The opinion of the court was delivered by: Judge Leavitt
Argued: November 11, 2008
BEFORE: HONORABLE DORIS A. SMITH-RIBNER, Judge HONORABLE MARY HANNAH LEAVITT, Judge HONORABLE JIM FLAHERTY, Senior Judge
Sharon P. Pfister and Robert L. Pfister appeal an order of the Court of Common Pleas of the First Judicial District of Pennsylvania (trial court) entering judgment in favor of the City of Philadelphia and Tyrone Winkler because the Pfisters' complaint was found not to have been served in time to toll the two-year statute of limitations for tort claims. Concluding that the trial court could not make this factual determination in the context of a motion for judgment on the pleadings, we reverse and remand.
On January 11, 2006, the Pfisters filed a complaint seeking damages from the City of Philadelphia and one of its police officers, Tyrone Winkler, (collectively, City) for injuries caused by the City's alleged negligence. The complaint alleged that Sharon Pfister was struck on January 20, 2004, by a police car operated by Winkler at the intersection of 12th and Race Streets in the City of Philadelphia as she was crossing Race Street. It further alleged that Ms. Pfister suffered a sprained right ankle, a fractured left tibia, a fractured right patella and an exacerbation of a pre-existing arthritic condition. Finally, the complaint alleged that Robert Pfister suffered a loss of consortium as a result of his wife's injuries. On March 22, 2006, the complaint was reinstated.*fn1
On April 10, 2006, the City filed preliminary objections to the complaint, asserting, inter alia, that the action was barred by the statute of limitations. The City asserted that it had not received any pre-complaint notice of the Pfisters' claim and that the reinstated complaint of March 22, 2006, was served outside the statute of limitations. Specifically, the City asserted that the Pfisters had not attempted in good faith to serve the City and Winkler within thirty days of the filing of the complaint. The City did not frame its preliminary objection as an objection to service, and it did not endorse its preliminary objections with a notice to plead.*fn2
The Pfisters filed a written, verified response to these preliminary objections. Their response argued that the City's preliminary objections were improper under the Pennsylvania Rules of Civil Procedure and that the complaint had been "personally delivered" to the City's Law Department, Claims Unit on the day the complaint was filed. Pfisters' Response, ¶¶4,7; Reproduced Record at 14a. (R.R.___). The response also stated that a "true and correct copy of [Pfisters'] counsel's Affidavit of Service which has been or will be filed is attached hereto as Exhibit 'A.'" Id. at ¶4; R.R. 14a.*fn3
The trial court overruled the City's preliminary objections, explaining that the "defense of the bar of a . statute of limitations can be asserted only in a responsive pleading as new matter.." PA.R.C.P. No. 1028 (note). On May 16, 2006, the City filed an answer and new matter asserting that the Pfisters' claim was barred by: (1) the applicable statute of limitations; (2) the act known as the Political Subdivision Tort Claims Act; and (3) the Pfisters' failure to provide the pre-complaint notice required under 42 Pa. C.S. §5522.*fn4
On June 29, 2006, the City filed a motion for judgment on the pleadings. No response was filed by the Pfisters, and on August 1, 2006, the trial court granted the City's unopposed motion for judgment on the pleadings. Upon receipt of the trial court's order, the Pfisters appealed.*fn5 They also filed a motion to set aside judgment, asserting that they had not been served with the City's motion for judgment on the pleadings. Noting that the City had not attached a certificate of service on its motion for judgment on the pleadings, the trial court issued an opinion requesting that the Commonwealth Court remand the matter to it. On June 6, 2007, this Court remanded the matter to the trial court. On remand, the trial court granted the Pfisters' motion to set aside judgment on the pleadings; vacated its August 1, 2006, order; and directed the Pfisters to respond to the City's motion for judgment on the pleadings.
On July 27, 2007, the Pfisters filed an answer and response to the City's motion for judgment on the pleadings. Attached to the answer was a January 16, 2006, affidavit of service. The affidavit stated that on January 11, 2006, Pfisters' counsel "personally deliver[ed] to the Claims Unit, City of Philadelphia Law Department, 1515 Arch Street, 14th Floor, two true and correct copies" of the Pfisters' complaint. R.R. 102a. Also attached to their answer was a copy of a letter dated January 12, 2006, addressed to the City Law Department -- Claims Unit on the 15th Floor of 1515 Arch Street, wherein Pfisters' counsel averred that he had "personally delivered" to the City's office, true and correct copies of the Pfisters' complaint on January 11, 2006. R.R. 103a.*fn6
The trial court directed the parties to file briefs on the question of whether the complaint had been timely served. Specifically, the trial court's briefing order stated as follows:
Whether service of the Complaint by Plaintiff's attorney on January 11, 2006, evidenced by supporting Affidavit executed on January 16, 2006, satisfies Pa. R.C.P. 400 et seq., for purposes of service of original process. The parties are to specifically address Rule 405(e) and the fact that the above return of service was not filed with the Prothonotary and whether the failure to file same requires a finding that service of the Complaint was not perfected within the two (2) year statute of limitations.
Certified Record at entry No. 23. After reviewing the parties' submissions, the trial court entered an order that: (1) struck the affidavit of service filed July 27, 2007, as not timely docketed; (2) struck the purported service of January 16, 2006, that was the subject of the July 27, 2007, affidavit; and (3) found that service of the Pfisters complaint did not take place until March 24, 2006. Relying upon the docket to make these findings, the trial court granted the City's motion for judgment on the pleadings.
On appeal,*fn7 the Pfisters assert that the trial court erred. They contend that in a motion for judgment on the pleadings, the trial court was required to accept as true the Pfisters' allegation that actual service of the complaint was effected on January 11, 2006.*fn8 Alternatively, they argue that the trial court was required to conduct an ...