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Moles v. Holt

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA


April 11, 2007

WALTER MOLES, PETITIONER
v.
RONNIE HOLT, RESPONDENT

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Judge Conner

MEMORANDUM

Presently before the court is a petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241, filed by petitioner, Walter Moles ("Moles"), an inmate confined at the Federal Correctional Institution at Schuylkill, Schuylkill, Pennsylvania. For the reasons set forth below, the petition will be dismissed without prejudice. See R. GOVERNING § 2254 CASES R. 4.

I. Background

Moles is a federal inmate whose projected release date is August 27, 2012. (Doc. 1, p. 14). Presently, the State of Arkansas has a detainer lodged against Moles with a discharge date of November 25, 2017. (Id.). Moles does not challenge the legality of the detainer. (Doc. 1, p. 18). Rather, he contends that the State of Arkansas has paroled him to his federal sentence and, if he provides the Arkansas Department of Corrections with a deoxyribonucleic acid ("DNA") sample, the detainer will be lifted. (Doc. 1, pp. 5, 8, 14). However, because the Federal Bureau of Prisons has not cooperated with his efforts to provide the DNA sample (Doc. 1, pp. 5-6), he seeks to compel Warden Ronnie Holt to order the medical department to extract a DNA sample from him and forward it to the Arkansas Department of Corrections.

II. Discussion

A habeas petition may be brought by a prisoner who seeks to challenge either the fact or duration of his confinement. Preiser v. Rodriguez, 411 U.S. 45, 494 (1973); Tedford v. Hepting, 990 F.2d 745, 748 (3d Cir. 1993). "Habeas relief is clearly quite limited: 'The underlying purpose of proceedings under the 'Great Writ' of habeas corpus has traditionally been to 'inquire into the legality of the detention, and the only judicial relief authorized was the discharge of the prisoner or his admission to bail, and that only if his detention were found to be unlawful.'" Leamer v. Fauver, 288 F.3d 532, 540 (3d Cir. 2002) (quoting Powers of Congress and the Court Regarding the Availability and Scope of Review, 114 Harv.L.Rev. 1551, 1553 (2001)).

Careful review of the petition reveals that Moles is not challenging the legality of the detainer. Instead, he is seeking to compel Warden Ronnie Holt to order the medical department to collect a DNA sample from him. Such a claim is not cognizable in a habeas corpus action as he does not seek speedier or immediate release from custody or challenge the legality of his present incarceration.

Consequently, the petition will be dismissed without prejudice to any right Moles may have to file a petition for writ of mandamus.*fn1

AND NOW, this 11th day of April, 2007, it is hereby ORDERED that:

1. The application to proceed in forma pauperis (Doc. 2) is GRANTED.

2. The Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus is DISMISSED without prejudice to any right Moles may have to file a petition for writ of mandamus.

2. The Clerk of Court is directed to CLOSE this case.

CHRISTOPHER C. CONNER United States District Judge


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