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Keplinger v. Hogsten

January 18, 2006


The opinion of the court was delivered by: John E. Jones III United States District Judge



James Keplinger ("Petitioner" or "Keplinger"), an inmate presently confined at the Allenwood Federal Correctional Institution Medium, in White Deer, Pennsylvania ("FCI-Allenwood"), filed this pro se Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus ("the Petition") pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. Keplinger paid the required filing fee on January 13, 2006. Named as Respondent is FCI-Allenwood Warden K. Hogsten.

Petitioner states that he pled guilty to criminal charges in two separate cases before the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. He was thereafter sentenced to an aggregate term of imprisonment totaling "132 months." (Rec. Doc. 1, ¶ 4). As part of the sentence from his first conviction, Petitioner and two co-defendants were ordered to pay restitution in the amount of $8,817.00. With respect to his second prosecution, Keplinger and a single co-defendant were ordered to pay restitution in the amount of $585.00. Petitioner states that his share of restitution in the first case is $2,939.00 and $292.50 is the amount of restitution he owes in the second case. Keplinger acknowledges that the sentencing court directed that he should begin making restitution payments while incarcerated as part of Federal Bureau of Prisons' ("BOP") Inmate Financial Responsibility Plan ("IFRP").

In his present Petition, Keplinger initially argues that the BOP "Can Not Determind [sic] The Amount And Schedule Of Payments In Regards To The Order Of Restitution Imposed By The District Court." Id. at ¶ 9(a). He claims that the BOP has forced him through coercive tactics to a voluntary payment schedule which he indicates is unreasonable. On May 12, 2005, Petitioner asserts that he initiated an unsuccessful administrative grievance "to stop BOP's unlawful schedualing [sic] of payments and restitution." Id. at ¶ 10. Keplinger concludes that he is entitled to federal habeas corpus relief, specifically, he requests that his restitution payments be suspended "until the District Court can make a proper assessment/review" of his ability to make restitution payments. Id. at p. 4.2.


Rule 4 of the Rules Governing § 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts provides, in relevant part, as follows:

If it plainly appears from the face of the petition and any exhibits annexed to it that the petitioner is not entitled to relief in the district court, the judge shall make an order for its summary dismissal and cause the petitioner to be notified. A federal criminal defendant's sentence is subject to collateral attack in a proceeding before the sentencing court pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255. E.g., United States v. Addonizio, 442 U.S. 178, 179 (1979). Keplinger's present Petition in part appears to seek clarification of the order of restitution imposed by the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. Therefore, § 2255 would ordinarily be the proper vehicle for such a claim.

The United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit has held that as to issues cognizable by the sentencing court under § 2255, a § 2255 "supersedes habeas corpus and provides the exclusive remedy." Strollo v. Alldredge, 463 F.2d 1194, 1195 (3d Cir. 1972)(per curiam), cert. denied, 409 U.S. 1046 (1972). Under In re Dorsainvil, 119 F.3d 245 (3d Cir. 1997), a § 2255 motion is only "inadequate and ineffective" (thus allowing a petitioner to bring a § 2241 habeas corpus action) where the denial of a habeas action would raise serious constitutional issues. Id. at 249. In Dorsainvil, the serious constitutional issue was that a change in substantive law rendered the conduct for which petitioner was convicted no longer criminal. Id. at 251. Thus, this case set a high bar for what a court will consider a serious constitutional issue sufficient to allow a petitioner to bring a § 2241 petition to challenge a conviction or sentence.

Unlike Dorsainvil, Keplinger's request for clarification of his sentence is not premised on any intervening change in substantive law that would negate the criminal nature of his conduct with respect to his federal conviction. Fundamental to Dorsainvil was the fact that the petitioner may actually be innocent of the crime charged. In this case, Keplinger has failed to present any allegations suggesting that he was innocent. Rather, his claim is solely based on a sentencing related issue.

Consequently, Dorsainvil does not authorize consideration of Keplinger's Petition regarding sentence clarification. Since such a claim cannot be properly asserted before this Court, to the extent that the Petition seeks such relief, it will be dismissed without prejudice. However, Petitioner, if he so chooses, may seek clarification of his sentence from the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

Second, this action also concerns the propriety of the BOP's determination as to the amount of Petitioner's restitution payments under the IFRP. It is well-settled that habeas relief is limited to inquiries into the "legality of detention." Leamer v. Fauver, 288 F.3d 532, 540 (3d Cir. 2002); Preiser v. Rodriguez, 411 U.S. 475 (1973). Federal habeas relief is unavailable unless the petition attacks the "validity of the continued conviction or the fact or length of the sentence." Id. at 542. Keplinger's challenge to the amount of his IFRP payments does not concern either the fact or duration of his confinement in prison.

Based on the injunctive relief sought and a review of Keplinger's allegations, "habeas corpus is not an appropriate or available federal remedy." See Linnen v. Arainis, 991 F.2d 1102, 1109 (3d Cir. 1993); Hahn v. Larkins, Civil No. 97-0822 (M.D. Pa. June 30, 1997) (Rambo, C.J.); Lee v. Larkins, Civil No. 97-1095 (M.D. Pa. July 25, 1997) (Kosik, J.). Consequently, Keplinger's Petition will be denied as meritless. However, the Court's decision herein is without prejudice. Petitioner, if he ...

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