IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA
December 12, 2007
SU ZHOU TIAN LU STEEL CO., LTD., PLAINTIFF,
SHERMAN INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION, DEFENDANT.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Magistrate Judge Caiazza
For the reasons that follow, the Plaintiff's lawsuit will be dismissed without prejudice.
Chinese lawyers Dai Xiang and Shou Jianrong ("Plaintiff's counsel") filed this lawsuit on behalf of Su Zhou Tian Lu Steel Co., Ltd., seeking the recognition and enforcement of an arbitration award entered against the Defendant by the Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce.
See Compl. (Doc. 1). Although not confirmed in the record, Plaintiff counsels' firm website indicates that Mr. Dai graduated from Soochow University Law School and the University of Macau in International Trade Laws, and Mr. Shou from the Jianghan Petroleum University in Petroleum Engineering. See website at http://www.huihuanglawfirm.com/en/index.asp.
On October 22, 2007, Plaintiff's counsel were ordered to show cause by November 16, 2007 why their appearances should not be stricken for their failure to register with the court's Case Management/Electronic Case Filing program ("CM/ECF"). See Order in Misc. No. 06-34 (attached as Appendix "A" hereto).*fn1
Plaintiff's counsel did not respond to the Show Cause Order, and their appearances were terminated on November 20, 2007. See docket entry in 07-1323 dated Nov. 20, 2007 (copy of docket sheet attached as Appendix "B" hereto).
Given these events, the Plaintiff now proceeds in this case without legal representation, or " pro se ." The law is clear, however, that a corporation cannot litigate in federal court without duly admitted legal counsel. See, e.g. , U.S. v. High Country Broadcasting Co., Inc., 3 F.3d 1244, 1245 (9th Cir. 1993) ("[a] corporation may appear in federal court only through [a] licensed" attorney), cert. denied , 513 U.S. 826 (1994).
The deficiencies in former Plaintiff counsels' appearances are not amenable to correction. An Order governing pro hac vice admissions in this District*fn2 requires attorneys to certify, (a) they are registered CM/ECF users, and (b) they have "read, know and understand the Local Rules of Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania." See Order in Misc. No. 06-151 dated May 31, 2006 (copy attached as Appendix "C" hereto).
Former Plaintiff's counsel have contacted the undersigned's chambers, by telephone and email, on multiple occasions. While counsels' understanding of the English language is commendable (and no doubt better than the undersigned's knowledge of Chinese), the court questions whether the attorneys' command of the language is sufficient for them to effectuate registration under CM/ECF and to fully comprehend this District's Local Rules, not to mention the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and the applicable laws and statutes of the United States.
Even more problematical are the Local Rules governing the admission to practice law in the Western District. Specifically, Rule 83.2.1(C) states:
Any person who is a member in good standing of the bar of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, or a member in good standing of the Supreme Court of the United States, or a member in good standing of any United States district court, may be admitted to practice before the bar of this court.
See Local Rules, found at web page http://www.pawd.uscourts.gov/ Documents/Forms/lrmanual.pdf.
There is no indication Messrs. Dai or Shou are members of the bar of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, they are admitted to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court, or are members of any United States district court. See id. Under the circumstances, these individuals are not eligible to represent the Plaintiff in this federal court.*fn3
For all of these reasons, the Plaintiff's lawsuit is hereby DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE .*fn4 For the Plaintiff's convenience, the court has attached under Appendix "D" a publicly available list of Pennsylvania-licensed lawyers who have at least some fluency in the Chinese language. See id. ; see also website at http://www.martindale.com (source of list).
DISMISSAL OF THIS CASE WITHOUT PREJUDICE IS SO ORDERED.