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Pew v. Beard


January 28, 2008


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Hay, Magistrate Judge


Alfonso Percy Pew (plaintiff) seeks leave to proceed in forma pauperis (IFP) in order to file a civil rights complaint in this court, suing Jeffrey Beard and Louis Folino for alleged violations of his First, Eighth, and Fourteenth Amendment rights as well as his rights under RLUIPA and the ADA while incarcerated at SCI-Greene. These alleged violations occurred from September 2006 until October 4, 2006.

Complaint at ¶ IV, A. & B.

In accordance with the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(c) and Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 73, Plaintiff consented to have a United States magistrate judge conduct all proceedings in this case, including the entry of a final judgment. See Dkt. [1-6].

It is a plaintiff's burden to prove entitlement to IFP status. See White v. Gregory, 87 F.3d 429, 430 (10th Cir. 1996); New Assessment Program v. PNC Corp., 1995 WL 592588, at *1 (E.D. Pa. Oct. 3, 1995); In re Lassina, 261 B.R. 614, 618 (E.D. Pa. 2001)("The applicant bears the burden of proving her entitlement to IFP relief by a preponderance of the evidence.").

The court takes judicial notice of court records and dockets of the Federal Courts located in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania as well as those of the Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. DiNicola v. DiPaolo, 945 F. Supp. 848, 854 n.2 (W.D. Pa. 1996) (court is entitled to take judicial notice of public records). The computerized dockets of those courts reveal that Plaintiff has filed at least 29 cases in the three District Courts and at least 14 actions in the Court of Appeals. Those dockets further reveal that Plaintiff has accumulated at least "three strikes" within the contemplation of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g)*fn1 which provides in relevant part that

In no event shall a prisoner bring a civil action or appeal a judgment in a civil action or proceeding under this section if the prisoner has, on 3 or more prior occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury. Plaintiff is a "prisoner" within the meaning of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g).*fn2

The three strikes that Plaintiff has accumulated are as follows. The first strike is Pew v. Cox, No.93-2041 (3d Cir. order of dismissal filed 3/31/94 which reads in pertinent part "ORDER . . . granting appellant's motion to proceed in forma pauperis. Dismissing appeal pursuant to 28 U.S.C. Section 1915(d). Dismissing the motion for counsel as moot").*fn3 The second strike is Pew v. Casner, No. 95-7176 (3d Cir. order of dismissal filed 7/31/95 providing as follows:

"Order . . . granting motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis. The appeal is dismissed as frivolous pursuant to the terms of 28 U.S.C. Section 1915(d)"). The third strike is Percy v. Love, No. 96-7314 (3d Cir. order of dismissal filed 10/24/96 which granted Plaintiff permission to proceed IFP but which provided that the "appeal is dismissed for lack of legal merit pursuant to 28 U.S.C. Section 1915(e).").*fn4 Furthermore, the fact that at least two of these strikes occurred before the enactment of the PLRA is no bar to counting them as strikes. Keener v. Pennsylvania Bd. Of Probation and Parole, 128 F.3d 143, 144 (3d Cir. 1997). Accordingly, because Plaintiff has at least three strikes*fn5 he may not proceed IFP, unless "the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury" as revealed by the complaint because imminent danger of physical injury must be assessed as of the time of filing the application for leave to proceed IFP and/or the complaint. See Abdul-Abkar v. McKelvie, 239 F.3d 307 (3d Cir. 2001); Banos v. O'Guin, 144 F.3d 883, 884 (5th Cir. 1998)("The plain language of the statute [i.e., Section 1915(g)] leads us to conclude that a prisoner with three strikes is entitled to proceed with his action or appeal only if he is in imminent danger at the time that he seeks to file his suit in district court or seeks to proceed with his appeal or files a motion to proceed IFP.").

Instantly, the complaint alleges the following: Jeffrey A. Beard allowed SCI-Greene CO's [corrections Officers] to physically abuse me into making a legal settlement by assault, nakedness, confinement, spreading of my buttocks, video camera, hard cell, deprival of meals, denial [of] exercise, refusal of prescriptive medication, denial of sick call, doctor, psychologist, deprival [sic] of legal work, prescription eye glasses, basic hygien [sic], life necessities, and property, under constant light illumination, 24/7, given 6 months segregation as punishment in [a] bias[ed] unfair hearing, deprived of showers, water, clothes, the CO's under Jeffrey Beard intimidated me and threatened my life. Louis S. Folino [the Superintendent of SCI-Greene, where Plaintiff was formerly housed prior to coming to SCI-Rockview] allowed subordinate CO's to go unpunished for the actions against me in which I was physically injured. Both Louis S. Folino and Jeffrey conspired to act. (Plaintiff) under imminent danger of serious physical injury.

Complaint at ¶ IV. C.

Viewing Plaintiff's allegations most generously, the court has no hesitancy in concluding that Plaintiff has not met the threshold of showing "an imminent danger of serious physical injury" at the time of his filing the complaint, which the court takes to be November 15, 2007, the date whereon he signed his complaint and the IFP application. (emphasis added). See, e.g., Abdul-Akbar v. McKelvie, 239 F.3d at 313 ("Someone whose danger has passed cannot reasonably be described as someone who 'is' in danger, nor can that past danger reasonably be described as 'imminent.'). For example, in Abdul-Akbar, a prisoner with three strikes, filed on February 10, 1998, a motion for leave to proceed IFP in a civil rights suit, which alleged that on January 9, 1998, prison officials arbitrarily sprayed the prisoner with pepper gas and thereafter refused to provide him with medical treatment even though the prison officials knew the prisoner suffered from asthma. The District Court denied the prisoner IFP status based on his three strikes. The prisoner appealed, and the Court of Appeals, en banc, speaking through Judge Aldisert, held that notwithstanding the passage of less than one month, between the incident and the filing of the IFP application, the prisoner plaintiff did not demonstrate imminent danger of serious physical injury. The majority of the Court held such even though the dissent argued that the prisoner was under an ongoing imminent danger of physical injury because he was still subject to the control of the same guards that had sprayed him with the pepper gas.

Instantly, Plaintiff's case is even weaker than the prisoner's case in Abdul-Akbar. Whereas a mere 31 days passed between the pepper spray incident and the prisoner's filing of his IFP application in Abdul-Akbar, here, Plaintiff waited for more than one year to file his IFP application after the alleged wrongdoing by the Defendants in their failure to oversee guards at SCI-Greene. If the danger to the prisoner in Abdul-Akbar was past and not imminent after 31 days, a fortiori, the danger to Plaintiff herein had certainly passed and was not "imminent" after more than one year. In addition, unlike the prisoner in Abdul-Akbar, whose complaint alleged a colorable claim that he was under an ongoing imminent danger of bodily injury because he was still subject to the control of the very guards who allegedly sprayed him with pepper gas, Plaintiff's complaint does not make any such similar allegation of ongoing imminent danger. In fact, it has come to the court's attention that Plaintiff was transferred out of SCI-Greene on October 3, 2006 and arrived at SCI-Rockview on or about October 3 or 4, 2006. Because Plaintiff herein has failed to allege any facts that would permit him to proceed IFP, leave to so proceed is properly denied. Of course, Plaintiff is free to pay the entire filing fee of $350.00 in order to have his complaint filed.*fn6

An appropriate Order follows.

Amy Reynolds Hay United States Magistrate Judge

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