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United States District Court, M.D. Pennsylvania

November 18, 2005.

YORK COUNTY PRISON, et al., Defendants.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: A. CAPUTO, District Judge


I. Introduction

Ryan Rohrbaugh, formerly an inmate successively confined at the York County Prison ("YCP") in York, Pennsylvania, the State Correctional Institution at Camp Hill ("SCI-Camp Hill"), Pennsylvania, and the State Correctional Institution at Albion ("SCI-Albion"), Pennsylvania, commenced this action, through counsel, with a civil rights complaint filed pursuant to the provisions of 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiff subsequently filed an amended complaint (Doc. 65). Named as Defendants are, inter alia, Dr. Alan Esper ("Esper") and Wexford Health Sources, Inc. ("Wexford"). In response to the amended complaint, Wexford filed an answer and cross-claim, in which Esper is named as a cross-claim Defendant. Presently pending are (1) Esper's motion to dismiss the complaint, the amended complaint, the cross-claim, and the amended cross-claim against him (Docs. 18, 73, 45, and 74 respectively).

  II. Background

  In January, 2003, Plaintiff was incarcerated at YCP for a parole violation. Plaintiff alleges that during his confinement at YCP, he discovered a black mole on his back, which prompted him to seek medical attention. Plaintiff consulted with a nurse, who instructed him to wait to receive medical treatment until he was transferred to a state correctional facility. In May, 2003, Plaintiff was transferred to SCI-Camp Hill, and he was subsequently transferred to SCI-Albion in August, 2003. Plaintiff underwent medical examinations during the intake procedures at both institutions, and he noted the black mole on his back to the medical personnel at both examinations. Although the mole was surgically removed from Plaintiff's back in November of 2003, Plaintiff alleges that the mole was malignant, and the delay in removal allowed the cancer to spread to other parts of his body. Consequently, Plaintiff alleges that as a result of Defendants' inadequate medical care he has endured substantial pain and suffering, numerous surgeries, chemotherapy, radiation treatments, and a shortened life expectancy, among other damages. (Doc. 1 at ¶¶ 74-92.)

  Esper claims that he is entitled to dismissal from the action for (1) lack of jurisdiction, (2) Plaintiff's failure to comply with Local Rule 8.1 (M.D.Pa.L.R. 8.1), and (3) Plaintiff's failure to allege a claim of deliberate indifference against Esper. Plaintiff asserts that the motions should be denied because the Court may exercise supplemental jurisdiction over the state court claims, and Plaintiff has sufficiently pled facts to satisfy the pleading requirements for a federal court action. The motions have been fully briefed and they are ripe for disposition. For the following reasons, Esper's motions will be denied.

  III. Discussion

  A. Motion to Dismiss Standard

  In rendering a decision on a motion to dismiss, the Court must accept the Plaintiff's allegations as true. White v. Napoleon, 897 F.2d 103, 106 (3d Cir. 1990). Moreover, a motion to dismiss may only be granted if there is no reasonable reading of the facts that would entitle Plaintiff to relief. Lum v. Bank of America, 361 F.3d 217, 223 (3d Cir. 2004). The Court should consider the allegations in the complaint, the exhibits attached thereto, matters of public record, and "undisputedly authentic" documents. See Angstadt v. Midd-West School Dist., 377 F.3d 338, 342 (3d Cir. 2004); Pension Guar. Corp. White Consol. Indus., Inc., 998 F.2d 1192, 1196 (3d Cir. 1993). A complaint that does not establish entitlement to relief under any reasonable interpretation is properly dismissed without leave to amend. Grayson v. Mayview State Hospital, 293 F.3d 103, 106 (3d Cir. 2002).

  B. Supplemental Jurisdiction

  Esper claims that this Court lacks jurisdiction over the state tort claim against him, and he should be dismissed from the action. Under 28 U.S.C. § 1367(a), subject to exceptions not applicable here (See 28 U.S.C. § 1367 (b) and (c)), "in any civil action of which the district courts have original jurisdiction, the district courts shall have supplemental jurisdiction over all other claims that are so related . . . that they form part of the same case. . . ." 28 U.S.C. § 1367(a). All of the tort claims relate to inadequacy of medical treatment provided to (or withheld from) Plaintiff by Defendants. The issues of law and fact for each claim are intertwined. After review of the complaint, the Court concludes that it may properly exercise supplemental jurisdiction over the state tort claims in this action. See Borough of West Mifflin v. Lancaster, 45 F.3d 780 (3d Cir. 1995).

  C. Failure to Comply With M.D. Pa. L.R. 8.1

  Esper also claims that Plaintiff's complaint should be dismissed for Plaintiff's failure to comply with M.D.Pa. Local Rule 8.1. Under Rule 8.1, the demand for judgment "shall not claim any specific sum where unliquidated damages are involved." Although Plaintiff has pled an amount in excess of $150,000.00, he has not pled a sum certain in contravention of the local rule, and the amount sought is not binding on the jury in this case. Accordingly, this argument is without merit. See also M.D.Pa.L.R. 1.3.

  D. Failure to State a Claim

  Esper alleges that Plaintiff fails to set forth elements of an action for deliberate indifference under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, and the claim against him should be dismissed pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6). Plaintiff argues that his claim against Esper (Doc. 65, Count XX)*fn1 is based upon medical malpractice, and Esper's motion should be denied. Regardless of the theory of recovery, Plaintiff's amended complaint alleges, inter alia, that Defendants were deliberately indifferent to Plaintiff's serious medical needs (Doc. 65, ¶ 78), Defendants failed to properly diagnose and treat Plaintiff (Id., ¶ 80), and as a direct and proximate result of Defendants' "negligence, gross negligence, reckless disregard . . . and deliberate indifference . . . [Plaintiff's] life expectancy has been significantly decreased. . . ." (Id., ¶ 85). Although this general averment is not enlightening as to the specific action or inaction by each individual Defendant challenged in the amended complaint, Plaintiff has satisfied the requirements of pleading, and the liberal discovery rules of the federal court will permit Defendants to develop the facts more fully.

  The amended complaint sets forth a "short and plain statement" of the basis of jurisdiction, the basis of the claim and entitlement to relief, and a demand for judgment, fulfilling the pleading requirements of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. See Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(a). Nothing more is required, and the averments in the complaint are sufficient to survive Esper's motions to dismiss. In Swierkiewicz v. Sorema N.A., 534 U.S. 506, 513 (2002), the Supreme Court reiterated its holding that "Rule 8(a)'s simplified pleading standard applies to all civil actions. . . ." Furthermore, the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit has consistently held that nothing more is required in § 1983 cases than the notice pleading requirements of Rule 8. Alston v. Simmon, 363 F.3d 229, 233 (3d Cir. 2004); Abbott v. Latshaw, 164 F.3d 141, 149 (1998). Plaintiff's amended complaint is only subject to the short and plain statement requirement of Rule 8(a). Alston, 363 F.3d at 334. Accordingly, Esper's motion to dismiss under Rule 12(b)(6) will be denied.

  E. Dismissal From Cross-Claims

  Esper also seeks to be dismissed as a Defendant from the cross-claim of Wexford. Since Esper bases his motions for dismissal from the cross-claim on the arguments set forth in his motions for dismissal from the complaint, his motions for dismissal from the cross-claim will be denied for the reasons set forth above. An appropriate order follows.


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