Spalding ("F&S") on or about July 1, 1983. Plaintiffs Stephen R. Bolden, Daniel B. Michie, Jr. and Joseph S. Moloznik became partners of, and plaintiff Warren S. Spalding became of counsel to, Fell & Spalding, P.C., and later, Fell & Spalding. Another attorney important to understanding this action, although not a party, is Nicholas Scafidi, who was an associate of FSG&R before it disbanded. He later joined the form of RQ&M.
In September 1979, when FSG&R was in existence, that firm and Nicholas Scafidi, who was an associate with the firm, agreed to represent Tamara Mallace and her parents ("the Mallaces") in an action against Children's Hospital because of injuries sustained by Tamara during events leading up to, during, and after her birth on November 8, 1978. In 1981, Scafidi brought a lawsuit against Children's Hospital, but it was discontinued when Scafidi's medical experts advised him that negligence could not be attributed to Children's Hospital.
The Mallaces then hired Jerome Gamburg to replace Scafidi. Gamburg brought an action on their behalf against Pennsylvania Hospital, where Tamara was born, and Dr. Harvey Duchin on or about June 20, 1983. He also allegedly advised Scafidi, who was then with RQ&M, that if the Mallaces' medical malpractice claim against Pennsylvania Hospital and Dr. Duchin was found to be barred by the statute of limitation, he would bring a legal malpractice action against the responsible parties. At that time, RQ&M held claims-made malpractice insurance with Niagara under policy No. LPL-3701941.
Scafidi wrote a letter dated June 28, 1983, which was received by Niagara's authorized agent, Bertholon-Rowland Agencies. In it, Scafidi notified Niagara on RQ&M letterhead that a claim was likely to be made against "this firm." It went on to explain that, in 1981, "this firm filed suit against Children's Hospital on behalf of [the Mallaces]. . . ." and reported that "the Mallace's present attorney has informed us that should Pennsylvania Hospital succeed in barring suit because of the statute of limitations, he would then consider liability of this firm in not commencing suit against Pennsylvania Hospital in timely fashion." He ended by saying, "At present, no suit has been filed against this firm." Complaint, Appendix D (emphases added).
The Mallaces did sue Nicholas Scafidi and RQ&M in separate actions in 1983. Complaint, Exhibits F and G. The suit that Jerome Gamburg had filed against Pennsylvania Hospital and Dr. Duchin had not yet been decided; the action against Scafidi was dismissed without prejudice as premature, while the one against RQ&M was discontinued by stipulation. Id. At that time, no action had been filed against the plaintiffs in this suit, and "neither Scafidi nor Gamburg or anyone else gave notice to plaintiffs about the Mallaces' potential legal malpractice claim." Complaint at P 27. It was not until after the Mallace's suit against Pennsylvania Hospital and Dr. Duchin had been dismissed as time-barred in 1986 that the Mallaces resumed their actions against their former attorneys. They then initiated two actions, one in 1986 against Scafidi and one in 1987 against the plaintiffs and other former partners of FSG&R. Complaint, Exhibits J and K.
In 1990, plaintiffs, Scafidi, and other former FSG&R partners settled the malpractice actions brought against them by the Mallaces for $ 3,300,000. Niagara paid nearly $ 2,000,000 of that amount under the RQ&M policy, No. LPL-3701941. That policy was triggered by the 1983 letter that Scafidi had sent to Niagara's agent, warning of a possible future claim against "this firm". Plaintiffs contend that, in addition, Niagara should reimburse them for the remaining $ 1,340,000 that they were obliged to pay.
Their position is that the S&F policy, No. LPL-3701954, was also triggered by Scafidi's letter to Niagara's agent.
Plaintiffs say in their complaint that, although Scafidi's 1983 letter was on RQ&M letter head,
Niagara knew or should have known that "this firm", in 1981, referred to by Scafidi in this letter was FSG&R, not Rubin, Quinn & Moss, which did not come into existence until 1983, and knew or should have known that plaintiffs were partners in FSG&R in 1981 as the predecessor to Fell & Spalding, P.C., and Rubin, Quinn & Moss, and, as a result, were potentially exposed to liability, . . .
Niagara also knew or should have known on or about June 28, 1983, that all partners and/or employers of Scafidi at the time of the alleged act or omission in 1981 were exposed to liability thereby and further knew or should have known the identities of those partners and employers because they were insureds of Niagara.