alleges further that Defendants made a number of materially deceptive and misleading representations regarding the stock. These included untrue statements of material facts and omissions of material facts necessary in order to make the statements not misleading. As a result, the Amended Complaint alleges, Leach was induced to sell her business and suffered past and future losses of substantial income and profits.
In considering a 12(b)(6) motion, a court must primarily consider the allegations contained in the complaint, although matters of public record, orders, items appearing in the record of the case and exhibits attached to the complaint may also be taken into account. Chester County Intermediate Unit v. Pennsylvania Blue Shield, 896 F.2d 808, 812 (3d Cir. 1990).
In ruling upon such a motion, the Court must accept as true all of the allegations in the pleadings and must give the plaintiff the benefit of every favorable inference that can be drawn from those allegations. Schrob v. Catterson, 948 F.2d 1402, 1405 (3d Cir. 1991); Markowitz v. Northeast Land Co., 906 F.2d 100, 103 (3d Cir. 1990). A complaint is properly dismissed only if it appears certain that the plaintiff cannot prove any set of facts in support of its claim which would entitle it to relief. Ransom v. Marrazzo, 848 F.2d 398, 401 (3d Cir. 1988).
Defendants argue that Plaintiffs' claims are not within the statute of limitations for a § 10(b) action, and that therefore those claims must be dismissed. Further, once the federal claims are dismissed, they argue, the pendent state law claims must also be dismissed.
The United States Supreme Court has held that actions under § 10(b) must be brought within "one year after the discovery of the facts constituting the violation and within three years after such violation." Lampf, Pleva, Lipkind, Prupis & Petigrow v. Gilbertson, 501 U.S. 350, 366, 115 L. Ed. 2d 321, 111 S. Ct. 2773 (1991). Defendants argue that the latest date Plaintiffs could reasonably have learned of any § 10(b) violation was the last day of Leach's employment with Quality Health. They offer no evidence to support this argument.
In contrast, Plaintiffs aver that the "first aspects of Defendants' fraudulent actions were discovered by Plaintiffs in September, 1993" and that the Complaint was filed ten months later.
Taking Plaintiffs' allegations as true for the purposes of this Motion, we find that Plaintiffs have stated a claim upon which relief can be granted, in that they aver that the Complaint was filed within one year after the discovery of the facts constituting the violation and within three years after such violation. This averment, if true, brings the Complaint within the applicable statute of limitations. Lampf, 501 U.S. at 366. Accordingly, we DENY Defendants' Motion to Dismiss for failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted.
AND NOW, this 16th day of November, 1994, upon consideration of Defendants Lifequest, Roger B. Hiser, Occumed Resources and American Health Resource Systems, Inc. to Dismiss Amended Complaint, and responses thereto, the Motion is hereby DENIED.
BY THE COURT:
J. CURTIS JOYNER, J.