IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA
August 31, 2006
VILMA BOUCHARD, ADMINISTRATRIX OF ESTATE OF SAMANTHA A. BOUCHARD, PLAINTIFF,
CSX TRANSPORTATION, INC., DEFENDANT.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Arthur J. Schwab United States District Judge
Order of Court
Pending before this Court's is defendant's motions for reconsideration (doc. nos 135 and 136) of this Court's Order granting plaintiff's motions in limine regarding John Drake and Dave Hart (doc. no. 132). In this Court's prior Order on said motions in limine, this Court precluded Mssrs. Drake and Hart from testifying at trial and stated as follows:
[D]efendant never disclosed either Mr. Drake or Mr. Hart as potential witnesses in the Fed. R. Civ. P. 26 disclosures or supplements thereto, and defendant did not identify them as witnesses in any discovery response. The first time Mssrs. Drake and Hart were disclosed was in defendant's pretrial statement, and their proffered testimony is offered more as expert witnesses, yet defendant has failed to identify them as such. Further, any evidence related to the CSX Transportation Program of Instruction on Operating Rules will be excluded for failure to produce or disclose the existence of such to plaintiff in a timely manner. (Doc. No. 132).
Defendant now seeks reconsideration of the Order and argues, inter alia, that this Court did not make the necessary findings of bad faith and willfulness and other factors as set forth by the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit in Meyers v. Pennypack Woods Home Ownership Ass'n, 559 F.2d 894, 905 (3d Cir. 1977). In the above cited Order, this Court was attempting to rule implicitly, so as not to embarrass defendant, that there was bad faith in failing to identify these witnesses or produce the relevant materials. However, because defendant has moved for reconsideration, this Court is compelled to find explicitly that defendant acted in bad faith in waiting until the pretrial filings to reveal these witnesses and documents. In plaintiff's motions in limine on this subject (doc. nos. 80 and 87) and its reply to defendant's response (doc. no. 131), plaintiff more than adequately argued its position that defendant acted in bad faith and was attempting to gain an unfair advantage over plaintiff by withholding the names of such witnesses and documents.*fn1 Additionally, plaintiff explained, and this Court agrees, that because this Court had already entered two prior discovery orders (doc. nos. 23, 28) against defendant on prior motions to compel, that the facts in the present situation are distinguishable from the facts in the Meyers case. In Meyers, unlike the instant case, there was no willful deception and/or flagrant disregard of a court order.
This case has been pending since November 23, 2004, and the accident occurred on May 25, 2003. This Court finds it hard to fathom that it would take defendant almost two years, after a successful appeal by plaintiff and until a few months before trial, to discover said witnesses and documents and disclose them to plaintiff. Here, in light of the prior orders on the motions to compel, this Court finds that defendant engaged in a pattern of intentionally withholding of documents and witnesses in an attempt to gain an unfair advantage over plaintiff at trial. This Court will not excuse such behavior, and therefore, defendant's motions for reconsideration (doc. nos. 135 and 136) are DENIED.
SO ORDERED this 31st day of August, 2006.