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Burns v. Board of Directors of the Uniontown Area School District

February 11, 2000

JAMES F. BURNS, APPELLANT
V.
THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS
OF THE UNIONTOWN AREA
SCHOOL DISTRICT; HARRY J.
KAUFMAN, INDIVIDUALLY AND IN HIS
CAPACITY AS PRESIDENT OF THE SCHOOL
BOARD; KENNETH R. MITCHELL,
INDIVIDUALLY AND IN HIS CAPACITY AS
BOARD MEMBER; KENNETH G.
MEADOWS, INDIVIDUALLY AND IN HIS
CAPACITY AS BOARD MEMBER; GARY J.
KING, INDIVIDUALLY AND IN HIS
CAPACITY AS BOARD MEMBER;
DOROTHY J. GRAHEK,
INDIVIDUALLY AND IN HER CAPACITY AS
BOARD MEMBER; CHARLES C.
CASTOR, INDIVIDUALLY AND IN HIS
CAPACITY AS BOARD MEMBER; AND
WILLIAM RITTENHOUSE, JR.,
INDIVIDUALLY AND IN HIS CAPACITY AS
BOARD MEMBER



Before: Honorable Dan Pellegrini, Judge Honorable Jim Flaherty, Judge Honorable Emil E. Narick, Senior Judge

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Judge Flaherty

Argued: November 1, 1999

OPINION

Appellant, James Burns (Superintendent) appeals the Common Pleas Court of Fayette County's (Trial Court) dismissal of his Complaint in Mandamus to compel the Board of School Directors (Board) of the Uniontown Area School District (District) to honor his tenure as duly elected District Superintendent of that District. Trial Court sustained the District's preliminary objections and dismissed Superintendent's complaint in mandamus because Trial Court concluded that Superintendent has other adequate remedies at law. We reverse.

Superintendent was first elected by the District as its district superintendent for one five year term from July 1988 until June 30, 1993 and then for another five year term from July 1, 1993 until June 30, 1998.*fn1

July 1, 1997 began the final year of the second term of Superintendent. In the primary election in May of 1997, three sitting Board members (whose terms were expiring the first Monday of December of 1997) lost the primary nomination. However, they were still empowered to fulfill their existing term until it ended Monday, December 1, 1997, when, the continuing and newly-elected members "reorganize" the Board during the first week of December of 1997.*fn2

Superintendent was notified by letter that at a special meeting of the Board on July 11, 1997, the Board intended to take official Board action to elect him as Superintendent for a five year term and to enter into a contract with him.*fn3 The July 11, 1997 special meeting of the Board was duly advertised and convened. By a 6-1 vote, a majority of the Board elected Superintendent to that office for a five year term beginning July 1, 1998 and ending July 1, 2003 and also approved the compensation and other terms and conditions of a five year contract concurrent with that term.

After the November 1997 election, the Board met and reorganized in accordance with the School Code during the first week of December 1997. Then, at a special meeting on December 23, 1997, the newly-elected Board voted to rescind the Superintendent's 1998-2003 contract and his election.*fn4

On January 15, 1998, Superintendent filed a complaint in Trial Court at trial docket No. 94 of 1998 G.D., claiming, among other things, unlawful interference with a contractual relationship, breach of contract, a federal civil rights violation under Section 1983 (of the United States Code), an emotional distress claim and a local agency appeal. Among the relief requested in that complaint is the restoration of Superintendent's contract and position as Superintendent.*fn5 Superintendent filed a Motion for Partial Summary Judgment on the breach of contract issue which was granted. Trial Court determined on July 2, 1998 that there was a binding contract between Superintendent and District.*fn6

On July 2, 1998, Superintendent also filed with Trial Court a second complaint entitled Complaint in Equity and a Motion for Preliminary Injunction to have the District pay Superintendent his salary, based upon the trial court's determination that there was a binding contract. After a July 10, 1998 hearing on the matter, trial court dismissed Superintendent's Application for Preliminary Injunction and dismissed his Complaint in Equity because Trial Court concluded that the pending complaint for breach of contract and tort relief was an adequate remedy at law and found no immediate irreparable harm in light of the pending action for money damages at trial docket No. 94 of 1998 G.D.

On July 31, 1998, Superintendent filed this third action in Mandamus and a Motion for Peremptory Judgment, the decision of which is currently before this Court.*fn7 District filed preliminary objections to Superintendent's complaint. Superintendent filed an answer to the District's preliminary objections. On August 20, 1998, Trial Court denied the Superintendent's motion for peremptory judgment with prejudice, finding no immediate irreparable harm.*fn8

On August 21, 1998, Superintendent tried to have the partial summary judgment order on the breach of contract issue entered as a final judgment. District filed a Petition to Strike, which was granted.

On April 14, 1999, Trial Court sustained the District's preliminary objections to the complaint in mandamus, denying the mandamus and dismissing Superintendent's complaint in mandamus. This appeal followed.*fn9

In this appeal, Superintendent contends that Trial Court erred in denying the mandamus and in concluding that the pending contract action was an adequate remedy for Superintendent. Superintendent argues that Trial Court did not apply the provisions of the School Code to the instant situation and that mandamus is the proper remedy. Superintendent contends that the School Code requires an election of a superintendent at a specified period of time and requires the Board to determine the salary.

Superintendent contends that in the present instance he was duly elected by the sitting Board in accordance with the School Code, that the Board also properly set his salary, that he is unlawfully prevented from fulfilling his duties, that the only statutory provisions for removal of a superintendent were not followed by the Board and that mandamus should lie to ...


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