IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA
May 6, 2008
DAVID E. RICKETTS, PLAINTIFF
AW OF UNICOR, ET AL., DEFENDANTS
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Judge Rambo
MEMORANDUM and ORDER
Presently pending before the court are several motions filed by Plaintiff relating to appointment of counsel and discovery. These motions are disposed of below.
I. Motion to Appoint Counsel
Plaintiff filed a motion for appointment of counsel (Doc. 25) and a motion for reconsideration of a prior denial of a motion to appoint counsel (Doc. 26). Although indigent litigants have no constitutional or statutory rights to appointment of counsel in a civil case, the court has broad discretionary power to appoint counsel under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(1). Tabron v. Grace, 6 F.3d 147, 153 (3d Cir. 1993).*fn1 In addition to the factors just noted, under Tabron, a district court's decision whether to appoint counsel should also be "informed" by a consideration of the following factors: "the difficulty of the particular legal issues;" "the degree to which factual investigation will be required and the ability of the indigent plaintiff to pursue such investigation;" whether "a case is likely to turn on credibility determinations;" "where the case will require testimony from expert witnesses;" and "whether an indigent plaintiff could obtain counsel on his or her own behalf." Id. at 156, 157 n.5.
The Tabron Court also held that the "appointment of counsel under § 1915(d) may be made at any point in the litigation and may be made by the district court sua sponte." Id. at 156. Finally, the Tabron Court acknowledged that "courts have no authority to compel counsel to represent an indigent civil litigant," id. at 157 n.7, and cautioned against the indiscriminate appointment of counsel in view of the limited supply of competent attorneys willing to accept such appointments. Id. at 157.
In a subsequent decision, the Third Circuit Court of Appeals reiterated that "[i]ndigent civil litigants possess neither a constitutional nor a statutory right to appointed counsel." Montgomery v. Pinchak, 294 F.3d 492, 498 (3d Cir. 2002) (citation omitted). The Montgomery Court recognized that the criteria set forth in Tabron should be employed in addressing the appointment of counsel issue. In a recent, non-precedential decision, Gordon v. Gonzalez, No. 04-4623, 2007 WL 1241583, *2 n.4 (3d Cir. Apr. 30, 2007), the Third Circuit Court of Appeals added that two other factors to be taken into consideration are: (1) the court's willingness to aid the indigent party in presenting his or her case; and (2) the available supply of lawyers willing to accept § 1915(e) requests within the relevant geographical area.
Considering Plaintiff's request in light of the factors above, Plaintiff's claims do appear to have some merit in fact and law, and, thus, he has cleared the initial threshold. As noted by Plaintiff in a past motion to appoint counsel, the most significant consideration is that Plaintiff's injuries, including paralysis on the left side of his body, hampers his ability to prosecute this case. (See Doc. 8 at 1.) In particular, it would be difficult for Plaintiff to undertake the factual investigation that will be necessary to adequately present his claims. Accordingly, his motion for appointment of counsel will be granted provided pro bono counsel can be found through the Pro Bono Panel of the Federal Bar Association for the Middle District of Pennsylvania. However, should the court be unable to locate counsel to assist Plaintiff in this matter, he must litigate the case himself.
II. Motion for Inspection and Discovery
Plaintiff filed a motion for inspection and discovery (Doc. 27). Plaintiff does not allege that he has served requests for inspection or discovery on Defendants that have not been answered such that he is seeking an order compelling inspection or a response from Defendants. In light of the decision to grant Plaintiff's motion to appoint counsel, the court will allow a new time period of discovery. The court will issue an order setting the time period for discovery following its efforts to locate counsel for Plaintiff. Accordingly, the court will deny Plaintiff's motion without prejudice to his ability to serve discovery requests upon Defendants during the new discovery period. Should this court's efforts to locate counsel for Plaintiff be unsuccessful, Plaintiff is advised that in engaging in discovery, he should closely follow the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and Local Rules of the Middle District of Pennsylvania, and he must be prompt in filing motions with the court if he encounters difficulties with discovery.
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED THAT:
1. Plaintiff's motions for appointment of counsel (Doc. 25) and for reconsideration of a prior denial of a motion to appoint counsel (Doc. 26) are GRANTED provided a member of the Pro Bono Panel of the Middle District of Pennsylvania Chapter of the Federal Bar Association agrees to volunteer to represent Plaintiff. Plaintiff is advised that locating pro bono counsel may take some time; he will be notified in writing of the results of the search for counsel as soon as possible.
2. If the court is unable to locate counsel to represent Plaintiff, he will proceed pro se.
3. Plaintiff's motion for inspection and discovery (Doc. 27) is DENIED without prejudice to his ability to serve discovery requests upon Defendants during the new discovery period that will commence upon order of this court. Thus, all case management deadlines are stayed until further order of court.
SYLVIA H. RAMBO United States District Judge