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Atwell v. Dean


June 30, 2006



Before the court is a complaint filed by Plaintiff against two defendants. Defendant Dean was formerly an assistant district attorney of Adams County, Pennsylvania. Defendant George was the district attorney of Adams County, Pennsylvania. Plaintiff brings this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983, and alleges that Defendants falsely and maliciously caused him to be arrested and imprisoned.

In his complaint Plaintiff seeks to have Defendants prosecuted and to have an independent counsel appointed to investigate Defendants. Plaintiff also seeks appointment of counsel for himself and requests leave to proceed in forma pauperis.

Plaintiff was formerly a prisoner. At the time of the filing of the instant complaint, he was no longer a prisoner. Plaintiff has filed an affidavit that qualifies him to proceed in forma pauperis. The court will therefore examine Plaintiff's complaint under the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 1915.*fn1


Under the provisions of § 1915 of the Prison Litigation Reform Act ("PLRA"), 28 U.S.C. § 1915, "the court shall dismiss the case at any time if the court determines that . . . (B) the action . . . (I) is frivolous . . . ." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(I). The dismissal requirement applies equally to cases that are factually frivolous and those that are legally frivolous. Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 327-28 (1989). An action is legally frivolous if it is based upon an indisputably meritless legal theory. Wilson v. Rackmill, 878 F.2d 772, 774 (3d Cir. 1989). Indisputably meritless legal theories are those "in which it is . . . readily apparent that the plaintiff's complaint lacks an arguable basis in the law . . . ." Romas v. Jeffes, 904 F.2d 192, 194 (3d cir. 1990). "[T]he frivolousness determination is a discretionary one," and trial courts "are in the best position" to determine when a complaint is appropriate for summary dismissal. Denton v. Hernandez, 504 U.S. 25, 33 (1992).

To state a viable § 1983 claim, Plaintiff must establish (1) that the alleged wrongful conduct was committed by a person acting under color of state law, and (2) that the conduct deprived the plaintiff of a right, privilege, or immunity secured by the Constitution or laws of the United States. Nicini v. Morra, 212 F.3d 798, 806 (3d Cir. 2000). Both elements must be present to sustain a § 1983 action, and Plaintiff fails to satisfy the second.

As noted above, Plaintiff claims Defendants caused an unconstitutional conviction and imprisonment. In Heck v. Humphrey, 512 U.S. 477 (1994), the United States Supreme Court ruled that a constitutional cause of action for damage does not accrue for allegedly unconstitutional conviction or imprisonment, or for other harm caused by actions whose unlawfulness would render a conviction or sentence invalid, until the plaintiff proves that the conviction or sentence has been reversed on direct appeal, expunged by executive order, declared invalid by a state tribunal authorized to make such determination, or called into question by a federal court's issuance of a writ of habeas corpus.

Id. at 486-87.

None of the above has occurred; thus, Plaintiff's complaint fails to state a claim on which relief can be granted. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii). Furthermore, the relief Plaintiff seeks against these Defendants can not be given by this court. Plaintiff seeks injunctive relief in the form of the prosecution of Defendants under 18 U.S.C. § 241 and 242. The United States Supreme Court has observed that the Executive Branch "has exclusive authority and absolute discretion to decide whether to prosecute a case." United States v. Nixon, 418 U.S. 683, 693 (1974).


1) Plaintiff is granted leave to proceed in forma pauperis.

2) The complaint is dismissed as frivolous pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii).

3) Any appeal from this order will be deemed frivolous and not taken in good faith.

4) The Clerk of Court shall close the file.

SYLVIA H. RAMBO United States District Judge

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