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United States v. Salko

June 13, 2008


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Chief Judge Kane


Before the Court is Defendant Gregory Salko's motion for an intradistrict transfer pursuant to Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 18. (Doc. No. 32.) In the motion, Salko seeks to transfer the above-captioned case to the Scranton division for further proceedings. For the reasons that follow, his motion will be granted.


On July 18, 2007, a grand jury charged Salko with two counts of health-care fraud in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1347 and seventeen counts of making false statements relating to health-care matters in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1035. (Doc. No. 1.) The indictment specifically charges that Salko, a licensed Pennsylvania physician, defrauded Medicare by billing for medical services that he allegedly never performed on two of his patients, Peggy Rogers and Patient X. (Doc. No. 1, at 4, 11.) Both Rogers and Patient X suffered from breast cancer, and Rogers ultimately died from metastatic breast cancer.

According to the indictment, Salko allegedly "caused employees . . . to electronically submit claims to Medicare representing that [he] had provided medical services to Rogers on [nine] separate occasions [but that he] did not render the medical services he claimed to have provided." (Doc. No. 1, at 4-5.) From these electronically submitted claims, Salko received compensation from Medicare.

Furthermore, it is alleged that Salko attempted to conceal his activities by "caus[ing] employees . . . to prepare false Progress Notes that falsely represented that [he] had performed detailed physical examinations of Rogers," and that "hard copies [of the Progress Notes were] to be placed in Rogers' medical chart" and "electronic versions . . . to be retained in the computer files." (Doc. No. 1, at 5.) Similarly, Salko is alleged to have submitted eight claims to Medicare and created eight false Progress Notes in connection with Patient X.

On August 1, 2007, Salko pleaded not guilty to the indictment (Doc. No. 11), and was released on personal recognizance (Doc. No. 13). Pursuant to a scheduling order issued by the Court, Salko filed numerous motions, among which is Salko's motion to transfer. That motion is before the Court.


In his motion to transfer, Salko correctly concedes that he has no "constitutional right to be tried in the place of his residence." Zicarelli v. Gray, 543 F.2d 466, 479 (3d Cir. 1976). However, Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 18 authorizes the Court to transfer venue, after giving "due regard for the convenience of the defendant and the witnesses, and the prompt administration of justice." Fed. R. Crim. P. 18; United States v. Addonizio, 451 F.2d 49, 61-62 (3d Cir. 1972).

Here, Salko argues that transfer to Scranton is appropriate because he and his family live and work in Scranton and because many of the witnesses are located in Scranton, including all of the employees at his business. In addition, two of the three Government expert witnesses and the personnel at the medical facilities where Rogers and Patient X later received treatment for breast cancer are located in the Scranton area. Salko further argues that the majority of the facts underlying the alleged crime occurred primarily near Scranton and that most of the evidence, including the medical records at issue, are located in Scranton. Finally, Salko indicates that transfer should be granted because his counsel is based in Scranton.

The Government objects to a transfer on the grounds that several of its fact witnesses, including those employees responsible for processing the Medicare claims, and one of its expert witnesses are located near Harrisburg. Furthermore, the Government argues that although Salko submitted his claims from Scranton, the situs of the crime is actually Camp Hill, Pennsylvania,*fn1 where his claims were processed. Finally, the Government argues that holding trial in Harrisburg would be preferable to Scranton because of the possibility that a trial in Scranton might garner unwanted media attention.

After carefully considering the parties' arguments, the Court finds that a transfer of the proceedings to Scranton is appropriate in this case. Based on the circumstances, holding trial in the Scranton division would be substantially more convenient to the defendant and the vast majority of witnesses, including many of the government witnesses. Indeed, the Government has even made the extraordinary request that one of its fact witnesses be permitted to testify by way of videotaped deposition so as to avoid complications in transporting her to Harrisburg. (See Doc. No. 75.) Moreover, given that much of the evidence that would likely need to be introduced is in Scranton, trial there would promote the prompt administration of justice.*fn2

Finally, holding trial in Scranton gives deference to the preference-as expressed in the Local Rules of this Court-of holding trial nearest the residence of ...

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