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decided: June 14, 1989.


Appeal from Philadelphia County Common Pleas Court, Honorable Joseph D. O'Keefe, Judge.


Kenneth W. Makowski, Chief Counsel, Cheryl G. Young, Chief Counsel, Harrisburg, for appellant.

Gary F. DiVito, Goldstein, Friedberg, Kelly & DiVito, Philadelphia, for appellee.

Colins and McGinley, JJ., and Barbieri, Senior Judge. Colins, J., dissents.

Author: Barbieri

[ 126 Pa. Commw. Page 493]

The Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board (Board) appeals an order of the Philadelphia County Court of Common Pleas reversing the Board's refusal of 901-03 11th Street Bar, Inc.'s (Applicant) application for a person-to-person transfer of a restaurant liquor license from 500 Bar, Inc. to Applicant for premises located at 901-03 South 11th Street in Philadelphia. Issues presented for review pertain to the trial court's scope of review of a Board refusal of a liquor license transfer application where the applicant presents evidence to the trial court which was not submitted to the Board and the propriety of the trial court's decision. The trial court's order is reversed.

Applicant's counsel attended a three-day hearing before a Board hearing examiner, but presented no evidence. The Board subsequently refused Applicant's transfer application on four grounds. The only ground relevant here is the Board's finding that Applicant submitted false information on its application in answering "none" to the following inquiries:*fn1

Question 15

Neither the applicant nor any officer, director, stockholder, agent or employe has any financial interest, either directly or indirectly, in any other type of business licensed by this Board, or in the ownership, leasehold, or equipment, of any property used by such licensee, or mortgage lien against the same, nor have they loaned any money, or given credit, or anything of value, for equipping, maintaining or conducting an establishment used in such other business, except as follows: ___. (Emphasis added.)

Question 16

No person having any financial interest as an individual, or as an officer, director, stockholder, agent or employe in

[ 126 Pa. Commw. Page 494]

    questions of fact, administrative discretion and such other matters as are involved" and "sustain or over-rule the action of the board and either order or deny the . . . transfer of the license to the applicant." This section, however, does not give the trial court carte blanche discretion. The trial court may not reverse the Board's decision unless the Board abused its discretion or the trial court made findings of fact varying significantly from those made by the Board. Nor may the trial court substitute its own findings of fact for those of the Board if substantially similar evidence is presented in both forums. Beach Lake United Methodist Church v. Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board, 126 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 71, 558 A.2d 611 (1989).*fn4 Here, the trial court could substitute its findings of fact for those of the Board as it received evidence which differed from that presented to the Board and reverse on the basis of its own findings of fact which varied significantly from those made by the Board.

The Board argues nonetheless that Applicant improperly manipulated Section 464 in presenting its evidence in the first instance to the trial court. Accordingly, the Board requests us to deny Applicant the fruits of its fabricated "significant variance" in the facts between the two hearings below and apply only the "abuse of discretion" test to its judgment based upon the record which was before it.

Precedent precludes us from granting the Board's request. In Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board v. New Greensburg Aerie Fraternal Order of Eagles No. 3920, Inc., 82 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 272, 476 A.2d 985 (1984), e.g., this Court stated that the trial court could substitute its findings of fact for those of the Board and reverse on the

[ 126 Pa. Commw. Page 496]

    basis of its own findings where it received additional testimony and a significant amount of documentary evidence not produced by the applicant at the Board hearing. Moreover, Section 464 indicates that the applicant need only appear at the Board hearing in order to appeal any adverse Board determination to the appropriate trial court. Nothing therein requires an applicant to present evidence.

Having found that the trial court adopted the appropriate scope of review, we must now address the propriety of the trial court's decision in accordance with our scope of review. Although the trial court based its decision, in part, upon the Board's failure to establish intentional falsification, Section 404 of the Liquor Code, 47 P.S. § 4-404, which governs the issuance of restaurant liquor licenses, requires only that the Board be "satisfied of the truth of the statements in the application". In New Look Lounge, Inc., 70 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 505, 453 A.2d 700 (1982), the applicant averred in two renewal applications that he was the only party pecuniarily interested in the business contrary to evidence presented at the Board hearing which did not include proof of intentional falsification. This Court nonetheless found the evidence sufficient to support the determination that the applicant had falsified the applications in violation of Section 404.

Evidently, the trial court relied upon Section 403(h) of the Liquor Code, 47 P.S. § 4-403(h), which provides that "[i]f any false statement is intentionally made in any part of the application, the affiant shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, shall be subject to the penalties provided by this article." However, Section 403(h) is not controlling here since the Board merely refused Applicant's application and did not charge Applicant with a misdemeanor. We therefore find that the trial court erred in requiring the Board to establish intentional falsification under Section 404.

Applicant nonetheless argues that the trial court properly found that it had truthfully answered "none" to

[ 126 Pa. Commw. Page 497]

    questions 15 and 16 on its application in light of its reasonable interpretation of the language at issue, "other type of business licensed by this Board" and "another type of licensed business". Applicant cites Section 411 of the Liquor Code, 47 P.S. § 4-411, in support of its interpretation that this language refers to licenses other than restaurant liquor licenses.*fn5

Section 411 addresses specific interlocking business relationships and prohibits manufacturers and distributors from having any direct or indirect interests in licensed hotel, restaurant, club, and retail dispenser establishments and vice-versa. However, as noted by Applicant, this section does not prohibit a holder of a restaurant license from having any interest in another restaurant or in property occupied by another restaurant licensee. Applicant contends that the language of questions 15 and 16 tracks that of Section 411 and thus is clearly intended to disclose only the existence of any interest or relationship prohibited by Section 411.

We initially note that questions 15 and 16 make no reference to Section 411. Moreover, the application at issue also encompasses municipal golf course and airport restaurant liquor licenses which are not noted in Section 411. It is therefore obvious that Section 411 was not intended to be considered in interpreting the language used in questions 15 and 16. The trial court therefore erred in accepting this argument as a basis for its decision.

Accordingly, the trial court's order is reversed.


AND NOW, this 14th day of June, 1989, the order of the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia County is reversed.

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