The opinion of the court was delivered by: MARY A. McLAUGHLIN, District Judge
Robert Goff was indicted by a Grand Jury on December 6, 2000. for
conspiracy to distribute cocaine base, three counts of distribution of
cocaine base, and three counts of distribution of cocaine base within
1,000 feet of a school. Mr. Goff pled guilty, pursuant to a cooperation
plea agreement, on May 18, 2001. to the conspiracy charge and one of the
three counts charging distribution of cocaine base within 1,000 feet of a
The Court conducted a sentencing hearing on May 9, 2002. At that time,
defense counsel explained to the Court that the defendant had tried to
cooperate but that he had not been able to assist the government enough
to have the government file a 5K1.1 motion. Defense counsel expressed the
hope that his client would be able to cooperate in the future and that a
motion would be filed under Rule 35 of the Federal Rules of Criminal
Procedure. The Court then sentenced the defendant to the bottom of
the guideline range, 135 months.
Mr. Goff raises three issues in his petition for writ of habeas corpus:
(1) he was entrapped by the Drug Enforcement Administration; (2) the sale
in a school zone was a technical violation of the law and not a
substantive offense because he lives across the street from the school;
and, (3) his counsel was ineffective because the petitioner was coerced
into accepting a plea agreement without a full explanation of his trial
rights and potential liabilities.
By pleading guilty, the petitioner waived the right to raise defenses
such as entrapment or sufficiency issues such as whether the location of
the offense qualifies as a school zone. See, e.g., United States v.
Busley, 523 U.S. 614, 621 (1988); United States v. Broce,
488 U.S. 563, 574; Tollett v. Henderson, 411 U.S. 258, 267
(1973). The only appeal from a guilty plea is a challenge to the
voluntariness or intelligence of the plea. As to the third ground for
relief, the defendant failed to raise on direct appeal any issue about
the voluntariness and intelligence of his plea. He, therefore, has waived
the right to raise this issue in a § 2255 petition unless he is first
able to demonstrate either "cause" and actual "prejudice" or that he is
"actually innocent." Busley, 523 U.S. at 622.
The final claim that Mr. Goff raises that may be raised in a habeas
petition is that his counsel was ineffective because his attorney coerced
him into pleading guilty and failed to make changes to the presentence
report. Mr. Goff's allegations, however, are belied by the transcript of
the plea hearing and sentencing hearing. At the plea hearing, the Court
conducted a thorough colloquy which included asking the petitioner a
series of questions to insure his intelligent and voluntary waiver of
various rights and entry of a guilty plea. One of those questions
specifically asked if he was coerced in any way to change his plea to
guilty. Mr. Goff denied that he was. Mr. Goff also said at the hearing
that he was satisfied with his counsel and that they had spoken numerous
times. At the sentencing hearing, the petitioner stated that he had
reviewed the presentence report and had no objections to it. At the
sentencing hearing, Mr. Goff apologized for his criminal behavior.
For these reasons, Mr. Goff's motion will be denied. An appropriate
AND NOW, this ___ day of March, 2004, upon consideration of defendant's
Petition for Habeas Relief Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255 and the
government's response thereto, it is hereby ORDERED that the petition is
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the defendant having failed to make a
substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right, there is no
ground to issue a certificate of appealability.
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