Appeal from Superior Court Order at No. 1365 Pittsburgh 1995 entered April 9, 1996, affirming Blair County, Court of Common Pleas, Civil Division Order at No. 92 C.P. 1554 entered April 24, 1995. JUDGE(S) BELOW: CCP - Honorable Norman D. Callan / SUPERIOR - CAVANAUGH, DEL SOLE, BECK, JJ.
Composition OF The Court: Mr. Chief Justice John P. Flaherty, Zappala, Cappy, Castille, Nigro, Newman, JJ. Opinion BY Mr. Justice Nigro. Mr. Justice Cappy files a Concurring opinion in which Mr. Justice Zappala joins.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Nigro
Appellants argue that the lower courts erred in allowing Appellee to recover his attorneys' fees in an action brought under the Wage Payment and Collection Law, 43 Pa. Stat. §§ 260.1-260.12 (1992). We agree with the lower courts that the Wage Payment and Collection Law mandates the award of attorneys' fees to a prevailing employee and thus affirm the Superior Court's decision.
Lynn Oberneder was manager of Link Computer Corporation's Credit Union Division, which sold computer software to credit unions. In 1992, Link Computer sold the Credit Union Division to Peerless Systems, Inc. pursuant to an Agreement for Acquisition of Assets. The parties agreed to execute a separate Remarketing Agreement under which Peerless Systems would hire Link Computer to remarket its software to prospective customers. The proposed Remarketing Agreement required Lynn Oberneder's services. Oberneder, however, left Link Computer and entered his own agreement with Peerless Systems to remarket the software. As a result, the Remarketing Agreement was never executed.
After his departure from Link Computer, Oberneder demanded that the company pay him a percentage of the Credit Union Division's sale price pursuant to a purported agreement with the company President related to his 1992 compensation package. When Link Computer did not pay him, Oberneder filed suit claiming that the company owed him $84,000. *fn1 He alleged breach of contract and violation of the Wage Payment and Collection Law, 43 Pa. Stat. §§ 260.1-260.12. Oberneder also alleged that under the Wage Payment and Collection Law, he was entitled to 25% of the money owed in liquidated damages, for a total claim of $105,000 plus attorneys' fees. Oberneder further claimed that Appellants were estopped from refusing payment based upon his reliance on their agreement.
Appellants responded that President Timothy Link offered a percentage of the sale to Oberneder but that a contract was not formed because they never agreed upon the percentage to be paid. Appellants also maintained that Oberneder was only entitled to a percentage of the sale if he remained with the company during the transition period and pursuant to the terms of the Remarketing Agreement. Appellants filed counterclaims alleging Oberneder's breach of contract by leaving the company and intentional interference with its Remarketing Agreement with Peerless Systems. Appellants also claimed that Oberneder breached the company's confidentiality and engaged in fraud.
Following a trial, the jury found that Appellants breached an agreement to pay Oberneder a bonus in connection with the Credit Union Division's sale and awarded him $40,000.00. It further found that Appellants' refusal to pay Oberneder was made in good faith. In addition, the jury decided that Oberneder also breached an agreement with Appellants, that he was obligated to assist them in finalizing the Remarketing Agreement, and that he intentionally interfered with the company's contract with Peerless Systems. It awarded Appellants no damages.
Oberneder moved for an award of attorneys' fees under the Wage Payment and Collection Law, 43 Pa. Stat. § 260.9a(f). The trial court granted the motion and awarded him $14,000.00, the amount Oberneder owed his attorney under a contingent fee agreement. The Superior Court affirmed and held that awarding attorneys' fees is mandatory under the Wage Payment and Collection Law. We granted allocatur to address whether an award of attorneys' fees is mandatory or discretionary when an employee prevails on a claim for wages under the Wage Payment and Collection Law.
The Wage Payment and Collection Law provides employees a statutory remedy to recover wages and other benefits that are contractually due to them. Killian v. McCulloch, 850 F. Supp. 1239, 1255 (E.D. Pa. 1994). With respect to attorneys' fees, the statute provides:
The court in any action brought under this section shall, in addition to any judgment awarded to the plaintiff or plaintiffs, allow costs for reasonable attorneys' fees of any nature to be paid by the defendant.
43 Pa. Stat. § 260.9a(f).
Pennsylvania courts have not decided whether this provision dictates that awarding attorneys' fees is mandatory or discretionary. Federal courts, while not directly addressing the issue, have generally awarded successful plaintiffs their attorneys' fees. In Barnhart v. Compugraphic Corp., 936 F.2d 131 (3d Cir. 1991), for example, the Third Circuit, while not compelling fee awards, held that an employer's good faith in disputing that it owed wages does not preclude awarding attorneys' fees to prevailing employees. See also Godwin v. Visiting Nurse Ass'n Home Health Services, 831 F. Supp. 449 (E.D. Pa. 1993), aff'd, 39 F.3d 1173 (3d Cir. 1994) (plaintiff was entitled to attorneys' fees in addition to repayment of ...