IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA
May 21, 2008
SAFECO INSURANCE COMPANY OF AMERICA, ET AL, PLAINTIFFS,
A&L, INC., ET AL, DEFENDANTS.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Judge Nora Barry Fischer
This matter is before the Court on Defendant S&T Bank's Motion to Dismiss Sections VIII (Count VI) and IX (Count VII) of Plaintiffs' Amended Complaint Pursuant to F.R.C.P. 12(b)(6) , filed by Defendant S&T Bank on April 7, 2008. On April 28, 2008, Safeco Insurance Company of America, General Insurance Company of America, First National Insurance Company of America, and Safeco National Insurance Company ("Plaintiffs") filed their Brief in Opposition to Defendant S&T Bank's Motion to Dismiss (Docket No. 61).
FACTUAL and PROCEDURAL HISTORY
The Plaintiffs provided surety bonds to Defendant A&L, Inc. (in order to assist A&L in the performance of bonded contracts in its construction business) in a General Agreement of Indemnity for Contractors ("Indemnity Agreement") dated August 8, 1995.*fn1 (See Docket No. 37-2, Exh. A).
Two of said contracts involved the Port Authority of Allegheny County, which resulted in litigation in the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County between A&L and the Port Authority of Allegheny County ("PAAC litigation"). In return for its financial assistance by way of surety bonds, Plaintiffs retained security interests in certain assets of A&L, which coexisted with prior security interests held by Defendant S&T. In light of the coexistence of their security interests, on or about June 13, 2006, Plaintiffs and S&T entered into an "Intercreditor and Mutual Subordination Agreement," in order to govern the use and disposition of certain collateral. (See Docket No. 37-6, Exh. E). In or about the spring of 2007, as it became apparent that A&L could not financially continue in the PAAC litigation and in light of their shared interests in A&L, Plaintiffs and S&T entered into another agreement in which Safeco agreed to prosecute the PAAC litigation "in exchange for a portion of the proceeds thereof being subordinated by S&T in favor of Safeco, which were otherwise prior perfected collateral of S&T," known as the PAAC litigation agreement.*fn2 (Docket No. 37 at ¶25). At some point thereafter, A&L represented that the parties reached a settlement of the PAAC litigation, however, S&T has not allegedly complied with the PAAC litigation agreement. (See Docket No. 37 at ¶61).
On August 8, 2007, Plaintiffs filed a Complaint in federal court against A & L, Inc., GAL Construction, Inc., Bojalad Holdings, Inc., Louis D. Ruscitto, and Carol A. Ruscitto, in which they allege claims for breach of contract, assumpsit, reimbursement, specific performance, and interference with contractual relations arising out of the Indemnity Agreement. On October 3, 2007, after Defendants filed a Motion to Dismiss or in the Alternative, Strike Based on Rule 12(b)(1), 12(b)(6) and 12(b)(7) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, the Plaintiffs filed an Amended Complaint (Docket No. 37), in which they added S&T Bank as a defendant. On October 19, 2007, S&T filed Defendant S&T Bank's Motion for an Extension of Time to File a Response or Motion to Plaintiffs' Amended Complaint and to Make its Mandatory Disclosures Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(a) (Docket. No. 44). On October 22, 2007, the Court granted said motion, giving S&T until twenty (20) days after the Court enters its ruling on Plaintiffs' Motion to Strike Defective Removal, Correct Record and Remand at Docket No. 5 in Civil Action No. 07-01324 as well as Plaintiffs' Motion to Remand Case and Strike Defective Removal for Lack of Jurisdiction at Docket No. 5 in Civil Action No. 07-01341, within which to file a responsive pleading in the instant matter. (See Docket No. 45). On October 24, 2007, S&T filed Defendant, S&T Bank's Motion Amend and Correct Order of Court Dated October 22, 2007 (Docket No. 46), in which it requested amendment of the Court's October 22, 2007 Order to allow S&T to file a responsive pleading or motion within the time specified. On October 25, 2007, the Court granted said motion. (Docket No. 47). On March 17, 2008, the Court issued a Memorandum Order remanding the other related actions to state court. Accordingly, on April 7, 2008, S&T filed an Answer, Affirmative Defenses and Counterclaim (Docket No. 50), as well as the instant motion to dismiss.
Under Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 127 S.Ct. 1955 (2007), a claim must be dismissed pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6) if the Plaintiff fails to allege "enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face." Twombly, 127 S.Ct. at 1963 (abrogating "no set of facts" language found in Conley v. Gibson, 355 U.S. 41, 45-46 (1957)). See Phillips v. County of Allegheny, 515 F.3d 224, 234 (3d Cir. 2008) (declining to read Twombly "so narrowly as to limit its holding on plausibility to the antitrust context" and noting that plausibility is related to the requirement of a Rule 8 "showing").*fn3 As still required post-Twombly, the Court accepts all well-pled material allegations in Defendant's Counterclaim as true and draws all reasonable inferences therefrom in her favor. Id. at 1964-65 & 1969 n.8. See McCliment v. Easton Area School Dist., Civil Action No. 07-0472, 2007 WL 2319768, at *1 (E.D. Pa. Aug. 10, 2007) (citing Graves v. Lowery, 117 F.3d 723, 726 (3d Cir. 1997) ("In determining the sufficiency of the complaint the court must accept all of plaintiffs' well-pled material allegations as true and draw all reasonable inferences therefrom in favor of plaintiffs")). A complaint will be deemed to have alleged sufficient facts if it adequately puts the plaintiff on notice of the essential elements of defendant's claims. Nami v. Fauver, 82 F.3d 63, 65 (3d Cir. 1996). However, a court will not accept bald assertions, unwarranted inferences, or sweeping legal conclusions cast in the form of factual allegations. See In re Rockefeller Ctr. Props., Inc. Sec. Litig., 311 F.3d 198, 215 (3d Cir.2002); Morse v. Lower Merion Sch. Dist., 132 F.3d 902, 906 n. 8 (3d Cir.1997). Nor must the court accept legal conclusions set forth as factual allegations. Bell Atlantic Corp., 127 S.Ct. at 1965 (citing Papasan v. Allain, 478 U.S. 265, 286 (1986)). "Factual allegations must be enough to raise a right to relief above the speculative level." Id.
In its motion, S&T moves to dismiss section VIII, pleading a claim for breach of contract of the PAAC litigation agreement and the Intercreditor Agreement, and section IX, pleading a claim for interference with contract as to the Indemnity Agreement. The Court will consider each in turn.
As to the breach of contract claim, S&T argues that the doctrine of frustration of purpose and/or impracticability of performance requires dismissal of the breach of contract claim insofar as "the purpose of the alleged PAAC Litigation Agreement was frustrated because there was no no need to litigate a case that had reached settlement," i.e., A&L versus the Port Authority in the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County. (Docket No. 52 at 8). An affirmative defense must be apparent on the face of a complaint in order to be subject to a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss. See Rycoline Prods., Inc. v. C & W Unlimited, 109 F.3d 883, 886 (3d Cir. 1997); see also Flight Systems, Inc. v. Electronic Data Systems Corp., 112 F.3d 124, 127 (3d Cir. 1997) ("On a Rule 12(b)(6) motion, an affirmative defense, such as the statute of frauds defense raised by [defendant], is appropriately considered only if it presents an insuperable barrier to recovery by the plaintiff"). As pointed out by Plaintiffs in their response, S&T's theory in support of dismissal hinges on whether the PAAC litigation has settled. However, the Amended Complaint only pleads the following: "As such, despite demands that A&L and Indemnitors desist their wrongful interference and turn over all relevant documentation to the lawyers of Safeco prosecuting said claims, Indemnitors surreptitiously negotiated a purported settlement of the PAAC Litigation." (Docket No. 37 at ¶27) (emphasis added). Accordingly, from the face of the Complaint, it is not apparent whether the PAAC litigation has settled, and, as such, the affirmative defense of frustration of purpose is not apparent on the face of the Amended Complaint. Along the same lines and to the extent a court may consider an affirmative defense on a 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss, S&T's argument nevertheless hinges on facts which require discovery, i.e., whether the PAAC litigation has settled.*fn4 Likewise as to interference with contract (either existing or prospective),*fn5 S&T's arguments in support of dismissal appear to turn on the assumption that the PAAC litigation has settled and therefore, said arguments fail for the same reasons as stated above.*fn6
Accordingly, based on the foregoing, the Court DENIES Defendant S&T Bank's Motion to Dismiss Sections VIII (Count VI) and IX (Count VII) of Plaintiffs' Amended Complaint Pursuant to F.R.C.P. 12(b)(6)  and Defendant S&T Bank shall file a responsive pleading (or amended pleading) as to sections VIII and IX in Plaintiffs' Amended Complaint by June 10, 2008.
Nora Barry Fischer United States District Judge