UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA
June 16, 2008
ZOUHEIR SAUL FAKHOURI, PETITIONER
COMMON PLEAS COURT OF PIKE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA DEFENDANT
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Judge McClure
This pro se petition seeking the issuance of a writ of mandamus was initiated by Zouheir Saul Fakhouri ("Petitioner"), a pre-trial detainee presently confined at the Pike County Correctional Facility, Lords Valley, Pennsylvania. The required filing fee has not been paid and the Petition is not accompanied by an application requesting leave to proceed in forma pauperis.*fn1 For the reasons set forth below, Fakhouri will be granted temporary in forma pauperis status for the sole purpose of the filing of this action and his Petition will be dismissed, without prejudice.
Named as Respondent is the Pike County Court of Common Pleas. Petitioner describes himself as being an immigrant from Morocco who has been in this country for twenty (20) years. Fakhouri states that he was arrested by the Pennsylvania State Police on August 8, 2007 based upon information provided by "an unreliable informant" and charged with delivery of controlled or counterfeit substance, possession with intent to deliver a controlled or counterfeit substance and criminal use of a communication facility. Record document no. 1, p. 4.
Due to his inability to post what is alleged as being an excessive bail, Petitioner has been confined since his arrest. See id. His Petition acknowledges a Public Defender has been appointed to represent him with respect to his state criminal prosecution. However, Fakhouri alleges that his attorney has provided him with ineffective assistance, including: misleading him during his preliminary hearing as to the concept of waiving his rights; failing to respond to his correspondence; agreeing to a trial continuance without obtaining Petitioner's permission; and neglecting to subpoena the personnel files of the arresting officers. He further contends that the Commonwealth has intentionally delayed providing discovery responses. As relief, Petitioner seeks dismissal of all charges.
The only federal statute under which a party may seek mandamus relief from a federal court is 28 U.S.C. § 1361. It provides in its entirety:
The district courts shall have original jurisdiction of any action in the nature of mandamus to compel an officer or employee of the United States or any agency thereof to perform a duty owed to the plaintiff.
Since Petitioner is requesting that this Court compel Respondent, a state court, to perform a duty, there is no proper jurisdiction under § 1361 or any other federal statute. Consequently, dismissal of the request for mandamus relief for lack of jurisdiction is appropriate.
Moreover, mandamus is a drastic measure "to be invoked only in extraordinary situations." Stehney v. Perry, 101 F.3d 925, 934 (3d Cir. 1996) (quoting Allied Chem. Corp v. Daiflon, Inc., 449 U.S. 33, 34 (1980)). The Supreme Court in Allied added that a mandamus petitioner has the burden of establishing a clear and indisputable right to relief. Id. at 35. See also Kerr v. United States Dist. Court, 426 U.S. 394, 403 (1976). In Kerr, the court noted that in order to receive mandamus relief, the party seeking it must "have no other adequate means to attain the relief he desires. . . ." Id. Fakhouri does have other means available to him, specifically, he may submit his present his present claims and request for relief to the appropriate Pennsylvania state court.
It is further noted that in Younger v. Harris, 401 U.S. 37 (1981), the United States Supreme Court "held that principles of federalism and comity require district courts to abstain from enjoining pending state criminal proceedings absent extraordinary circumstances." Port Auth. Police Benevolent Assoc., Inc. v. Port Auth. of N.Y. and N.J. Police Dep't., 973 F.2d 169, 173 (3d Cir. 1992). Under Younger, the test for federal court abstention is whether "(1) there are ongoing state proceedings that are judicial in nature; (2) the state proceedings implicate important state interests; and (3) the state proceedings afford an adequate opportunity to raise federal claims." Id.*fn2 Indeed, "[i]n no area of the law is the need for a federal court to stay its hand pending completion of state proceedings more evident than in the case of pending criminal proceedings." Evans v. Court of Common Pleas, 959 F.2d 1227, 1234 (3d Cir. 1992).
Pursuant to the Younger standards , intervention by this Court into the ongoing state criminal prosecution of Fakhouri is not warranted at this juncture. To the extent that there are ongoing state criminal proceedings, abstention is required in this case out of deference to the integrity of the state judicial process. Pursuant to the above discussion, the petition for writ of mandamus will be dismissed without prejudice. An appropriate Order will enter.
JAMES F. McCLURE, JR. United States District Judge
June 16, 2008 In accordance with the accompanying Memorandum, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED THAT:
1. Petitioner is granted temporary leave to proceed in forma pauperis for the sole purpose of filing this action.
2. The petition for writ of mandamus is dismissed without prejudice.
3. The Clerk of Court is directed to close the case.
4. Any appeal from this Order will be deemed frivolous, without probable cause and not taken in good faith.