stage of the proceedings, where the Court has already ruled on the parties' claims against one another. Moreover, DLL and MWB are separate legal entities, and in fact were adversaries in these proceedings before the filing of their joint stipulation. To the extent that either MWB or DLL might fail to comply with the terms of the confidential agreement between them, thus potentially interfering with MWB's representation of DLL's interest in this case, additional proceedings might be required to reintroduce DLL as a party to the case, should DLL's appearance become necessary.
If, on the other hand, MWB and DLL do abide by the terms of their agreement, and MWB effectively assumes DLL's interest in this case as its successor in interest, Rule 25 still permits the case to be continued with DLL as a party, and any future judgment issued against DLL would be binding on MWB in any event.*fn2 At this time, however, the Court sees no advantage to the conduct of this case offered by the substitution MWB has suggested. MWB's motion is therefore denied.
An appropriate Order follows.
AND NOW, this 30th day of January, 2009, upon consideration of the Motion for Substitution as Plaintiff filed by MWB Copy Products, Inc. (Docket No. 100), and the opposition thereto filed by Miramax Film Corp. (Docket No. 101),
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that said motion is DENIED, for the reasons stated in the accompanying memorandum of law dated January 30, 2009.
MARY A. McLAUGHLIN, J.