The opinion of the court was delivered by: Judge Vanaskie
On October 30, 2006, Plaintiff, Larry Lyle Lasko, an inmate incarcerated at the Schuylkill Federal Correctional Institution in Minersville, Pennsylvania ("FCI-Schuylkill"), filed a Complaint premised upon claims asserted under Bivens,*fn1 the Federal Tort Claims Act ("FTCA"), 28 U.S.C. § 2671, et seq., and the Americans with Disabilities Act, 42 U.S.C. § 12132, for defendants' alleged mishandling of his Hepatitis C condition, his exposure to contagious diseases from other inmates, the denial of access to the courts, and acts of retaliation for complaining of these alleged wrongdoings.*fn2 Presently before the Court are two motions filed by Plaintiff seeking to add additional claims to his present action: (1) Motion for Joinder of Claims (Dkt. Entry 52); and (2) Second Motion for Joinder of Claims (Dkt. Entry 56). For the reasons that follow, Plaintiff's motions will be denied.
II. Relevant Factual and Procedural Background
On June 6, 2007, defendants filed a motion for summary judgment (Dkt. Entry 18). Following Lasko's September 11, 2007, brief in opposition to defendants' potentially dispositive motion, Plaintiff filed the present motions for joinder of claims.
In his first Motion for Joinder, Lasko seeks to add the following claims which he administratively exhausted (either via the BOP's administrative remedy process and/or the administrative tort claims process) after the initiation of this action: (1) an FTCA Claim related to the denial of appropriate care for his Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus ("MRSA") infection and the discontinuation of his Hepatitis C treatment (See dkt. entry 53 at R. 4);*fn3 and (2) a Bivens and FTCA claim pertaining to this alleged retaliatory transfer to less desirable housing conditions as a result of his refusal to participate in the Financial Responsibility
Program ("FRP") which "kept [him] from litigating a civil claim." (Id. at R. 21.) In his second Motion for Joinder (Dkt. Entry 56), Lasko seeks to add the following claims, which he again concedes were administratively exhausted following the initiation of this action: (1) an FTCA claim related to the lack of "sufficient access to a photocopy machine to conduct [his] legal activities" (Id. at R. 10); and (2) an FTCA claim of denial of proper medical care. (Id. at R. 16).
Lasko filed his motions for joinder after defendants' filed their motion for summary judgment, and a month or more after Lasko filed his response to defendants' motion for summary judgment. Lasko was not diligent in presenting his requests for joinder. To permit Lasko to amend his complaint at this point in the litigation would prejudice defendants. Furthermore, the complaint filed by Lasko asserts claims based on the denial of adequate medical care, denial of access to the courts, and retaliation. His motions for joinder clearly make allegations against other defendants and involve more than one transaction. The actions related to his alleged access to the copy machines occurred as far back as 2006, according to Lasko, and the issues related to his transfer to an unsatisfactory housing unit due to his FRP status did not occur until 2007 and was a decision made by others than the presently named defendants. Rule 18(a) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure only allows a plaintiff to join "either as independent or as alternate claims, as many claims, legal, equitable, or maritime, as the party has against an opposing party." Rule 20 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure only allows the joinder of several parties if the claims arise out of a single transaction and contain a question of fact or law common to all the defendants. By naming multiple defendants and including numerous transactions, Lasko's motions for joinder do not comport with Rule 18 and Rule 20 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Consequently, Lasko's Motions for Joinder will be denied.
An appropriate Order follows.
NOW, this 3rd day of JULY, 2008, for the reasons set forth in the ...