The opinion of the court was delivered by: HUTTON
Presently before this Court is the Motion of Defendants Lennon's Bar, Inc., James Lennon, and Gloria C. Lennon to Dismiss the Plaintiff's Amended Complaint for Failure to State a Claim Upon Which Relief May be Granted and Lack of Jurisdiction (Docket No. 28), and the plaintiff's response thereto.
On June 17, 1995, Home Box Office ("HBO") broadcast nationwide from Las Vegas, Nevada, via coaxial cable and satellite, a championship prizefight boxing match between Riddick Bowe and Jorge Luis Gonzalez. The plaintiff, Joe Hand Promotions, Inc., was granted the right to distribute the heavyweight boxing match along with the other matches on the card, and entered into agreements with various entities in Pennsylvania to publicly exhibit the boxing matches to their patrons.
The plaintiff claims that on June 17, 1995, several defendant businesses and their owners
exhibited the boxing matches at the time of their transmission even though they had not paid the required subscription fee. Therefore, on May 9, 1996, the plaintiff filed suit against these defendants in this Court, alleging that the defendants violated 47 U.S.C. § 605 by exhibiting the boxing matches without authorization. In addition, the plaintiff alleged claims of conversion and interference with prospective economic advantage. This Court, however, dismissed the plaintiff's complaint, and afforded the plaintiff the opportunity to amend the complaint to state a claim upon which relief could be granted. Joe Hand Promotions, Inc. v. Rennard Street Enter., Inc., 954 F. Supp. 1046, 1055-1056 (E.D. Pa. 1997) (Hutton, J.).
On February 7, 1997, the plaintiff amended its complaint and again alleged that the defendants violated 47 U.S.C. § 605. The plaintiff also alleged claims of conversion and interference with prospective advantage. On February 24, 1997, three of the defendants, Lennon's Bar, Inc., James Lennon, and Gloria Lennon (collectively "the defendants"), responded by filing the instant motion to dismiss.
A. Standard for Dismissal under Rule 12(b)(6)
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8(a) requires that a plaintiff's complaint set forth "a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief . . . ." Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2). Accordingly, the plaintiff does not have to "set out in detail the facts upon which he bases his claim." Conley v. Gibson, 355 U.S. 41, 47, 2 L. Ed. 2d 80, 78 S. Ct. 99 (1957) (emphasis added). In other words, the plaintiff need only to "give the defendant fair notice of what the plaintiff's claim is and the grounds upon which it rests." Id. (emphasis added).
When considering a motion to dismiss a complaint for failure to state a claim under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6),
this Court must "accept as true the facts alleged in the complaint and all reasonable inferences that can be drawn from them. Dismissal under Rule 12(b)(6) . . . is limited to those instances where it is certain that no relief could be granted under any set of facts that could be proved."
Markowitz v. Northeast Land Co., 906 F.2d 100, 103 (3d Cir. 1990) (citing Ransom v. Marrazzo, 848 F.2d 398, 401 (3d Cir. 1988)); see H.J. Inc. v. Northwest Bell Tel. Co., 492 U.S. 229, 249-50, 106 L. Ed. 2d 195, 109 S. Ct. 2893 (1989). The court will only dismiss the complaint if "'it is clear that no relief could be granted under any set of facts that could be proved consistent with the allegations.'" H.J. Inc., 492 U.S. at 249-50 (quoting Hishon v. King & Spalding, 467 U.S. 69, 73, 81 L. Ed. 2d 59, 104 S. Ct. 2229 (1984)).
B. Analysis of Plaintiff's Claims