decided: December 27, 1988.
KURT CARUSO, PETITIONER
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION BOARD OF REVIEW, RESPONDENT
Appeal from the Order of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review in the case of In Re: Claim of Kurt Caruso, No. B-261844.
Michael F. Salisbury, O'Connor & Salisbury, for petitioner.
No appearance for respondent.
Scott F. Zimmerman, with him, John B. Bechtol, Reed, Smith, Shaw & McClay, for intervenor, Hammermill Paper Company.
Judges Doyle and McGinley, and Senior Judge Kalish, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge McGinley. Judge MacPhail did not participate in the decision in this case.
[ 122 Pa. Commw. Page 352]
Kurt Caruso (Claimant) appeals an order of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review (Board) denying benefits due to willful misconduct under the provisions of Section 402(e) of the Unemployment Compensation Law (Law).*fn1 We affirm.
Claimant was last employed by the Hammermill Paper Company (Employer) from April 16, 1976, at a final rate of $11.31 per hour and his last day of work was May 27, 1987. At or about 4:00 a.m. on May 27, 1987, Claimant, while intoxicated, appeared at the residence of a supervisor. The supervisor was working out of state at a plant that was embroiled in a labor dispute. The Board found that Claimant harassed and terrorized the supervisor's wife and small child. Also present at the home was the wife's brother-in-law, who was a fellow employee of Claimant. Claimant inquired in threatening tones of the brother-in-law whether he had become a "company man" instead of a "union man." Claimant was arrested near the home and charged with harassment, public drunkenness and disorderly conduct. Claimant was suspended on May 28, 1987, pending an investigation of the incident by Employer. The suspension was converted to a discharge effective June 4, 1987. Claimant ultimately pleaded guilty to charges of public drunkenness and disorderly conduct in connection with this incident. The charge of harassment was dismissed. (Notes of Testimony, July 9, 1987, (N.T.) at 20.)
[ 122 Pa. Commw. Page 353]
The Office of Employment Security (OES) denied Claimant's application for benefits and he took a timely appeal. Following a hearing, the Referee reversed the decision and awarded benefits, determining that Claimant was not ineligible pursuant to Section 402(e) of the Law, because Claimant had not harassed the supervisor's family, and because the incident was not connected with Claimant's work. At the hearing the Referee obtained permission of the parties to determine Claimant's eligibility under Section 3 of the Law, 43 P.S. § 752,*fn2 in anticipation that a Section 3 determination could become necessary, but he made no ruling under Section 3.
The Employer appealed to the Board, arguing that Claimant was ineligible pursuant to Section 402(e) of the Law. The Employer failed to preserve the issue of Claimant's ineligibility under Section 3.*fn3 The Board reversed the decision of the Referee, finding that Claimant's actions constituted willful misconduct because he had harassed the supervisor's family, and finding that Claimant's actions were work-related because they were related to a "brewing labor dispute."*fn4
Claimant argues that his actions did not constitute willful misconduct.*fn5 We are limited to affirming the
[ 122 Pa. Commw. Page 354]
Board's decision unless there was an error of law, a party's constitutional rights were violated, or if the necessary findings of fact are not supported by substantial evidence. Estate of McGovern v. State Employees' Retirement Board, 512 Pa. 377, 517 A.2d 523 (1986). Whether or not an employee's conduct constitutes willful misconduct is a question of law subject to our review. Geslao v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 103 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 116, 519 A.2d 1096 (1987).
For behavior to constitute wilful misconduct, it must evidence (1) the wanton and wilful disregard of the employer's interest, (2) the deliberate violation of rules, (3) the disregard of standards of behavior which an employer can rightfully expect from his employe, or (4) negligence which manifests culpability, wrongful intent, evil design, or intentional and substantial disregard for the employer's interests or the employee's duties and obligations.
Kentucky Fried Chicken of Altoona, Inc. v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 10 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 90, 97, 309 A.2d 165, 168-169 (1973).
Claimant pleaded guilty to charges of public drunkenness and disorderly conduct in connection with this incident (N.T. at 20). It has long been the law that a criminal act connected with one's work is in itself sufficient to constitute willful misconduct, even without any company rule forbidding it. Berger v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 80 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 388, 471 A.2d 912 (1984). Claimant's actions
[ 122 Pa. Commw. Page 355]
unquestionably constituted a disregard of standards of behavior which an employer rightfully expected of its employees and as such constituted willful misconduct.
The only real question is whether Claimant's conduct was "work-connected." This Court stated in Gallagher v. Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, 36 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 599, 602, n.3, 388 A.2d 785, 787, n.3 (1978), "there is no requirement that an employee's misconduct occur on the employer's premises and/or while on duty."*fn6 There was ample evidence to support the Board's conclusion that Claimant's action arose as a result of a brewing labor dispute. At 3:00 a.m. the supervisor's wife and children had been awakened by the sound of an object thrown through the screen and glass front doors of their home.*fn7 Claimant himself admitted that he went to the supervisor's house at 4:00 a.m., knowing that the supervisor was out of state; that he knew that there had been trouble at the supervisor's residence; and that he told the brother-in-law that if he was a "company man" a similar incident could occur at his house.*fn8 Consequently, Claimant's conduct was sufficiently connected with his work so as to make him ineligible for benefits pursuant to Section 402(e) of the Law.*fn9 The decision of the Board is affirmed.
[ 122 Pa. Commw. Page 356]
And Now, this 27th day of December, 1988, the decision of the Unemployment Compensation Board of Review in the above-captioned matter is affirmed.
Judge MacPhail did not participate in the decision in this case.