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United States v. Galex

March 13, 2007

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
v.
MARSHALL GALEX, DEFENDANT.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Judge Caputo

MEMORANDUM ORDER

Before me is Motion of Defendant for Release Pending Appeal Pursuant to Section 3143(b) of the Bail Reform Act of 1984, 18 U.S.C. § 3143(b). (Doc. 157.)

Section 3143(b) provides, in pertinent part, that a person who has been convicted and sentenced shall be detained unless the ". . . judicial officer finds--

(A) by clear and convincing evidence that the person is not likely to flee or pose a danger to the safety of any other person or the community if released under section 3142(b) or (c) of this title; and

(B) that the appeal is not for the purpose of delay and raises a substantial question of law or fact likely to result in -

(i) reversal,

(ii) an order for a new trial

If the judicial officer makes such findings, such judicial officer shall order the release of the person in accordance with section 3142(b) or (c) of this title, except that in the circumstance described in subparagraph (B)(iv) of this paragraph, the judicial officer shall order the detention terminated at the expiration of the likely reduced sentence."

18 U.S.C. § 1343(b).

The Defendant does not pose a risk of flight, so the issue is whether the issues he will raise on appeal raise a "substantial question of law or fact likely to result in reversal or "an order for a new trial". Id. Those issues are:

a. The sufficiency of proof of the requisite scienter for the offenses based upon existence of conflicting medical opinion respecting his physical and mental condition, and his reliance upon such opinion.

b. The propriety of the admission of evidence concerning acts that were outside the applicable limitations period, and that were unduly prejudicial when considered in conjunction with their probative value.

Whether the appeal raises a "substantial" question of law or fact is one which is "either novel, which has not been decided by controlling precedent, or which is fairly doubtful." U.S. v. Smith, 793 F.2d 85, 88 (3d Cir. 1986) (quoting U.S. v. Miller, 753 F.2d 19, 24 (3d Cir. 1985)). The Court rejected the "close question" test in favor of "fairly debatable" as the equivalent of substantial question. U.S. v. Smith at 89.

On the first issue at hand, the issue is whether or not there was sufficient evidence for the jury to decide that the Defendant knowingly committed the behavior with which he was charged. This is the exclusive province of the jury, and is rarely upset by an appellate court. There is no reason to ...


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