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Hammock v. Nash


January 17, 2006


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Judge McClure



Terrence Edward Hammock ("Petitioner") filed this pro se petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 while confined at the Schuylkill Federal Correctional Institution, Minersville, Pennsylvania ("FCI-Schuylkill"). Hammock claims entitlement to federal habeas corpus relief on the grounds that he was denied due process during an institutional disciplinary hearing.

This Court previously concluded that an evidentiary hearing should be conducted with respect to the Petitioner's surviving claims that Disciplinary Hearing Officer ("DHO") Bittenbender improperly considered confidential source information ("CSI") and that the resulting finding of guilt was not supported by the evidence. By Order dated November 7, 2005, this Court granted Petitioner Terrence Hammock's request for appointment of counsel. An evidentiary hearing is scheduled for January 31, 2006.

On December 15, 2005, this Court granted the Respondents' motion to expand the record and accepted for consideration the attached declarations of DHO Bittenbender and Investigating Officer J. Tomlinson. The Order also directed the Respondents to submit for in camera review the confidential investigative report provided to the DHO by Tomlinson. The only remaining pre-hearing determination required of this Court is whether the in camera submission should be provided to Petitioner and/or his counsel.*fn1


The United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit has directed that when a prison disciplinary tribunal's decision is based on information received from a CSI, the two prong test announced in Gomes v. Travisano, 510 F.2d 537 (1st Cir. 1974), must be satisfied in order to guarantee due process. Helms v. Hewitt, 655 F.2d 487 (3d Cir. 1981), rev'd on other grounds, 459 U.S. 460 (1983).

In Gomes, the First Circuit held that:

1) The record must contain some underlying factual information from which the Board can reasonably conclude that the informant was credible or his information reliable;

2) The record must contain the informant's statement in language that is factual rather than conclusionary and must establish by its specificity that the informant spoke with personal knowledge of the matters contained in such statement.

Gomes at 540.

Based on this Court's review of the entire record, including the in camera submission it remains our conclusion that there is still a material factual dispute as to whether the DHO relied upon CSI evidence in rendering his decision. With respect to the in camera submission, a portion of Tomlinson's investigative report states that in documentation provided by a correctional employee, the employee stated that an inmate he spoke with had identified Hammock (via his nickname) as being responsible for the stabbing in Unit 4B. See Record document no. 43, p. 3, ¶ 5. No other details regarding the attack were provided. DHO Bittenbender acknowledges that he relied upon said information in rendering his decision.

The investigative report contains information which could conceivably reveal the identity of the inmate who provided the information set forth in ¶ 5. It also appears that the summary of ¶ 5 set forth above may provide the Petitioner with sufficient information to adequately pursue his present claims. Therefore, the in camera submission will not be provided to the Petitioner at this time. See Henderson v. Carlson, 812 F. 2d 874, 880 (3d Cir. 1987). However, if future proceedings demonstrate the need for additional disclosure of the contents of the in camera submission, this determination will be reconsidered. Consequently, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED THAT:

1. The evidentiary hearing scheduled for January 31, 2006 will proceed.

2. The Respondents' in camera submission shall not be provided to the Petitioner.

JAMES F. McCLURE, JR. United States District Judge

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