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McLaughlin v. Torma

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA


April 4, 2007

MARGIE MCLAUGHLIN, PLAINTIFF
v.
JOANNE I. TORMA, DEFENDANT

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Edwin M. Kosik United States District Judge

(Judge Kosik)

Memorandum and Order

Background

Margie McLaughlin, an inmate currently confined at the State Correctional Institution at Muncy (SCI-Muncy), Pennsylvania, filed this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Along with her complaint, McLaughlin filed an application seeking leave to proceed in forma pauperis.*fn1 Named as the sole defendant is Joanne I. Torma, Deputy Superintendent for Centralized Services at SCI-Muncy.

In the complaint, Plaintiff alleges that Torma deprived her of access to the courts. The complaint is presently before the court for preliminary screening. For the reasons that follow, the complaint will be dismissed for failure to state a claim pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii).

Discussion

Section 1915(e)(2) of Title 28 of the United States Code provides:

(2) Notwithstanding any filing fee, or any portion thereof, that may have been paid, the court shall dismiss the case at any time if the court determines that (A) the allegation of poverty is untrue; or (B) the action or appeal (i) is frivolous or malicious; (ii) fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted; or (iii) seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief. (Emphasis added.) Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6) allows a defendant, in response to a complaint, to file a motion to dismiss a claim or claims for "failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted . . . ." Section 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii) provides this ground for summary dismissal of a complaint (before service) - - failure to state a claim under Rule 12(b)(6) principles. In Rule 12(b)(6) analysis, the court must accept the veracity of a plaintiff's factual allegations. White v. Napoleon, 897 F.2d 103, 106 (3d Cir. 1990). "The test for reviewing a 12(b)(6) motion is whether under any reasonable reading of the pleadings, plaintiff may be entitled to relief." Simon v. Cebrick, 53 F.3d 17,19 (3d Cir. 1995).

In order to state a claim under § 1983, a plaintiff must allege the violation of a right secured by the Constitution and laws of the United States, and must show that the alleged deprivation was committed by a person acting under color of state law."

West v. Atkins, 487 U.S. 42, 48 (1988); Mark v. Borough of Hatboro, 51 F.3d 1137, 1141 (3d Cir.), cert. denied, 516 U.S. 858 (1995). It is well established that "[a] defendant in a civil rights action must have personal involvement in the alleged wrongs . . . Personal involvement may be shown through allegations of personal direction or actual knowledge and acquiescence." Rode v. Dellarciprete, 845 F.2d 1195, 1207-08 (3d Cir. 1988).

Plaintiff claims that Torma violated her constitutional right to access to the courts when she denied her adequate legal copies to litigate an appeal with the Pennsylvania Supreme Court. Specifically, Plaintiff claims that she was pursuing a Petition for Allowance of Appeal to the Supreme Court (Docket Number 3 WAL 2007) from an Order issued by the Pennsylvania Superior Court affirming her judgment of sentence. According to Plaintiff, Torma denied her adequate copies of a petition she needed because the monthly allotment for legal copies at the prison for an indigent inmate is $10.00, and Plaintiff had apparently exceeded her allotment for the month. Plaintiff maintains that although she did file her original documents with the Pennsylvania Supreme Court, she was unable to submit the necessary number of copies. She argues that Torma has hindered her efforts to litigate her case in the Supreme Court and that the matter is now probably moot.

In order to state an access to the courts claim, , Plaintiff must demonstrate an actual injury imposing some concrete negative effect on a prisoner's attempt to seek judicial redress, either in pursuing an existing non-frivolous lawsuit or in the loss of the opportunity to pursue one at all. Lewis v. Casey, 518 U.S. 343, 351 (1996). "Actual injury" includes the loss of a non-frivolous claim that relates to a challenge, direct or collateral, to an inmate's conviction or relates to a challenge to the conditions of confinement. Id. at 351-54. Prisoners asserting denial of access to the courts claims must demonstrate their "actual injury" with specificity. See Gordon v. Morton, 131 Fed. Appx. 797, 798 (3d Cir. 2005)(holding that inmate's claim against corrections officers for alleged deprivation of access to the courts failed where he did not demonstrate actual injury). Plaintiff has not met this burden. Plaintiff does not allege that she has been prevented from pursuing her Petition for Allowance of Appeal in the Pennsylvania Court or that any Petition filed there has been rejected or dismissed. In fact, she states that she did file an original Petition for Allowance of Appeal, just without the accompanying copies. Plaintiff refers to the docket number of her action in the Pennsylvania Supreme Court. An independent review of the state court docket reveals that Petitioner's filing has been accepted by the court, and is currently active in said court and proceeding there.*fn2 Accordingly, because Plaintiff has failed to demonstrate that she has suffered any injury, the complaint is subject to summary dismissal pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii).

ACCORDINGLY, THIS 4th DAY OF APRIL, 2007, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED AS FOLLOWS:

1. The complaint is dismissed, without prejudice, for failure to state a claim pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii).

2. The Clerk of Court is directed to close this case.

3. Any appeal from this Order will be deemed frivolous, without probable cause, and not taken in good faith.


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