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COMMONWEALTH PENNSYLVANIA v. CYNTHIA ALESSI (08/24/88)

decided: August 24, 1988.

COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WELFARE, AND JOHN WHITE, SECRETARY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WELFARE, APPELLANTS
v.
CYNTHIA ALESSI, APPELLEE



Appeal from the Order of the Court of Common Pleas of Delaware County, in the case of Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. Cynthia Alessi -- In Re: The matter of John F. White, Jr., in his official capacity as Secretary of the Department of Public Welfare of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the contempt of the Department of Public Welfare of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, No. 15794 of 1986.

COUNSEL

Gwendolyn T. Mosley, Deputy Attorney General, with her, Andrew S. Gordon, Chief Deputy Attorney General, Chief of Litigation Section, and LeRoy S. Zimmerman, Attorney General, for appellants.

Dennis C. McAndrews, for appellee.

President Judge Crumlish, Jr., Judge Doyle, and Senior Judge Narick, sitting as a panel of three. Opinion by Judge Doyle.

Author: Doyle

[ 119 Pa. Commw. Page 161]

Before us for review is an order of the Court of Common Pleas of Delaware County which held the Department of Public Welfare (DPW) and its Secretary, John F. White, in contempt and fined them one-hundred-fifty dollars per day.

This case is indeed tragic. Ms. Cynthia Alessi, a mentally retarded individual, was ordered by the common pleas court to be placed in the Royer-Greaves School for the Blind. The propriety of that portion of the

[ 119 Pa. Commw. Page 162]

    common pleas court's order has never been questioned and the parties agree that the court had jurisdiction to order commitment pursuant to Section 406 of the Mental Health and Mental Retardation Act of 1966, Act of October 20, 1966, P.L. 96, as amended, 50 P.S. ยง 4406 (Act). The trial court order, however, also directed that DPW was to fund the care for the commitment.

DPW "appealed" that portion of the order to this Court and in Commonwealth v. Alessi, 105 Pa. Commonwealth Ct. 453, 524 A.2d 1052 (1987) we quashed the appeal in accordance with Pa. R.A.P. 501 because neither DPW nor the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania had been a party to the proceedings in the trial court and, thus, could not appeal.

Subsequently, counsel for Ms. Alessi filed with the trial court a rule to show cause why DPW and Secretary White should not be held in contempt for the refusal to fund Ms. Alessi's care. The trial court issued the rule. Hearings were held and an order holding DPW and the Secretary in contempt was entered. Upon DPW's petition, reconsideration was granted and the order was reaffirmed. DPW now appeals again to this Court alleging, inter alia, that the common pleas court lacked personal jurisdiction over it and the Secretary. We agree. We note that counsel for the Attorney General (who is representing DPW here) did not file a special appearance when she responded to the rule to show cause. The procedure of entering a special appearance is, however, no longer viable in this Commonwealth. In Monaco v. Montgomery Cab Co., 417 Pa. 135, 208 A.2d 252 (1965) the Pennsylvania Supreme Court held that the proper way to challenge jurisdiction is by preliminary objections pursuant to Pa. R.C.P. No. 1017. That was not done in this case. Nonetheless, we do not view the personal jurisdiction issue as having been waived.

Monaco and cases which have subsequently relied upon it all concern situations ...


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