Appeal from the order of the Commonwealth Court dated June 19, 1996, which sustained the appellee's preliminary objections and dismissed the appellant's petition for review at 395 MD 1996. JUDGE(S) BELOW: DEPT OF CORRECTIONS - / Commonwealth - PC.
Before: Flaherty, C.j., Zappala, Cappy, Castille, Nigro And Newman, JJ.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Flaherty
MR. CHIEF JUSTICE FLAHERTY
On September 30, 1994 Dominic Fajohn was sentenced by the Butler County Court of Common Pleas to fourteen and a half months to twenty-nine months for crimes committed at Nos. 192-94 and 194-94. While incarcerated on this sentence, on April 10, 1995, Fajohn was sentenced at No. 1351-94, 1262-94, 1373-94, 1379-94 and 136-95 pursuant to a negotiated plea agreement. The sentence was eighteen months to three years. Fajohn asserts that at his request, the court granted him 190 days credit for the period October 3, 1994 until April 10, 1995 on one of the three sentences, the sentence imposed at 1351-94.
The Department of Corrections declined to apply credit for the 190 days on the grounds that it was prevented from doing so by Pa.R.Crim.P. 1406(c), which provides:
When at the time sentence is imposed, the defendant is imprisoned under a sentence imposed for any other offense or offenses, the instant sentence which the Judge is imposing shall be deemed to commence from the date of imposition thereof unless the Judge states that it shall commence from the date of expiration of such other sentence or sentences.
Thus, the Department of Corrections took the position that it is precluded from applying credit for the period October 3, 1994 until April 10, 1995, for Fajohn was imprisoned for other offenses when the April 10 sentence was imposed.
Fajohn brought an action in the Commonwealth Court in mandamus to compel the department of corrections to apply the 190 day credit. Commonwealth Court sustained the Commonwealth's preliminary objections in the nature of a demurrer, and Fajohn filed this direct appeal.
In Doxsey v. Commonwealth, 674 A.2d 1173, (Pa. Comwlth. 1996), the petitioner also brought an action in mandamus seeking to have his pre-sentence confinement credited toward his sentence. Commonwealth Court sustained the Commonwealth's demurrer, relying on Pa.R.Crim.P. 1406(c):
It is clear that under this rule a sentencing Judge cannot direct that a sentence commence on a date prior to the date of sentencing when the defendant is serving time on an unrelated charge. . . . Respondent relies on this rule in refusing to honor the sentencing Judge's order. The question we must decide is whether, when a sentencing Judge issues a clearly illegal order, mandamus will lie against the Department of Corrections to compel it to honor that order. We hold that it will not.
Because rule 1406(c) makes it clear that the Judge was precluded from ordering and, consequently, that respondent is precluded from applying, credit for the period of imprisonment for a second or subsequent conviction if the individual is already in prison under a sentence imposed for other offenses, mandamus will not lie against respondent to compel it to abide by the sentencing order.
This is not to say that petitioner has no remedy. In a situation where, because a sentence is illegal, a prisoner does not receive the benefit of his plea bargain, the proper avenue would appear to be to seek relief in the sentencing court. While the court cannot declare the vehicle for obtaining such relief, what is clear is that the remedy is not one ...