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Paige v. Miner

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA


March 26, 2007

ARNOLD LORENZO PAIGE, PETITIONER
v.
WARDEN JONATHAN C. MINER, ALBERTO GONZALEZ, RESPONDENTS

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Judge Conner

MEMORANDUM

Presently before the court is a petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241, filed by petitioner, Arnold Lorenzo Paige ("Paige"), an inmate confined at the United States Penitentiary at Allenwood ("USP-Allenwood"), White Deer, Pennsylvania.*fn1 Paige challenges his placement in the "High Security Escape Risk 1 Hour Check Program" (hereinafter "1 Hour Check Program"). (Doc. 1, p. 4, Doc. 12, p. 4). For the reasons set forth below, the petition will be dismissed.

I. Background

Paige alleges that he was not provided with notice and a hearing prior to being transferred into the "1 Hour Check Program" at USP-Allenwood. (Doc. 1, p. 4). Upon entering the program, he was notified that he was required to have his 1 Hour Check card on his person at all times and was responsible for presenting his card to a staff member for his accountability every hour beginning at 7:00 a.m. and ending at 9:00 p.m. daily. (Doc. 12-2, p. 2). He was also informed that he could only be removed from the program through written authorization by appropriate officials. (Id.). He complains that placement in the program prohibits him from "normally" moving within the institution and negatively impacts his eligibility for job and other program assignments. (Id.). After exhausting his administrative remedies (Doc. 12, p. 2), he filed the instant petition seeking release from the program

II. Discussion

Respondent contends that the petition should be dismissed because Paige's claims are not cognizable in a habeas corpus action. (Doc. 7). The court agrees.

A habeas petition may be brought by a prisoner who seeks to challenge either the fact or duration of his confinement. Preiser v. Rodriguez, 411 U.S. 45, 494 (1973); Tedford v. Hepting, 990 F.2d 745, 748 (3d Cir. 1993). "Habeas relief is clearly quite limited: 'The underlying purpose of proceedings under the 'Great Writ' of habeas corpus has traditionally been to 'inquire into the legality of the detention, and the only judicial relief authorized was the discharge of the prisoner or his admission to bail, and that only if his detention were found to be unlawful.'" Leamer v. Fauver, 288 F.3d 532, 540 (3d Cir. 2002) (quoting Powers of Congress and the Court Regarding the Availability and Scope of Review, 114 Harv.L.Rev. 1551, 1553 (2001)). However, when seeking to impose liability due to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws, the appropriate remedy is a civil rights action. See Leamer, 288 F.3d at 540. "Habeas corpus is not an appropriate or available federal remedy." See Linnen v. Armainis, 991 F.2d 1102, 1109 (3d Cir. 1993).

Careful review of the petition reveals that Paige does not seek speedier or immediate release from custody or challenge the legality of his present incarceration. Rather, he challenges the conditions of his confinement in asserting limitations on, and violations of, certain rights. Because he is seeking to impose liability due to the deprivation of certain rights and privileges, the appropriate remedy is a civil rights action. Consequently, the petition will be dismissed without prejudice to any right Paige may have to reassert his present claims in a properly filed civil rights complaint.

An appropriate order will issue.

ORDER

AND NOW, this 26th day of March, 2007, it is hereby ORDERED that:

1. The Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus is DISMISSED.

2. The Clerk of Court is directed to CLOSE this case.

CHRISTOPHER C. CONNER United States District Judge


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