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United States v. Craft

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA


October 23, 2007

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, PLAINTIFF
v.
ERIC CRAFT, DEFENDANT

The opinion of the court was delivered by: William W. Caldwell United States District Judge

MEMORANDUM

Defendant, Eric Craft, an inmate at FCI-Edgefield, Edgefield, South Carolina, pled guilty to a violation of 18 U.S.C. § 924(j), making it illegal to cause the death of another person through the use of a firearm during a drug-trafficking offense. He was sentenced to 480 months' imprisonment. His conviction was affirmed on direct appeal, United States v. Craft, 139 Fed. Appx. 372, 374-75 (3d Cir. 2005)(nonprecedential). Defendant's motion under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 was denied after a hearing, United States v. Craft, No. 1:CR-02-011-01, 2006 WL 3831386 (M.D. Pa. Dec. 28, 2006), and the Third Circuit affirmed. United States v. Craft, C.A. No. 07-1060 (3d Cir. July 30, 2007).

We are considering Defendant's pro se petition for a writ of habeas corpus ad subjiciendum, filed October 16, 2007. The petition challenges his sentence on the basis that the sentencing guidelines and the input from the probation officer on the sentence violated the separation of powers in the Constitution.

A petition for a writ of habeas corpus ad subjiciendum seeks the issuance of what is commonly understood as the "Great Writ" of habeas corpus at common law, the petition used by prisoners to challenge the constitutionality of their convictions and sentences. Stantini v. United States, 986 F. Supp. 736, 739 (E.D.N.Y. 1997). A motion under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 is now the statutory equivalent of the common-law habeas petition. In re Dorsainvil, 119 F.3d 245, 249 (3d Cir. 1997). Since Defendant filed the petition with this court, we assume he did not intend to file a petition under 28 U.S.C. § 2241.*fn1 We will therefore treat the petition as a 2255 motion. As a 2255 motion, we lack jurisdiction to consider it since Defendant already filed a 2255 motion, and he has not obtained the permission of the court of appeals to file a second one. See 28 U.S.C. § 2255 ¶ 8.

If Defendant intended to file a 2241 petition, we would also dismiss because a 2241 petition must be filed in the federal judicial district with jurisdiction over the petitioner's custodian. Tsoukalas v. United States, 215 Fed. Appx. 152, 152 (3d Cir. 2007) (per curiam)(nonprecedential)(citing Rumsfeld v. Padilla, 542 U.S. 426, 442, 124 S.Ct. 2711, 2721-22, 159 L.Ed.2d 513 (2004)).

We will issue an appropriate order.

ORDER

AND NOW, this 23rd day of October, 2007, it is ordered that Defendant's pro se petition (doc. 161) for a writ of habeas corpus ad subjiciendum, treated as a motion under 28 U.S.C. § 2255, is dismissed without prejudice for lack of jurisdiction.


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