The opinion of the court was delivered by: (judge Caputo)
Presently before the Court are Magistrate Judge Thomas M. Blewitt's Report and Recommendation (Doc. 75), and Defendants' Objections and Exceptions to the Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation of April 12, 2006 (Doc. 76). For the reasons set forth below, Defendants' Objections to the Magistrate's Report and Recommendation will be overruled, and the Court will adopt the Report and Recommendation. As such, the Cottell Defendants' Motion for Attorney's Fees and Costs (Doc. 68) will be denied.
Where objections to the magistrate judge's report are filed, the Court must conduct a de novo review of the contested portions of the report, Sample v. Diecks, 885 F.2d 1099, 1106 n.3 (3d Cir. 1989) (citing 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(c)), provided the objections are both timely and specific, Goney v. Clark, 749 F.2d 5, 6-7 (3d Cir. 1984). In making its de novo review, the Court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the factual findings or legal conclusions of the magistrate judge. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); Owens v. Beard, 829 F. Supp. 736, 738 (M.D. Pa. 1993). Although the review is de novo, the statute permits the Court to rely on the recommendations of the magistrate judge to the extent it deems proper. See United States v. Raddatz, 447 U.S. 667, 675-76 (1980); Goney, 749 F.2d at 7; Ball v. United States Parole Comm'n, 849 F. Supp. 328, 330 (M.D. Pa. 1994). Uncontested portions of the report may be reviewed at a standard determined by the district court. See Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 154 (1985); Goney, 749 F.2d at 7. At the very least, the Court should review uncontested portions for clear error or manifest injustice. See, e.g., Cruz v. Chater, 990 F. Supp. 375, 376-77 (M.D. Pa. 1998).
In his Report and Recommendation, Magistrate Judge Blewitt determined that Plaintiff's claims against the Cottell Defendants were not frivolous, unreasonable, or groundless; and, therefore, the Cottell Defendants were not entitled to an award for their attorney fees in the amount of $9,687.50, nor their costs in the amount of $414.48. The Cottell Defendants object to Magistrate Judge Blewitt's determinations. For the following reasons, I find that Plaintiff's claims were not frivolous and, as such, I will deny the Cottell Defendants' Motion for Attorney's Fees and Costs (Doc. 68).
1. Attorney's Fees Under Section 1988
As Magistrate Judge Blewitt correctly stated, the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania noted in Curan v. Southeastern PA Transp. Auth., 109 F. Supp. 2d 394 (E.D. Pa. 2000) that:
The Supreme Court has interpreted § 1988 to require different analyses that turn on whether the plaintiff or the defendant is the prevailing party. When a plaintiff prevails, he or she should "ordinarily recover an attorney's fee unless special circumstances would render such an award unjust." Newman v. Piggie Park Enters., Inc., 390 U.S. 400, 402, 88 S.Ct. 964, 19 L.Ed.2d 1263 (1968). However, when a defendant prevails, "a plaintiff should not be assessed his opponent's attorney's fees unless a court finds that his claim was frivolous, unreasonable, or groundless, or that the plaintiff continued to litigate after it clearly became so."
Id. at 396 (citing Christiansburg Garment Co. v. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, 434 U.S. 412, 421, 98 S.Ct. 694, 54 L.Ed.2d 648 (1978)).
In the present case, the Cottell Defendants were the prevailing parties. Thus, the issue becomes whether Plaintiff's action filed with the Court was frivolous as against the Cottell Defendants. As Magistrate Judge Blewitt noted, the Curan Court specified three factors to which the Court must look in deciding if a claim was frivolous. The Curan Court explained:
The Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit has identified 3 factors for courts to consider in determining whether a plaintiff's claim was frivolous or without foundation: "(1) whether the plaintiff established a prima facie case; (2) whether the defendant offered to settle; and (3) whether the trial court dismissed the claims prior to trial or had a full-blown trial on the merits."
Id. at 396-97 (citing EEOC v. L.B. Foster Co., 123 F.3d 746, 750 (3d Cir. 1997)). The listed factors, however, are mere "guideposts", and "determinations regarding frivolity are to be made on a case-by-case basis." EEOC, 123 F.3d at 751 (quoting Sullivan v. School Bd., 773 F.2d 1182, 1189 (11th Cir. 1985)).
In the present case, weighing the three factors, I find that Plaintiff's claims against the Cottell Defendants were not frivolous. First, I previously determined that Plaintiff failed to state a claim against the Cottell Defendants upon which relief could be granted. However, considering the facts as alleged in the Complaint, I agree with Magistrate Judge Blewitt's conclusion that Plaintiff had a reasonable basis on which he could believe that the ...