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Bradley v. Conner

November 29, 2007


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Ambrose, Chief District Judge.


Plaintiff asserts claims for defamation and false light arising from Defendant's alleged publication of statements on an internet message board. Defendant has moved to dismiss the complaint on the grounds that (1) the claims are barred by the applicable statute of limitations; (2) the statements at issue constitute non-actionable opinion; and (3) Plaintiff has failed to aver necessary elements of a false light action. For the reasons set forth below, I find that Plaintiff's claims are barred by the statute of limitations, and therefore grant Defendant's Motion to Dismiss the Complaint. Because the claims are time-barred, I need not address Defendant's second and third arguments relating to the substance of the claims.


In deciding a motion to dismiss under Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6), all factual allegations, and all reasonable inferences therefrom, must be accepted as true and viewed in a light most favorable to the plaintiff. Haspel v. State Farm Mut. Auto Ins. Co., 2007 WL 2030272, at *1 (3d Cir. July 16, 2007). "In ruling on a motion to dismiss on statute of limitations grounds, the Court may not look beyond the face of the complaint. Thus, 'a 12(b)(6) motion should not be granted on limitations grounds unless the complaint facially shows noncompliance with the limitations period.'" Giusto v. Ashland Chem. Co., 994 F. Supp. 587, 594 (E.D. Pa. 1998) (quoting Clark v. Sears Roebuck & Co., 816 F. Supp. 1064, 1067 (E.D. Pa. 1993)). As the Third Circuit has explained: "We are mindful that the applicability of the statute of limitations usually implicates factual questions as to when plaintiff discovered or should have discovered the elements of the cause of action; accordingly, defendants bear a heavy burden in seeking to establish as a matter of law that the challenged claims are time-barred." Davis v. Grusemeyer, 996 F.2d 617, 623 n.10 (3d Cir. 1993) (quotations omitted).


Plaintiff is the Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of Reunion Industries, Inc. ("Reunion"), having previously held the position of Chief Operating Officer. Plaintiff, with his family, also owns a controlling interest in Reunion. Reunion is a manufacturing conglomerate with various operating divisions. At all times relevant herein, Reunion was publicly traded on the NASDAQ exchange under the ticker "RUN." Defendant is an attorney who represented Reunion, either personally or through the law firms with which he was affiliated, from 1998-2003.

The internet service provider Yahoo! maintains a website finance channel which includes the "Yahoo! Finance bulletin board." Each publicly traded company has its own designated bulletin board. Each bulletin board provides its members a forum to post messages over the internet regarding the specific publicly traded company. Anyone with internet access can view the posting on the individual bulletin boards.

According to Plaintiff, beginning in August 2005 and continuing through March 2006, Defendant, using the alias "pun2dex," posted numerous messages on the Yahoo! Finance bulletin board designated for Reunion. Plaintiff alleges that Defendant posted the following statements:

On August 10, 2005, pun2dex stated: "As badly as this company is run, there is no shutdown. Richard Conway (of Lc Capital Masters) is in and will be heard. The company has fresh cash and is buying raw material. It will show an operating profit this quarter primarily due to the sales in China by its CPI sub. So long as the bond holders sit still, there could be some upside."

On September 1, 2005: "[Reunion] operates with a lockbox. It has no choice but to pay down the Bank debt. The Bondholders are stuck. The Bank takes all the excess cash and leaves only enough to buy material for production. Leadership is lacking, but well paid anyway. Check the identity of majority ownership in relation to the CEO and COO. I do not know how the outside directors sleep. There is a large lawsuit looming if someone should have the energy to file it."

On September 20, 2005: "Richard Conway is running Reunion. At last someone with an IQ. He paid hard cash. The banks have been backed off and RUN will report around 20 cents, if it so chooses in October, not from operations, but debt reduction. They can now buy raw steel and make product. The Oneida division will be sold and the cylinder and pressure vessel business will be advanced. Conway will have a $4.00 stock in 18 months." On September 21, 2005: "I have followed the company for a very long time and read the filings. The Board is becoming concerned since Worldcom, in light of Sarbox, and well they should. . . .Kimball Bradley [Plaintiff] is still called COO, C E Bradley is still CEO, but the latter is CEO in paycheck only, and will soon be resigning at the request of Mr. Conway. The only way out for [Reunion] is to do what Conway suggests. Look for him to buy the junk bonds, reduce and control the debt and spur the growth of the profitable divisions. Check LC Capital Masters and Lampe, Conway Fund Group. Run (sic) needs management with a higher IQ than club handicap, with Conway, they get one, even if K. Bradley stays in as COO or even moves to CEO. He will not be calling the shots, except on the Golf Course."

On January 1, 2006: ". . .the story is all of failure since the young Bradley took over and will not stop until he is long gone. Until that day, this company and this stock will bounce a little, but is going nowhere."

On January 24, 2006: "If you are intent on paying salaries, you must sell something in the context of this company. Check the President, who is a member of the YPO. That means he was unable to be employed anywhere else, so his father made him president of this company so he could hang out with other young guys who were born on third base and think they hit a triple. This company is going nowhere. The next big thing will be a revolt of the bondholders or the banks. The shareholders will not be happy."

On January 25, 2006: "Our leader will never consider stepping aside to allow someone with the drive and intellect to run the company, so long as he has no other job prospects and strong cash needs. Instead of figuring out a way to make the company profitable, he sells assets to keep his check coming in. Go to GHIN.COM in Pennsylvania for Kimball Bradley and you will quickly see where the energy of management is spent, and only a small fraction of the rounds are posted so as not to upset his father. What a waste. The bondholders would be well advised to call his bluff, take control and get someone ...

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