IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA
December 15, 2008
LEHIGH COUNTY DISTRICT ATTORNEY'S OFFICE, ET AL.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Bartle, C.J.
Before the court is the motion of defendants for summary judgment.
Plaintiff George Ross, acting pro se, has sued defendants for damages and injunctive relief under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. While his complaint is not a model of clarity, he claims, among other things, that his civil rights were violated "through continuous, deliberate and knowing refusal to release the biological evidence for DNA testing that would exonerate plaintiff" in connection with his two rape convictions in 1979 in the Court of Common Pleas of Lehigh County, Pennsylvania. He also claims that he should have been granted a severance for his two rape charges and that "an identification statement" should have been suppressed.
Plaintiff's convictions were upheld on appeal long ago, and he has been denied relief under the Pennsylvania Post Conviction Relief Act, 42 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. §§ 9541-46, as well as under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 in this court. See Ross v. Vaughn, Civ. A. No. 00-4902, 2001 WL 818359 (E.D. Pa. Jul. 16, 2001).
Defendants contend they are entitled to summary judgment under Heck v. Humphrey, 512 U.S. 477 (1994). There the Supreme Court held that a state prisoner cannot challenge the constitutionality of his conviction through an action under § 1983. The Court explained that a party cannot maintain a civil rights action if "a judgment in favor of the plaintiff would necessarily imply the invalidity of his conviction or sentence ... unless the plaintiff can demonstrate that the conviction or sentence has already been invalidated." Id. at 487. Thus, until a prisoner's state court conviction has been reversed, expunged or invalidated or habeas corpus relief has been granted, he has no cause of action under § 1983.
Here, plaintiff seeks damages in the event that the government has destroyed the DNA evidence and medical records at issue. Any award of money damages for destruction of evidence, however, would necessarily imply the invalidity of plaintiff's convictions. It is undisputed that those convictions have not been invalidated. Plaintiff's claim for damages is therefore barred by Heck. See Penley v. Collin County, Texas, 446 F.3d 572, 573 (2006).
In any event, plaintiff's claims, to the extent that Heck does not preclude them, are barred by the two-year statute of limitations for § 1983 actions brought in a federal forum in Pennsylvania. 42 U.S.C. § 1988; Owens v. Okure, 488 U.S. 235, 239-40 (1989). The Complaint was filed on June 8, 2007. Plaintiff's claim for production of DNA evidence under the federal constitution arose no later than 2001, when federal courts first recognized that right. See, e.g., Godschalk v. Montgomery County Dist. Attorney's Office, 177 F. Supp. 2d 366, 370 (2001). Plaintiff's other claims, in which he alleges trial-court error and seeks production of medical records, arose many years earlier. See Ross v. Vaughn, 2001 WL 818359, at *1.
Defendants pursue additional arguments in support of their motion for summary judgment. However, in light of the above analysis, we need not reach these arguments.
Accordingly, we will grant the motion of defendants for summary judgment.
AND NOW, this 15th day of December, 2008, it is hereby ORDERED that:
(1) the motion for summary judgment of defendants Lehigh County District Attorney's Office, James B. Martin, District Attorney, Adra Renee Smith, Assistant District Attorney, defendant's predecessors and successors individually and in their official capacity is GRANTED; and
(2) judgment is entered in favor of defendants Lehigh County District Attorney's Office, James B. Martin, District Attorney, Adra Renee Smith, Assistant District Attorney, defendant's predecessors and successors individually and in their official capacity and against plaintiff George Ross.
Harvey Bartle III C.J.
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