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ALLSTATE INSURANCE COMPANY v. FEDERAL PACIFIC ELECTRIC CO.

November 15, 2005.

ALLSTATE INSURANCE COMPANY a/s/o GEORGE & GRACE CAPRIOLA, Plaintiffs,
v.
FEDERAL PACIFIC ELECTRIC COMPANY and RELIANCE ELECTRIC COMPANY, Defendants.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: A. CAPUTO, District Judge

MEMORANDUM

Before me is Defendants', Federal Pacific Electric Company and Reliance Electric Company, Motion for Summary Judgment. (Doc. 18.) The motion is based on two grounds: 1) that Plaintiff, Allstate Insurance Company ("Allstate"), cannot sustain its burden of proving that the electric toe space heater alleged to have caused the fire to their insured's ("George and Grace Capriola") home was manufactured by Federal Pacific Electric Company ("FPE") and 2) that Allstate destroyed the home and therefore the thermostats which governed the space heater, so as to be guilty of spoliation, to the extend that summary judgment should be granted to FPE.

Because there is sufficient evidence identifying the heater as one manufactured by FPE so as to present a genuine issue of material fact, and because the destruction of the home, and, therefore the thermostats, does not warrant dismissal, the motion will be denied. BACKGROUND

  On January 2, 2002, the Capriola's summer home in Lake Harmony, Pennsylvania was destroyed by fire. Fortunately no one was injured, but the Capriolas suffered extreme damage to their real and personal property. On the day of the fire, Aloysius P. Klitsch, the Chief of the Lake Harmony Fire Department, went to the scene to determine the cause and origin of the fire. He determined that the toe space heater in the kitchen was the cause of the fire. He removed the heater from the home on the day of the fire and, in the process, disconnected the wires from the space heater. On January 5, 2002, Chief Klitsch turned over the space heater to Plaintiff's investigator. A second space heater was taken from the laundry room on January 5, 2002. More wires were cut in removing the second space heater from the home. On February 8, 2002, Carl Natale, FPE's fire origin and cause investigator was permitted to conduct an investigation of the Capriola home.

  The space heater from the laundry room can be identified by labels as having been manufactured by FPE. Although the space heater from the kitchen contains no markings, from my inspection at the time of oral argument, it is apparent the configuration of the two heaters are virtually the same, as are the frames, including the size, the location and number of holes and the location of the main electrical cable to each space heater.

  Ultimately, Plaintiff caused the destruction of the remains of the house.

  STANDARD OF REVIEW

  Summary judgment is appropriate if "the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with the affidavits, if any, show that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the moving party is entitled to a judgment as a matter of law." FED. R. CIV. P. 56(c). A fact is material if proof of its existence or non-existence might affect the outcome of the suit under the applicable substantive law. See Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 248 (1986).

  Where there is no material fact in dispute, the moving party need only establish that it is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Where, however, there is a disputed issue of material fact, summary judgment is appropriate only if the factual dispute is not a genuine one. See id. at 248. An issue of material fact is genuine if "a reasonable jury could return a verdict for the nonmoving party." Id.

  Where there is a material fact in dispute, the moving party has the initial burden of proving that: 1) there is no genuine issue of material fact; and 2) she is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. See CHARLES ALAN WRIGHT & ARTHUR R. MILLER, FEDERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE: CIVIL 2D ยง 2727 (2d Ed. 1983). All doubts as to the existence of a genuine issue of material fact must be resolved against the moving party, and the entire record must be examined in the light most favorable to the nonmoving party. See White v. Westinghouse Elec. Co., 862 F.2d 56, 59 (3d Cir. 1988). The moving party may present its own evidence or, where the nonmoving party has the burden of proof, simply point out to the court that "the nonmoving party has failed to make a sufficient showing of an essential element of her case." Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 323 (1986). Where the non-moving party bears the burden of proof on a particular issue at trial, the movant's initial Celotex burden can be met simply by "pointing out to the district court that there is an absence of evidence to support the non-moving party's case." Id. at 325. See also Reeder v. Sybron Transition Corp., 142 F.R.D. 607, 609 (M.D. Pa. 1992). There is no requirement that the moving party support its motion with affidavits or other similar materials negating the opponent's claim. See Celotex, 477 U.S. at 322. In such a situation, there can be no genuine issue of material fact, since a complete failure of proof concerning an essential element of the non-moving party's case necessarily renders all other facts immaterial.

  Once the moving party has satisfied its initial burden, the burden shifts to the nonmoving party to either present affirmative evidence supporting its version of the material facts or to refute the moving party's contention that the facts entitle it to judgment as a matter of law. See Anderson, 477 U.S. at 256-57. The court need not accept mere conclusory allegations or denials taken from the pleadings. See Schoch v. First Fidelity Bancorporation, 912 F.2d 654, 657 (3d Cir. 1990). In deciding a motion for summary judgment, "the judge's function is not himself to weigh the evidence and determine the truth of the matter but to determine whether there is a genuine issue for trial." Anderson, 477 U.S. at 249.

  DISCUSSION

  1. The issue of identity of the manufacturers of the toe space heater.

ย  FPE argues that the Plaintiff cannot meet its burden of presenting enough evidence to establish that whether FPE is the manufacturer of the space heater is a genuine issue of material fact. FPE points to the lack of identifying labels or marks; the fact that FPE has never had a complaint about one of its space heaters being implicated in a fire; the fact that these space heaters were only manufactured from 1968 to 1973, whereas the Capriola home was constructed in 1984 or 1985; the fact that their were no receipts; that the space heater was similar to those of other manufacturers; and, that two, ...


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