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decided: November 9, 1988.


Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, in the case of Gregory Waslo v. North Allegheny School District, No. S.A. 1317 of 1984.


Sandra Reher Kushner, with her, Stephen H. Jordan and Richard K. Olson, Jr., Rothman, Gordon, Foreman and Groudine, P.A., for appellant.

Alfred C. Maiello, with him, Lee V. Price, Maiello, Andrews & Price, and G. N. Evashavik, for appellee.

Judges Colins and Smith, and Senior Judge Kalish, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Smith. Judge MacPhail did not participate in the decision in this case.

Author: Smith

[ 121 Pa. Commw. Page 35]

Appellant Gregory Waslo (Waslo) appeals from an order entered by the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County affirming a decision by the North Allegheny School Board (Board) which upheld the suspension of Waslo from his position as an industrial arts teacher. The issue presented for review is whether Waslo was furloughed in violation of Sections 1125.1(a) and 1125.1(c) of the Public School Code of 1949 (School Code).*fn1 The trial court is affirmed.

Waslo was employed by the North Allegheny School District (District) on January 28, 1981 as a substitute industrial arts teacher to fill the temporary vacancy created by Randall Hart (Hart) who was employed by the District on May 14, 1975 as an industrial arts teacher. On January 21, 1981, Hart assumed the position of public relations coordinator, a non-professional position, during a one-year maternity leave taken by the District's permanent public relations coordinator. Both the Board and the District agreed that Hart would not lose his professional status while serving in the public relations position. On August 19, 1981, Hart assumed another

[ 121 Pa. Commw. Page 36]

    position as administrator of support services, a professional position, and from August 20, 1981 to January 4, 1982, he performed the functions of both jobs. On January 4, 1982, upon return of the permanent coordinator of public relations, Waslo was given a temporary professional employee contract as Hart chose to remain in the position of administrator of support services.

Due to a realignment of staff, the District suspended Waslo effective at the conclusion of the 1983-84 school year. The District contended that Waslo's furlough was proper in order to relocate Hart, the more senior employee, whose position as administrator of support services was eliminated due to a substantial decline in student enrollment. As a result of his furlough, Waslo requested a hearing before the Board pursuant to Section 553 of the Local Agency Law, 2 Pa. C.S. § 553. After hearings conducted on July 10, 1984 and August 7, 1984, the Board affirmed Waslo's suspension. Waslo appealed the Board's decision to the trial court which affirmed the Board, whereupon Waslo petitioned this Court for review.*fn2

Waslo initially argues that Hart voluntarily vacated his professional position as an industrial arts teacher when he accepted a transfer into the non-professional public relations position, the effect of which terminated his status as a professional employee for purposes of accruing

[ 121 Pa. Commw. Page 37]

    seniority within the meaning of the School Code. In support thereof, Waslo cites School District of Philadelphia v. Brockington, 98 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 534, 511 A.2d 944 (1986), appeal denied, 514 Pa. 644, 523 A.2d 1132 (1987); Fiorenza v. Board of School Directors of Chichester School District, 28 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 134, 367 A.2d 808 (1977); and Narducci v. School District of the City of Erie, 4 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 202, 285 A.2d 888 (1971).

Waslo's reliance upon Brockington is misplaced. Brockington addressed a demotion issue pertaining to an employee's return to a teaching position from a supervisory position which was eliminated; whereas, the matter sub judice involves a professional employee who assumed a non-professional position on a temporary basis with an intent to return to his professional position following his temporary absence therefrom. Fiorenza is also inapposite. Fiorenza was a professional employee who permanently vacated his position of principal to assume a non-professional position with no intention of returning to his former professional position.

Similarly, Narducci, unlike the instant matter, involved an employee who permanently left his professional position of principal to serve as an officer of the school board. This Court held that the employee relinquished his professional status since it was legally impossible for him to remain a professional employee and also serve as an officer of the school board under Section 404 of the School Code, 24 P.S. § 4-404, which prohibits principals to serve temporarily or permanently as officers of the school boards by which they are employed.*fn3

[ 121 Pa. Commw. Page 38]

Waslo next argues that Hart's acceptance of the non-professional public relations position concluded his professional teaching activities and thereby terminated his professional employee status under Sections 1101 and 1141 of the School Code, 24 P.S. §§ 11-1101 and 11-1141, respectively.*fn4 Although the District stipulated that the coordinator of public relations was a non-professional position,*fn5 the District maintains that Hart's temporary assignment as public relations coordinator was tantamount to an approved leave of absence from his duties as an industrial arts teacher. Testimony demonstrates that Hart accepted this temporary transfer with the specific understanding that he would not lose his professional status and would return to his industrial arts position at the end of the one-year temporary

[ 121 Pa. Commw. Page 39]

    assignment. Findings of Fact No. 8; N.T., pp. 33-35, August 7, 1984 Hearing; N.T., pp. 38-39, July 10, 1984 Hearing. Based thereon, the Board found that Hart's one-year leave from his position as industrial arts instructor was a temporary absence, and in fact, an approved leave of absence. Findings of Fact Nos. 8, 9; Discussion, p. 20. Accordingly, the Board concluded that there was no break in Hart's seniority during the period of time he served in the public relations position. Conclusions of Law No. 5. Furthermore, approved leaves of absence do not constitute a break in service with respect to computing seniority for suspension purposes. Section 1125.1 of the School Code, added by the Act of November 20, 1979, P.L. 465, as amended, 24 P.S. § 11-1125.1(a).*fn6 Thus, Hart's seniority continued during the period of his temporary assignment pursuant to provisions of Section 1125.1(a) of the School Code.*fn7

[ 121 Pa. Commw. Page 40]

Waslo further challenges as error the District's seniority calculations, and thus, in furloughing Waslo to realign Hart, the District violated Sections 1125.1(a) and 1125.1(c) of the School Code which require the District to realign staff in inverse order of seniority and ensure that more senior employees are provided with the opportunity to fill positions being filled by less senior employees. Waslo argues that the District's actions delayed his transfer to professional status for more than one year during which time Hart was offered two positions while simultaneously encumbering an industrial arts position, thereby stripping Waslo of his rights to accrual of seniority as afforded by the School Code. Waslo thus contends that he should have been afforded seniority benefits as a temporary professional employee on January 21, 1981, his date of hire and the effective date on which Hart vacated the industrial arts position.

Substantial evidence of record demonstrates that Hart had not abandoned his position as industrial arts instructor; that the public relations position assumed by Hart was temporary; and that Hart accepted this temporary one-year position with the understanding that he would maintain his professional status and return to his industrial arts position when the permanent public relations coordinator returned from maternity leave. Findings of Fact Nos. 7, 8, 9, 10; Conclusions of Law No. 5. Where, as here, a teacher is hired to fill a position of a regular teacher who fully intends to return, there is no bona fide vacancy. Waslo therefore temporarily filled Hart's professional industrial arts position as a substitute, not a temporary professional employee. Substitute teachers do not accrue seniority. See Bitler v. Warrior Run School District, 62 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 592, 437 A.2d 481 (1981); Section 1101 of the School Code, 24 P.S. § 11-1101(2). Moreover, in Tyrone Area Education Association v. Tyrone Area School District, 24 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 483,

[ 121 Pa. Commw. Page 41356]

A.2d 871 (1976), this Court held that a teacher retained as a substitute to fill a position to which the regular teacher was to return after a sabbatical was not a vacancy and that the position could not retroactively ripen into a temporary professional employee position merely because the teacher on leave subsequently resigned at the end of her leave. Similarly, Hart's industrial arts position was not a vacancy until January 4, 1982 when Hart elected not to return to it.*fn8 See also Bitler.

Substantial evidence therefore supports the Board's findings, affirmed by the trial court, that Waslo was not elevated to temporary professional employee status until January 4, 1982 and did not begin to accrue seniority until such date. Waslo's furlough was thus proper and in accordance with the law. No error of law or abuse of discretion having been committed, the trial court's decision is affirmed.


And Now, this 9th day of November, 1988, the decision and order of the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County is affirmed.

Judge MacPhail did not participate in the decision in this case.



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