IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA
October 23, 2007
DEWEY B. POWELL, PETITIONER
PAUL SCHULTZ, WARDEN, ET AL., RESPONDENTS
The opinion of the court was delivered by: William W. Caldwell United States District Judge
The pro se petitioner, Dewey B. Powell, was convicted in the Court of Common Pleas of Carbon County, Pennsylvania, of simple assault. He filed this petition under 28 U.S.C. § 2254, asserting that his right to a speedy trial under the Sixth Amendment and state law had been violated. We are considering the report and recommendation of the magistrate judge recommending that the petition be dismissed as moot because Powell is no longer in custody under the conviction.*fn1 Petitioner has filed objections to the report.
We conclude we lack jurisdiction over the petition because it was filed after Petitioner's sentence expired. We will therefore dismiss it on that basis.
In the state-court criminal proceedings, Petitioner moved to dismiss the case against him on October 4, 2005, relying on speedy-trial rights conferred by Pa. R. Crim. P. 600. The motion was denied the same day, and Petitioner immediately pled nolo contendere to a charge of simple assault. The court sentenced him that day as well--to a term of imprisonment "of not less than one-year-less-one-day nor more than two-years-less-one-day." (Doc. 20-2, Ex. 1, sentencing order.) As part of the sentence, the court also gave Petitioner credit for 385 days already served and placed him on immediate parole. (Id.).
Both parties agree this sentence expired on September 13, 2006. (Doc. 20, Response at p. 4; doc. 21, Pet'r's response to the response at p. 3).*fn2 Additionally, the sentencing court believed that Petitioner's sentence would be fully served less than ten days after September 7, 2006. (Doc. 20-2, Ex. 4 at p. 2). The instant petition was filed on September 22, 2006. Hence, we lack jurisdiction to consider it. See Obado v. New Jersey, 328 F.3d 716, 717 (3d Cir. 2003)("While the 'in custody' requirement is liberally construed for purposes of habeas corpus, for a federal court to have jurisdiction, a petitioner must be in custody under the conviction he is attacking at the time the habeas petition is filed.")(citing Maleng v. Cook, 490 U.S. 488, 490-92, 109 S.Ct. 1923, 104 L.Ed.2d 540 (1989)).
In any event, even if we had jurisdiction, as the magistrate judge notes, Petitioner has committed a procedural default and cannot show that a miscarriage of justice would result if we did not consider his petition. Additionally, the Sixth Amendment claim has no merit. Petitioner's plea of nolo contendere waived the claim that his federal right to a speedy trial was violated. See Howard v. White, 76 Fed. Appx. 52, 53 (6th Cir. 2003) (nonprecedential); cf. Washington v. Sobina, 475 F.3d 162, 166 (3d Cir. 2007)(a guilty plea waives a Sixth Amendment speedy-trial claim).*fn3
We will dismiss the petition for lack of jurisdiction. We will also deny a certificate of appealability, based on the above analysis. However, Petitioner is advised that he has the right for thirty (30) days to appeal our order dismissing his petition, see 28 U.S.C. § 2253(a); Fed. R. App. P. 4(a)(1)(A), and that our denial of a certificate of appealability does not prevent him from doing so, as long as he also seeks a certificate of appealability from the court of appeals. See Federal Rule of Appellate Procedure 22; Local Rule of Appellate Procedure 22.1.
We will enter an appropriate order.
AND NOW, this 23rd day of October, 2007, upon consideration of the report (doc. 22) of the magistrate judge, dated August 15, 2007, and the objections to the report (doc. 23), it is ordered that:
1. The petition (doc. 1) for a writ of habeas corpus under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 is dismissed for lack of jurisdiction.
2. A certificate of appealability is denied.
3. The Clerk of Court shall close this file.